Adaptation to Climate Change by Rebecca Shaw

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  • Photo credits: (Top) Richard Herrmann; (Bottom) Donna McCoy, Macduff Everton 1

    Rebecca ShawNovember 1, 2010

    Adaptation to climate change

  • 2

    Outline discussion

    Making adaptation plans relevant Ecosystem-based adaptation The Window of Opportunity Design to Win?

  • 3

    What are we adapting?

    Natures managers and their institutions planning and strategies goals partnerships

    Nature species habitats ecosystem services

    Humans and human settlements Protection from sea level rise, floods, & fires Reducing human health impacts - relocation to coasts, reallocation of

    limited water

  • 4After Marshall et al. 2010

    Adaptation planning for slow directional shifts

  • 5After Marshall et al. 2010

  • 6

    After Marshall et al. 2010

    Adaptation planning for high-risk, catastrophic events

  • 7

    After Marshall et al. 2010

    Collision Course:

    Many of the human adaptation strategies undermine ecological

    adaptation strategies.

  • 8

    After Marshall et al. 2010

    Conservation community

  • 9

    Reducing impacts of natural disasters

    Safeguarding water

    Providing clean water

    Supporting marine and freshwater fisheries

    Safeguarding crop wild relatives

    Addressing health issues

    Making Adaptation Plan Relevant: Natural Solutions

  • 10

    Ecosystem-based adaptation

    Ecosystem-based adaptation uses the range of opportunities for the sustainable management, conservation, and restoration of ecosystems to provide services that enable people to adapt to the impacts of climate change.

    Ecosystem-based adaptation is the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of an overall adaptation strategy to help people to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change.

    Report of the CBDs Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group on Biodiversity and Climate Change

  • 11

    Links Biodiversity to ecological process Ecological process to ecosystem services ecosystem services to human systems

    Shifts Adapting nature for nature Adapting nature for people ecosystem services to human systems

    Makes explicit Biodiversity conservation alone Biodiversity and ecosystem service conservation with partners Costs

    Ecosystem-based adaptation

  • 12

    Promote resilient eco-

    systems

    Maintain

    ecosystem services

    Support sectoral

    adaptation

    Reduce risks and

    disasters

    Comple-ment infra-structure

    Avoid mal-adapta-

    tion

    Apply ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation

    Ecosystem-based adaptation

  • 13

    Maintain

    ecosystem services

    Support sectoral

    adaptation

    Reduce risks and

    disasters

    Comple-ment infra-structure

    Avoid mal-adapta-

    tion

    Apply ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation

    Ecosystem-based adaptation

    Modeling of projected climate change Revised systematic conservation plans Revision of projected area system design Involvement of local communities in restoration and management Adjusted management plans and programs

  • 14

    Promote resilient eco-

    systems

    Maintain

    ecosystem services

    Support sectoral

    adaptation

    Reduce risks and

    disasters

    Comple-ment infra-structure

    Avoid mal-adapta-

    tion

    Apply ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation

    Ecosystem-based adaptation

    Valuation of ecosystem services Determine how climate change is affecting ecosystem services Identify options for managing ecosystems or managing use Involve user communities in adaptation action involving ecosystem

    services

  • 15

    Promote resilient eco-

    systems

    Maintain

    ecosystem services

    Support sectoral

    adaptation

    Reduce risks and

    disasters

    Comple-ment infra-structure

    Avoid mal-adapta-

    tion

    Apply ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation

    Ecosystem-based adaptation

    Inclusion of ecosystem-based approaches in state and local adaptation plans;

    Incorporation of biodiversity into land-use management frameworks Influence sectoral development plans e.g. for agriculture or water

    production Identify migration opportunities of coastal zone management

  • 16

    Promote resilient eco-

    systems

    Maintain

    ecosystem services

    Support sectoral

    adaptation

    Reduce risks and

    disasters

    Comple-ment infra-structure

    Avoid mal-adapta-

    tion

    Apply ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation

    Ecosystem-based adaptation

    Restore key habitats that reduce vulnerability e.g. coastal wetlands, forests on steep slopes

    Identify vulnerable communities and involve them in restoration efforts

  • 17

    Promote resilient eco-

    systems

    Maintain

    ecosystem services

    Support sectoral

    adaptation

    Reduce risks and

    disasters

    Comple-ment infra-structure

    Avoid mal-adapta-

    tion

    Apply ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation

    Ecosystem-based adaptation

    Maintain ecological flows in rivers Restoration of flood plains in for flood attenuation in addition to levees

    and berms;

  • 18

    Promote resilient eco-

    systems

    Maintain

    ecosystem services

    Support sectoral

    adaptation

    Reduce risks and

    disasters

    Comple-ment infra-structure

    Avoid mal-adapta-

    tion

    Apply ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation

    Ecosystem-based adaptation

    Improve impact assessment to deal with impacts of adaptation activities on the natural environment

    Avoid inadvertent impacts on natural ecosystems, communities Understand short and long term costs of choices.

  • 19

    After Marshall et al. 2010

    Conservation community

  • 20

    The Window of Opportunity

    The opponents are lining up to oppose adaptation - out of fear and with little information

    With energy legislation stalled nationally and internationally, much more attention focused on adaptation.

    Opportunity to position ecological adaptation as essential to human adaptation and it is.

  • 21

    Design to Win for Adaptation?

    What does success look like? What ecosystem services will

    be most relevant to ecological adaptation and human adaptation?

    Can we provide a road map for human adaptation that explicitly support ecological adaptation

    What are the right sectors to include in adaptation planning?

    What will it cost?

  • 22

    END

  • 23

    ForageWater Retention

    Habitat Integrity

    OverlapsWater Yield

    Carbon

  • 24

    Copenhagen DecisionUNFCCC, COP15, December 2009

    Invites parties to undertake impact, vulnerability and adaptation assessments, including, assessments of financial needs as well as economic, social and environmental costs and benefits of adaptation options

    Affirms that enhanced action on adaptation should be... guided by the best available science, traditional knowledge with

    the aim of integrating adaptation actions into relevant social, economic and environmental policies

    Building resilience of socio-economic and ecological systems, including through economic diversification and sustainable management of natural resources

  • 25

    Nagoya, Japan CBD, COP 10 October 2010

    ...integrate ecosystem-based approaches for adaptation into relevant strategies, including adaptation strategies and plans, disaster risk reduction strategies and sustainable land management strategies;

    ...implement ecosystem-based approaches for adaptation, that may include sustainable management, conservation and restoration of ecosystems, as part of an overall adaptation strategy that takes into account the multiple social, economic and cultural co-benefits for local communities;

    In the planning and implementation of ecosystem-based approaches for adaptation, different ecosystem management options and objectives should be carefully considered to assess the different services they provide and the potential trade-offs that may result from them;