An Age of Explorations and Isolation, 1400–1800

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An Age of Explorations and Isolation, 1400–1800. Section 1: Europeans Explore the East. For “God, Glory, and Gold”. Early Contact Limited New desire for contact with Asia develops in Europe in early 1400s Europeans Seek New Trade Routes Main reason for exploration is to gain wealth - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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An Age of Explorations and Isolation,14001800

Section 1: Europeans Explore the EastFor God, Glory, and Gold

Early Contact LimitedNew desire for contact with Asia develops in Europe in early 1400sEuropeans Seek New Trade RoutesMain reason for exploration is to gain wealthContact during Crusades spurs demand for Asian goodsMuslims and Italians control trade from East to WestOther European nations want to bypass these powersThe Spread of ChristianityDesire to spread Christianity also spurs explorationPortuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias wants to serve God and kingTechnology Makes Exploration PossibleIn 1400s, the caravel makes it possible to sail against windAstrolabe makes navigation easierMagnetic compass improves tracking of direction

Portugal Leads the Way

The Portuguese Explore AfricaPrince Henry, the son of Portugals king, supports explorationIn 1419, he founds navigation school on coast of PortugalBy 1460, Portuguese have trading posts along west coast of AfricaPortuguese Sailors Reach AsiaIn 1488, Dias sails around southern tip of AfricaIn 1498, Vasco da Gama sails to IndiaIn 1499, da Gama returns to Portugal with valuable cargo

Spain Also Makes Claims

A Rival PowerIn 1492, Christopher Columbus sails for SpainConvinces Spanish to support plan to reach Asia by sailing westReaches the Americas insteadOpens Americas to exploration and colonizationIn 1493, pope divides these lands between Spain and PortugalAgreement formalized by Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494

Trading Empires in the Indian Ocean

Portugals Trading EmpireIn 1509, Portugal defeats Muslims, takes over Indian Ocean tradeIn 1510, Portugal captures Goa, port city in western IndiaIn 1511, Portugal seizes Malacca, on Malay PeninsulaThese gains break Muslim-Italian hold on Asian trade Other Nations Challenge the PortugueseEnglish and Dutch begin moving into Asia in 17th centuryDutch have more ships (20,000) than any other nation in 1600Dutch and English weaken Portuguese control of Asian tradeDutch then overpower EnglishForm Dutch East India Company for Asian trade European Trade OutpostsIn 1619, Dutch set up trade headquarters at Batavia, on JavaThroughout 1600s, Dutch trade growsAmsterdam, Dutch capital, becomes wealthy cityDutch also control southern tip of AfricaEnglands East India Company gains strength in IndiaFrance also gains trade foothold in India