Hand book 2

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mohd ahmad qamar

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  • 1. POLYMER DATA HANDBOOK *Home *Browse/Search Contents *Browse by Polymer Class *Browse the Index *Online help Copyright 1999 by Oxford University Press, Inc.

2. User's Guide EDITED BY JAMES E. MARK, UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI PUBLISHED BY OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS The online version of the Polymer Data Handbook includes key data on over two hundred polymers. Please note that entries are presented as PDF files and can only be read using Adobe Acrobat Reader Version 3. If you do not have the freeware reader, it can be downloaded from Adobe in the United States or Adobe in the United Kingdom. Each entry opens with a citation of the contributor's name and notations of acronyms and trade names, class of polymer, structure, and major applications. These are followed by tabular displays showing the properties of each polymer. The maximum consistency possible has been established for properties presented with regard to format, terminology, notations, and units. However, not all properties are applicable to all polymers contained in the handbook; some properties may not even be relevant for certain polymer classes. Also, some polymers exhibit properties shown by few others (e.g., electroluminescence); these properties have been noted as "Properties of Special Interest." Each entry closes with a list of references for the reader interested in further investigation of a polymer. View the editor's preface to the print edition (HTML format). View the directory of contributors (PDF format). file:///F|/Temp_temp/guide.htm7/16/2005 7:02:20 PM 3. Preface PREFACE TO THE PRINT EDITION The Polymer Data Handbook offers, in a standardized and readily accessible tabular format, concise information on the syntheses, structures, properties, and applications of the most important polymeric materials. Those included are currently in industrial use or they are under study for potential new applications in industry and in academic laboratories. Considerable thought was given to the criteria for selecting the polymers included in this volume. The first criterion was current commercial importancethe use of the polymer in commercial materialsfor example, as a thermoplastic, a thermoset, or an elastomer. The second criterion was novel applicationsa polymer that is promising for one or more purposes but not yet of commercial importancefor example, because of its electrical conductivities, its nonlinear optical properties, or its suitability as a preceramic polymer. The hope is that some readers will become interested enough in these newer materials to contribute to their further development and characterization. Finally, the handbook includes some polymers simply because they are unusually interestingfor example, those utilized in fundamental studies of the effects of chain stiffness, self-assembly, or biochemical processes. Based on these three criteria, more than two hundred polymers were chosen for inclusion in this work. The properties presented for each polymer include some of great current interest, such as surface and interfacial properties, pyrolyzability, electrical conductivity, nonlinear optical properties, and electroluminescence. Not all the properties are available for all the polymers included, and some properties may not even be relevant for certain polymer classes. Some polymers exhibit properties shown by few otherssuch as electroluminescenceand those have been presented as "Properties of Special Interest." The handbook entries were written by authors carefully chosen for their recognized expertise in their specific polymers. The authors were asked to be highly selective, to choose and document those results that they considered to have the highest relevance and reliability. All the entries were then reviewed carefully by one or more referees, to ensure the highest quality and significance. Care was taken to achieve maximum consistency between entries, especially with regard to terminology, notations, and units. The goal was to facilitate searches in the printed version of the handbook and electronically on the online site. Grateful acknowledgment is made here to the important contributions of the anonymous referees. It is also my real pleasure to thank a number of people at Oxford University Press for their help: specifically, Robert L. Rogers and Sean Pidgeon contributed greatly to the initiation and formulation of the basic structure of the handbook, and Matthew Giarratano carried out its implementation. It is appropriate here to thank my wife Helen for the kind of support, tangible and intangible, that makes an intimidating project, like this one, doable and sometimes even a pleasant experience. James E. Mark University of Cincinnati October 1998 file:///F|/Temp_temp/preface.htm7/16/2005 7:02:20 PM 4. Browse/Search Contents BROWSE/SEARCH CONTENTS To find a material of interest, search this page using your browser's search/find option, or use the alphabetical browser. