Fire statistics 2016

  • View
    245

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

  • Antonio Galn Penalva

    Fire Safety Consultant

    February 2016

    Fire Statistics

  • Fire statistics

    Page | 1

    1. Aim and previous considerations 2

    2. Fire Statistics in Spain .... 3

    3. Comparison fire statistics data of Spain and Europe .... 10

    4. Comparison fire statistics data of Spain and Europe, with the rest of the world 13

    5. Conclusions ... 16

    6. Bibliography .. 17

    7. Information concerning to the author.. 17

  • Fire statistics

    Page | 2

    The purpose of this document is to collect in a summarized way the main results of fire

    statistics recently published by different entities, both national and international.

    Furthermore, an objective analysis of these results is performed and the most obvious

    conclusions are showed.

    In order to have a better understanding of the data that are displayed in the following sections

    (Fire Statistics in Spain), previously it is important to take into account the following

    considerations that are showed in the Study of Victims of Fire in Spain 2014 (APTB and Mapfre

    Foundation):

    - They have been recorded as killed in fire or explosion to all those who have died in the

    fire place.

    - They have also had this same consideration as those to which the study authors were

    able to track and died after being hospitalized as a direct result of the incident

    occurred.

    - They have not taken into account those injured or killed in fire and/or explosion in

    vehicles when the cause of death was the accident itself.

    - They have not taken into account the victims of explosions of fireworks intentionally

    manipulated in popular celebrations, or victims of voluntary exposure to fire,

    firecrackers, etc.

    - They not considered as fire victims the deaths that have been classified as suicides by

    explosions, through the use of fire or of any other type of combustion.

    - Finally, they have not been considered victims of the fire caused by intentioned fire or

    explosions for the purpose of committing a murder or hide a violent death.

    This document is only informative and compiles the information in the studies indicated in the

    bibliography.

    1. Aim and previous considerations

  • Fire statistics

    Page | 3

    Statistical data for Spain have been taken from "Estudio de Victimas de Incendios en Espaa

    2014," published by the Mapfre Foundation and APTB in December 2015. Below, the most

    relevant results are displayed.

    As shown in Figure 1, generally the number of fatalities in fires decrease each year since

    1980, although in 2014 there has been a significant rebound.

    Figure 1. Fires fatalities evolution in Spain. Chart prepared by the author based on data

    taken from the study of Mapfre Foundation and APTB.

    If we take this data and are shown per million inhabitants, the downward trend of the victims

    is even more pronounced, due to the population of Spain have grown during the last 30 years.

    This is showed in Figure 2.

    Figure 2. Fires fatalities evolution in Spain per million inhabitants (Chart prepared by the

    author based on data taken from the study of Mapfre Foundation and APTB).

    2. Fire Statistics in Spain

  • Fire statistics

    Page | 4

    Despite the increase of victims occurred in 2014, the data continue to show us that Spain has

    one of the lowest rates of victims. Even so, it must continue to work to reduce these numbers.

    Below it is showed the data concerning age groups for fire deaths.

    Figure 3. Fire deaths by age and sex in 2014. (Source: Mapfre Foundation and APTB).

    Figure 4. Fire deaths by age in percentage in 2014. (Source: Mapfre

    Foundation and APTB).

  • Fire statistics

    Page | 5

    In addition and complementary way, it is possible to present the above data depending on the

    number of inhabitants.

    Figure 5. Fire deaths index (per million of inhabitants) depending on age

    and sex in 2014 (Source: Mapfre Foundation and APTB).

    From the above data, it observe the following:

    - Increase concerning to the previous years in the number of victims in the minors.

    - The elderly people are the most vulnerable to fires. Specifically, the 51,9% of the

    victims were over 65 years old. This is a fact that occurs on a recurring way every year.

    With respect to the time of year, Figure 6 shows the variation throughout the months of the

    year.

    Figure 6. Fire deaths per months in 2014. (Source: Mapfre Foundation and

    APTB).

    It observed as in previous years, the months corresponding with the autumn and winter have

    a higher number of fatalities.

