 Examine (elenchos) your values, society’s values, religious values, etc.  Accept the limits of human knowledge; use reason to discover the definition

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  • Examine (elenchos) your values, societys values, religious values, etc. Accept the limits of human knowledge; use reason to discover the definition (logos) of each virtue and virtue itself; live well (eudaimonia). You are rich, respected, and feared, but hows your soul?
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  • A virtue theory: virtues are character traits which promote the interests of the agent and her community. No Moderation makes Gia unhealthy and her closest community unhappy. A self-interest theory: Wrongdoing harms the wrongdoer. Doing the right thing always promotes ones interests. A rationalist theory: virtue is acquired by rational reflection. All who understand the nature of justice, goodness, etc., will behave virtuously and live well. Careful thinking is the key to moral conduct.
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  • Terms like justice, beauty, unity, etc., refer to entities existing in a transcendent realm. Knowledge occurs only when the human mind/soul makes non-perceptual contact with these ideal, eternal objects. A Form is immutable, timeless, one over many, intellectually apprehensible, and capable of precise definition via dialectical inquiry.
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  • I. One over many: Universal properties shared by many particulars; many intelligent students; there is some single property that each has, intelligence. II. Standards of measurement and appraisal: More or less equal, implies knowledge of Equality. More or less honest = closer to or further from perfect honesty.
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  • III. Definitions: Is compassion good? Requires definitions of compassion and good. IV. Immutable things: Jill may be pale in winter and tan in summer, but pale can never become tan. V. Timeless truths: truths about particulars are tensed, truths about universals and definitions are timeless. VI. Intellectual knowledge: apprehension of general concepts is intellectual, not perceptual. Certainty.
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  • Objects States of mind Intelligible The Good Intelligence or Knowledge realm Forms Mathematical Thinking objects ____________________________________________ realm of visible things belief/opinion appearance images imagining