On human virtues

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

 

Text of On human virtues

  • 1. On Human Virtues Important thoughts: Good Human Acts building block of virtues. (The opposite is also true: Bad human acts are the building blocks of vices) HABIT -a stable disposition to act or respond in a particular way -It is formed by the repetition of an act which one values. -They are human acts even if, as a habit, one simply has virtual awareness. BAD HABIT GOOD HABIT
  • 2. IMPORTANT THOUGHTS: (on Human Virtues) BUT NOT ALL HABITS ARE VIRTUES ALL VIRTUES ARE HABITS ? ? ? REPETITION IS THE KEY TO THE FORMATION OF HABIT PRACTICE DOES NOT MAKE PERFECT; IT MAKES PERMANENCE.
  • 3. FORMATION OF A HABIT HUMAN ACT GOOD or BAD REPETITION (Actual or Tolerated) HABIT GOOD or BAD CHARACTERISTICS OF A HABIT Effective achieves its end as intended Efficient task is carried out hardly with any error Ease task is carried out hardly with minimal effort Spontaneity reacts promptly to triggering stimulus (i) Universal whenever, wherever, to whomever
  • 4. Habits, Customs, Virtues A. WHAT ARE HABITS? Habits are stable dispositions produced by the repetition of acts . They are differentiated from Customs in that customs are accepted or habitual practice. Custom cause habits and habits allow customs to continue. TYPES OF HABITS 1. According to origin - infused or acquired 2. According to purpose - natural or supernatural 3. According to morality- good or bad 4. According to influence on moral acts - voluntary or involuntary Voluntary habits are acquired by voluntary repetition of acts. These are not deliberately checked, so they continue influencing the agent. Voluntary habits increase the voluntariness of the act even though they diminish ones freedom (in a sense that since there is a habit, it is much easier to commit the act) CUSTOM HABI T
  • 5. FORMATION OF A VIRTUE (Human) VIRTUE A STABLE DISPOSITION TO DO GOOD AIR THAT VIRTUES BREATHE Freedom free from fear or other vain considerations Responsibility one owns an act and its consequence Spirit of Sacrifice HEROIC to the point even of death Universal Charity absence of any bias. Conviction - based on firm and true knowledge Prudence --- Maturity Fortitude --- Heroism Temperance --- not foolhardy or due to precipitancy Justice --- fair to everyone concerned SUPERNATURAL VIRTUES has for its object GOD, motivated by love for and of God. TWO TYPES ACQUIRED: has for its basis HUMAN VIRTUES INFUSED: e.g. Faith, Hope and Charity
  • 6. Some cases related to VIRTUES . . . 1. Mga Kolehiyalang nagwawala. good girls with bad habits. 2. Catholic by convenience. 3. Forced to Good... due to servile fear to authority Fear of losing --- self-esteem; honor, peer etc. 4. The evil of Nationalism
  • 7. Some cases related to VIRTUES . . . 1. Mga Kolehiyalang nagwawala. good girls with bad habits. 2. Catholic by convenience. 3. Forced to Good... due to servile fear to authority Fear of losing --- self-esteem; honor, peer etc. 4. The evil of Nationalism