7.4 Anaerobic Respiration Cellular Respiration. Anaerobic Respiration Recall anaerobic respiration occurs in the _____________________ of _________ Two

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Text of 7.4 Anaerobic Respiration Cellular Respiration. Anaerobic Respiration Recall anaerobic respiration...

Cellular Respiration

7.4 Anaerobic RespirationCellular Respiration1Anaerobic RespirationRecall anaerobic respiration occurs in the _____________________ of _________Two methods- -Both methods begin with __________________

2Alcohol FermentationStarts with __________________Glucose is metabolized to ______________________A net of ________ ATP is madeDuring alcoholic fermentation_____________________ is ________________ to form _____________________________________________ is released________________ is recycled so ____________________ can continue___________________ do thisLeavened bread Sparkling wine

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4Lactic Acid FermentationStarts with ____________Glucose is metabolized to ______________________Pyruvate is reduced to form __________________________________________ transfers H+ ions to ________________ regenerating NAD+A net of _____ ATP is madeNo _____________ is releasedMuscle cells have the ___________________ to do this, but _________________ cells do not

Muscle cells can survive _______________ periods of oxygen _________________, but brain cells cannotLactic acid _____________ in muscles

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7Maximum Oxygen UptakeAerobic _____________________: measure of the ability of the heart, lungs, and bloodstream to supply __________ to the cells of the _______________ during physical activity A _______________________ rate at which an individual can consume __________ during maximal __________________

8Exercise and VO2 maxMoving from rest to exercise _______ energy requirementsMetabolism __________________ in direct proportion to _______________ of workAs demand for energy ______________________ so does ___________________ consumption (remember the role of oxidation to produce ATP to do work)VO2 eventually peaks =VO2 may remain _____________________ at max or drop slightly even through work _________________ continues to increaseAverage VO2 max isTop athletes VO2 max is

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10Supplements and ToxinsCreatine phosphatedonates its high energy ____________________ to the production of ____________Creatine phosphate + ADP creatine + ATPincrease in ______________ may help to store creatine phosphate in muscle cells (creating a ____________________ of phosphate ready for ATP production)potentially also acts as a ___________________ in muscle cells against _____________________

11Carbon ________________________ (CO)combines with ________________________ preventing ________ from binding with red blood cellsaffinity between hemoglobin and CO is about ______________ times __________________ than the affinity between hemoglobin and O2hemoglobin will bond with _________ before it will with _______No oxgyen available means the __________ ______________________Low ATP production results in cell ____________ 12Cyanide and Hydrogen Sulfideinhibit oxygen _______________________ by __________________________Stopping _______________ _________________13