  • Fire statistics

    Page | 6

    It is important to know where the fires with fatalities occur most frequently, so the following

    figure shows this information.

    Figure 7. Fire deaths depending on the use of the building in 2014. (Chart prepared by the author based

    on data taken from the study of Mapfre Foundation and APTB).

    It is appreciated that most of the deaths in fires occur in homes. The death number in homes

    for the year 2013 it has increased up to 35,1%. Another point to consider is the number of

    deaths in fires corresponding to the hotels. In 2013, there was only one victim while in 2014

    this value has reached 6 victims.

    Analysing the data concerning to the houses, it shows that during the 2014, the houses

    victims have increased (Figure 8).

    Figure 8. Evolution of the number of fatalities in homes. (Chart prepared by the author based on data

    taken from the study of Mapfre Foundation and APTB).

  • Fire statistics

    Page | 7

    Although the number of victims in 2014 was high, if we take these data per million inhabitants,

    the resulting rate really low (Figure 9).

    Figure 9. Evolution of the number of fatalities in homes per million of inhabitants. (Chart prepared by

    the author based on data taken from the study of Mapfre Foundation and APTB).

    Concerning to the height of the house where the largest number of casualties occurs, the 1st

    floor is where it has a higher mortality (Figure 10).

    Figure 10. Number of fatalities in houses depending on number of storey of the building. (Chart

    prepared by the author based on data taken from the study of Mapfre Foundation and APTB).

    However, it had to keep in mind that the first 3 storeys have a higher incidence higher storeys

    because Spain has a greater number of homes located on the lower storeys.

  • Fire statistics

    Page | 8

    Fire statistics also gives us information about where the fire wasoriginated (Figure 11).

    Figure 11. Place of origin of the fire with victims in 2014. (Chart prepared by the author based on data taken from the study of Mapfre Foundation and

    APTB).

    From these data, we conclude that the bedrooms, kitchens and living rooms are the places

    where most fires occur.

    With regard to the likely cause of death, 2 of 3 victims are due to inhalation of smokes in fires

    (Figure 12).

    Figure 12. Probable cause of death in 2014. (Chart prepared by the author based on data taken from the study of Mapfre Foundation and APTB).

  • Fire statistics

    Page | 9

    As a possible cause of fires, we can find different causes and stand out all producers of heat

    and electricity followed by direct fire. (Figure 13).

    Figure 13. Cause of fire fatalities in homes in 2014. (Chart prepared by the author

    based on data taken from the study of Mapfre Foundation and APTB).

  • Fire statistics

    Page | 10

    This section will be shown the situation of Spain with respect to other European countries, and

    its relationship to the number of casualties in fires. The analysis is divided into two parts.

    - The period included between 1979 and 2007

    - The period included between 2008 and 2010

    - The period included between 1979 and 2007

    En los siguientes tres grficos se recogen ndices, tendencias y variaciones comparativas

    entre 1979 y 2007. The following three graphs compare indexes, trends and variations

    between 1979 and 2007.

    Figure 14. Comparison Index fire fatalities per million inhabitants in 1979 and in 2007. (Source: Fire death

    rate trends: An international Perspective).

    Figure 15. Comparison of the trend rate of fire fatalities per million inhabitants (1979 2007).

    (Chart prepared by the author based on data taken from Fire death rate trends: An

    international Perspective).

    3. Comparison fire statistics data of Spain and Europe

  • Fire statistics

    Page | 11

    Figure 16. Comparison Index fire fatalities per million inhabitants by European regions

    (1979 2007). (Chart prepared by the author based on data taken from Fire death rate trends: An international Perspective).

    Taking into account the results contained in the above graphs, Spain shows one of the

    lowest fatality rates in Europe. Furthermore, this index has been improved since 1979,

    from 12 to 5,2 fatalities per million inhabitants, and the trend shows from 1979 to

    2007 a reduction of -54%.

    The general trend of most countries is reducing the number of fatalities per million.

    However, it draws attention the case of Denmark and the Czech Rep., which behave

    contrary to the general behaviour and the trend is growing (+3,6% and +18,90