Exodus overview

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  • Blueprints of Redemption Book of Exodus

    The Genesis account continues

  • The book opens with and Vav in Hebrew

    The last 38 chapters in Genesis were largely focused on Abraham, Isaac and Joseph

    And these are the generations of the children of Israel And they were fruitful and multiplied and filled the land

    Reminiscent of Genesis

  • A stair-case like ( chiastic ) organization of the book

    Building for Pharaoh God sees and helps The (Passover) lamb God comes down (at Sinai) ( the law and the pattern of the tabernacle given from the inside out) The (golden calf) anti-lamb God dwells with his people Building (the tabernacle) for God from the inside out (Starting with the ark then working the way to the courtyard)

  • And there arose a Pharaoh that know not Joseph

  • A war of hearts

    Pharaohs heart is claimed God like and sinless and Pharaoh himself the healer of Egypt

  • But Pharaohs heart was was hardened and sinned

    His daughters heart, however Was made tender by God

    To the crying baby Moses

    God will harden Pharaohs heart, Pharaohs heart was hardened, Pharaoh's heart had been hardened and Pharaohs hardened his heart

  • 400 years of silence And then a baby A bit like the seed of the

    woman in Genesis in some measure The two Egyptian midwives

    protecting the Hebrew baby boys despite the Pharaohs decrees

    The mother of Moses prepares an ark

    The sister of Moses watches over it

    The daughter of Pharaoh has compassion on it

    Woman significantly appearing in the story

  • A God who burns in holiness, but doesnt burn up. A self existent God who can say His name is I AM


  • God stretches Moses hope

    Some help promising to send Aaron giving signs of Moses rod to become a

    snake Moses hand becoming and being healed

    from leprosy Even ending by saying how when hes done

    that even the women will plunder the Egyptians of their treasures.

  • A flashback to Genesisand Abrahams vision

    Genesis 15 12As the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell on Abram. And behold, dreadful and great darkness fell upon him. 13Then the Lord said to Abram, Know for certain that your offspring will be sojourners in a land that is not theirs and will be servants there, and they will be afflicted for four hundred years. 14But I will bring judgment on the nation that they serve, and afterward they shall come out with great possessions

  • Enter Moses: Moses life, being a mini-picture of Israel

    Moses Israel Saved through river - Saved through red sea Trained in laws of Egypt - Trained in laws of God Almost killed by Pharaoh - Almost killed by Pharaoh God seen as burning bush - God seen as burning mountain Escaped to Midian - Escaped to Midian

  • Exodus 4:22- 22Then you shall say to Pharaoh, Thus says the Lord, Israel is my firstborn son, 23and I say to you, Let my son go that he may serve me. If you refuse to let him go, behold, I will kill your firstborn son.

    And a son of God motif

  • The rod of Moses turns to a snake, Moses is told to grab the snake by the tail and he does

  • The gods of Egypt judged In three sets of plagues God is God over The water The land The sky Man

    Egypt plagued Israel protected

  • Hymn to the Nile ca. 2100 BCE Hail to thee, O Nile! Who manifests thyself over this land, and comes to give life to Egypt! Mysterious is thy issuing forth from the darkness, on this day whereon it is celebrated! Watering the orchards created by Re, to cause all the cattle to live, you give the earth to drink, inexhaustible one! Path that descends from the sky, loving the bread of Seb and the first-fruits of Nepera, You cause the workshops of Ptah to prosper!

    From http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/texts/hymn_to_the_nile.htm

  • God speaks from the water

  • 7 days later plagues continue And another of the godz judged

  • The godz of Egypt judgedHeket Goddess of fertility Frogs from the overflow of the Nile Killing a frog is taboo But in this plague the frogs Will be stacked up and burned

    In each cycle of plagues two are announced as to time and one not.

    1st three plagues:: waters turned to blood Frogs, then lice The magicians said: This is the finger of God.

  • Second set of three plaguesGod is the God of the land

    The river gods judged Uatchit - The fly god of Egypt

    Ptah and Mnevis }Egyptian gods associated Serapis and . Imhotep }Egyptian gods of healing

    Sekhmet - Egyptian goddess of Epidemics .

  • God speaks from the land

  • The godz of Egypt judged

    Isis, goddess of healing But when God sends a plague, Isis is of no help

    Next 3 plagues: Flies Diseases in livestock Boils

  • Soot from the kiln (where bricks are made)

  • Soot from the kiln (where bricks are made)

  • Soot from the kiln (where bricks are made)

  • Soot from the kiln (where bricks are made)

  • Could it be? Jewish slaves in Egypt? The Brooklyn Papyrus suggests yes

    Slaves with names like Menachem, Issachar, Asher

    Who suffered terribly and didnt like long And were previously prosperous in an area

    of Egypt with a canal of Joseph named from antiquity

  • The goddess of healing is Not much help With the boils And Pharaoh's magicians Cannot stand before Pharaoh because of the boils

  • .

  • God warns Pharaoh

    God could just wipe out the Egyptians but He was not in order that the fame

    of his name and his works will be known

  • Heavy hail, lightning and thunder

  • Some Egyptians take notice

    Some Egyptians heeding warnings Pharaohs advisers warning Pharaoh to

    relent and let the Jews go Some Egyptians will choose eventually to

    join the Jews and turn to their God

  • The godz of Egypt judgedRa the sun God God turned out the lights in Egypt God kept the lights on in Goshen

    Next 3 plagues: Hail Locusts Darkness

  • 9th plague Darkness A time for all Egypt to reflect on what happened

    3 days of darkness

  • 10th and last plague

    Man judged The plague of the firstborn A reminder given of a promise to bring

    them to the land with wonders

  • 10 Plagues and a hard heart

  • God said I will harden Pharaohs heart

    Pharaohs heart had been hardened Pharaohs heart was hardened Pharaoh hardened his heart

  • A defining moment in history Exodus 12: 1The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of

    Egypt, 2This month shall be for you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year for you. 3Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers houses, a lamb for a household.


  • The Passover points back to the Exodus but also forward

    It is the most spectacular deliverance in the Old Testament

    But points to deliverance by The lamb of God that takes away the sins of the world as John the Baptist said (Johns birth announced on the day of atonement in the Holy of Holies)

    And the Passover lamb is to be completely eaten as Messiah is to be taken not in part but in whole by believers

  • In many (more) ways the Passover points forward continued

    And points to the church ( the church of the first born (ones), first born being plural those redeemed in similar manner covered by the blood

    Hebrews 12:22 But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering, 23and to the assembly of the firstborn [plural] who are enrolled in heaven

  • And 3 days after traveling though the dessert

    Freedom, thirst follows, water found but bitter

    The waters of Marah Three days ago was dancing and

    now there is not enough faith for the next thing.

    And God tells Moses to put a log in the water

  • And the tree that made the bitter water sweet

    I am Jehovah Rapha - the God who heals you

  • Followed by refreshment12 springs with 70 palm trees at Elim

  • And 3 months latertraveling through desert

    The people admonished to consecrate themselves

    Wash their clothes (using some of the precious water for the dessert journey)

    Dont come dirty! And Dont come close!

  • And a promiseYou shall be a kingdom of priests

    Exodus 19 :4You yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles' wings and brought you to myself. 5Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine; 6and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.

  • See and hear! But dont come near ( And if a person or animal touches the mountain kill

    them but do not touch them doing it )

  • And a promise for the futurespeaking somed