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Click on the material to view the full text of that entry in PDF format. To view the PDF files, you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader Version 3 installed on your computer. If you do not have the freeware reader, it can be downloaded from Adobe in the United States or Adobe in the United Kingdom. Acrylonitrile-butadiene elastomers Alkyd resins Amino resins Amylopectin Amylose Bisphenol-A polysulfone Carborane-containing polymers Carboxylated ethylene copolymers, metal salts (ionomers) Cellulose Cellulose acetate Cellulose butyrate Cellulose nitrate Chitin Collagen Elastic, plastic, and hydrogel-forming protein-based polymers file:///F|/Temp_temp/contents.htm (1 of 10)7/16/2005 7:02:22 PM 5. Browse/Search Contents Epoxy resins Ethylcellulose Ethylene-propylene-diene monomer elastomers Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer Ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer Fullerene-containing polymers Gelatin Glycogen Hydridopolysilazane Hydroxypropylcellulose Kevlar Kraton D1100 SBS Kraton G1600 SEBS Metallophthalocyanine polymers Nylon 3 Nylon 4,6 Nylon 6 Nylon 6 copolymer Nylon 6,6 Nylon 6,6 copolymer Nylon 6,10 file:///F|/Temp_temp/contents.htm (2 of 10)7/16/2005 7:02:22 PM 6. Browse/Search Contents Nylon 6,12 Nylon 11 Nylon 12 Nylon MXD6 Perfluorinated ionomers Phenolic resins Polyacetylene Polyacrylamide Poly(acrylic acid) Poly(acrylonitrile) Poly(L-alanine) Poly(amide imide) Poly(amidoamine) dendrimers Polyaniline Poly(aryloxy)thionylphosphazenes Poly(p-benzamide) Poly(benzimidazole) Poly(benzobisoxazole) Poly(benzobisthiazole) Poly(gamma-benzyl-L-glutamate) Poly(1,3-bis-p-carboxyphenoxypropane anhydride) file:///F|/Temp_temp/contents.htm (3 of 10)7/16/2005 7:02:22 PM 7. Browse/Search Contents Poly(bis maleimide) 1,2-Polybutadiene cis-1,4-Polybutadiene trans-1,4-Polybutadiene Poly(butene-1) Poly[(n-butylamino)thionylphosphazene] Poly(butylene terephthalate) Poly(n-butyl isocyanate) Poly(epsilon-caprolactone) Polycarbonate Polychloral Polychloroprene Poly(p-chlorostyrene) Poly(chlorotrifluoroethylene) Poly(cyclohexyl methacrylate) Poly(di-n-butylsiloxane) Poly(diethylsiloxane) Poly(di-n-hexylsiloxane) Poly(di-n-hexylsilylene) Poly(dimethylferrocenylethylene) Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) file:///F|/Temp_temp/contents.htm (4 of 10)7/16/2005 7:02:22 PM 8. Browse/Search Contents Poly(dimethylsiloxane) Poly(dimethylsiloxanes), cyclic Poly(dimethylsilylene) Poly(dimethylsilylene-co-phenylmethylsilylene) Poly(1,3-dioxepane) Poly(1,3-dioxolane) Poly(di-n-pentylsiloxane) Poly(diphenylsiloxane) Poly(di-n-propylsiloxane) Poly(epichlorohydrin) Poly(erucic acid dimer anhydride) Polyesters, unsaturated Poly(ether ether ketone) Poly(ether imide) Poly(ether ketone) Poly(ether sulfone) Poly(ethyl acrylate) Polyethylene, elastomeric (very highly branched) Poly(ethylene imine) Polyethylene, linear high-density Polyethylene, linear low-density file:///F|/Temp_temp/contents.htm (5 of 10)7/16/2005 7:02:22 PM 9. Browse/Search Contents Polyethylene, low-density Polyethylene, metallocene linear low-density Poly(ethylene-2,6-naphthalate) Poly(ethylene oxide) Poly(ethylene sulfide) Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Poly(ferrocenyldimethylsilane) Polygermanes Polyglycine Poly(glycolic acid) Poly(hexene-1) Poly(n-hexyl isocyanate) Poly(hydridosilsesquioxane) Poly(4-hydroxy benzoic acid) Poly(hydroxybutyrate) Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) Poly(isobutylene), butyl rubber, halobutyl rubber cis-1,4-Polyisoprene trans-1,4-Polyisoprene Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) Poly(lactic acid) file:///F|/Temp_temp/contents.htm (6 of 10)7/16/2005 7:02:22 PM 10. Browse/Search Contents Polymeric selenium Polymeric sulfur Poly(methacrylic acid) Poly(methyl acrylate) Poly(methylacrylonitrile) Poly(N-methylcyclodisilazane) Poly(methylene oxide) Poly(methyl methacrylate) Poly(4-methyl pentene-1) Poly(methylphenylsiloxane) Poly(methylphenylsilylene) Poly(methylsilmethylene) Poly(methylsilsesquioxane) Poly(alpha-methylstyrene) Poly(p-methylstyrene) Poly(methyltrifluoropropylsiloxane) Poly(norbornene) Polyoctenamer Polypentenamer Poly(1,4-phenylene) Poly(m-phenylene isophthalamide) file:///F|/Temp_temp/contents.htm (7 of 10)7/16/2005 7:02:22 PM 11. Browse/Search Contents Poly(p-phenylene oxide) Poly(p-phenylene sulfide) Poly(1,4-phenylene vinylene) Poly(alpha-phenylethyl isocyanide) Poly(phenylmethylsiloxanes), cyclic Poly(phenylsilsesquioxane) Poly(phenyl/tolylsiloxane) Polyphosphates Poly(phosphazene), bioerodible Poly(phosphazene) elastomer Poly(phosphazene), semicrystalline Poly(phosphonate) Polypropylene, atactic Polypropylene, elastomeric (stereoblock) Polypropylene, isotactic Poly(propylene oxide) Poly(propylene sulfide) Polypropylene, syndiotactic Poly(pyromellitimide-1,4-diphenyl ether) Polypyrrole Polyquinoline file:///F|/Temp_temp/contents.htm (8 of 10)7/16/2005 7:02:22 PM 12. Browse/Search Contents Poly(rotaxane), example 1 Poly(rotaxane), example 2 Poly(silphenylene-siloxanes) Poly(silylenemethylene) Polystyre