Sydney, Australia By: Marissa and Andrea

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<ol><li> 1. Sydney, Australia By: Andrea and Marissa </li><li> 2. Atmosphere-Temperature Sydney Australia is a very sunny place. Every year there are 340+ sunny days. The temperature ranges from an average of 45 degrees in the winter to an average of 75 degrees in the summer. Sydney has a temperate climate meaning not to hot and not to cold, just right. Almost every day you could go to the beach! </li><li> 3. Atmosphere-Pollutants In Sydneys atmosphere, the carbon levels are usually around 400 PPM which is pretty high. With so many people, the carbon levels are still rising, resulting from cars, factories, and the growing population in Sydney. As you can see in the chart, CO2 emissions in around 1950 started to go up quicker. The places where pollution is found most in Sydney is in the air and water. </li><li> 4. Atmosphere- Heat waves Heat waves are common in Australia. They occur in their hottest months like January and December. The most recent heat wave that was noticeably worse than the others was in January of 2014 and December of 2013. Heat waves result from global warming. In the diagram you can see that Sydney (southeast corner of Australia) gets severe heatwaves. </li><li> 5. Atmosphere- Cyclones A cyclone is a system of winds rotating inward to an area of low atmospheric pressure. Cyclones happen in Sydney, Australia. As you can see in the graph to the right, the number of cyclones has been decreasing as the years continue. There have been less severe and non severe. </li><li> 6. Biosphere- Population Sydney, Australia is a lively city with a population of about 4.5 million people. Sydney is also becoming a very diverse city with people from many different religions. 61.1% of people living here are Christians. Sydney is a great place to go because of the beaches, the constant nice weather, the activities, and because it is relatively clean. The chart shows that Sydneys growing population is expected to go up very quickly. By 2035 the population is expected to be around 6 million people. This could result in major pollution atmosphere problems. </li><li> 7. Biosphere-Animals It is important to know what kind of animals live in a place you are planning moving to. This is important because they could be dangerous or disrupting. Some animals in Sydney Australia are: Australian Fur Seal Black Rat Bottlenose dolphin Sugar Glider Swamp Wallaby Green Turtle </li><li> 8. Biosphere-Costs for Houses/Apartments As Sydneys population grows, there are less houses to live in. Because of this, the average house cost is pretty high at $574,667. Average salary per year is around $70,000. Their dollar costs more than our dollar, at 1 to 0.8 .The picture to the right shows the average apartment price for past years and some predicted future years. The prices have been going up over the years and have risen around $130,000 since 2008. Sydney is a pretty expensive place! </li><li> 9. Biosphere-Everyday Things Cost When moving to a new place, it is important to know exactly how much money to spend. You dont want to have just moved to a great place not expecting costs different from what you thought! Here are some food and drink items costs in US dollars. (has been converted from Australian to U.S.) Category Amount in USD Transportation 49.072 Restaurants 60.256 Sports And Leisure 30.028 Rent Per Month 23.1946 Clothing And Shoes 13.811 Markets 14.8533 Utilities (Monthly) 52.587 1 liter milk 1.54 dozen eggs 4.21 apples (1kg) 4.27 local cheese (1kg) 11.31 Water (1.5 liter bottle) .53 Monthly Costs </li><li> 10. Hydrosphere-Rainfall Every year, Sydney gets around 16 inches in total of rainfall. In the top graph, it shows how many rainy days happen per month. March is the rainiest time of year. The bottom graph, it shows the amount of rainfall per month to go with the top graph. In March Sydney gets around 150 mm or around 6 inches of rain. July only gets around 50 mm of rain. Thats around 2 inches. </li><li> 11. Hydrosphere-where Sydney Australia is bordered to the east by the Pacific Ocean. The Parramatta River is the main tributary of Sydney Harbor, a branch of Port Jackson. Port Jackson is also known as Sydney Harbor. It runs next to the Sydney Opera House and under the Sydney Harbor Bridge. This waterway provides transportation and lots of recreation. </li><li> 12. Hydrosphere-Problems In Sydney's harbor, recently a study was taken where they found 24 plastic particles in every 100 milliliters of sediment. Also, one of the top problems in Sydney Australia is water shortage from lack of rainfall, leading to droughts in the recent years. Water pollution is #6 on the list for major problems, which means that the water is pretty clean for an area with that many people. </li><li> 13. Hydrosphere- Water usage The water usage in Sydney (south Australia) is greatly used the most by irrigation which takes up 80%. The next top use for water is by Urban domestic water services, meaning used by the main city where everyone lives. In Australia to have crops, you have to water them a lot because there is really no rain. That is the major water shortage reason. </li><li> 14. Geosphere-where Sydney is bordered by the blue mountains to the west, and the pacific ocean to the east. It is built around Port Jackson bay. Since it is located on the Pacific Ocean, it has over 70 beaches throughout the city. Australia overall is surrounded by water. </li><li> 15. Geosphere-land Sydney, Australia is a city inside the country/continent of Australia. Sydney, Australia is a total of 4689 square miles. The black line leads to Sydney on the map. You can see that it is on the edge of Australia and has mountains around it. </li><li> 16. Geosphere-facts -Australia is the 6th largest county in the world. -Surrounding Sydney, there are mountainous areas with outbacks or hot dry deserts There are also grasslands and plateaus. </li><li> 17. Geosphere-Suburbs Sydney is a populated place, but a lot of people also live in the suburbs around downtown. In the picture, you can see more to the west side of Sydney. This is a grassy area not too close to the center of the city or the water. </li><li> 18. Sydney, Australia is a busy city with a lot going on. It has a temperate climate and lots of beaches. This city is perfect for someone who loves the outdoors. We would like to invest in Sydney, Australia in the next 40-100 years and we cant wait to visit. </li></ol>