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  • Bicycle Parking Guidelines:Bicycle Parking

    An APBP Webinar Series

    Phil Miller, APBPScott Cohen, City of Portland, OR

    David Louzenheiser,Massachusetts Area Regional Councl

    Winter 2013

    APBP Bicycle Parking Webinar Series Municipal Bike Parking Programs | 2-27-2013 1 of 55

  • City and local programs

    Where many cities start formal bicycle programming

    High symbolic and functional value

    Flexible and economical program

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  • Today Well look at

    programs in Boston and Portland

    Review sidewalk and bike corral designs

    Codes and policies

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  • Best Practices - Boston

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  • Sidewalk parking principles

    Where most cities begin their parking programs

    Wide variety of approaches Generally considered cost-effective

    starting point

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  • Short-term rack layout Min. 10 sidewalk width

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  • Short-term rack layout Sidewalk 10 + width

    Locate in furniture / landscape zone Align racks to not interfere with

    parked car doors Align parallel to street in constrained

    areas

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  • Distancefromrackstocurb:3 Spacingbetweenracks:4 (3minimum) Distancetostreetfurnitureandobstructions:4

    Recommendedpedestrianclearance:8 Minimumdistancefromentrancebuilding:50

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  • Sidewalk Bike Racks and ADA

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  • Facilities maintenance best practices

    Short-term Parking: Use spike anchors

    (tamper-proof) Inspect racks/anchors for

    damage Method for

    repainting/touch-ups Abandoned bike removal

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  • Facilities maintenance best practices

    Long-term Parking: Check functioning of

    moving parts Change keys or codes

    periodically Check condition of

    enclosures Security lighting and

    cameras are working

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  • Policies and Codes

    Recommended parking policy or code should Specify number of bike spaces by land use Require long-term parking for all workplaces,

    transit stations and multi-unit residential Require adequate short-term parking for other

    land uses Provide site planning requirements Provide rack/locker design requirements

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  • Requirements - Residential

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  • Requirements Civic

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  • Requirements Civic (cont)

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  • Requirements - Commercial

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  • Requirements - Industrial

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  • Bicycle Parking Programs

    Develop Fixture Specifications Identify Locations Install Fixtures (racks) Maintain Repeat (ongoing)

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  • Develop Specifications

    Rack designs Materials Finishes

    Placement guidance Agency buy-in

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  • Identify Locations Request-based

    Mail-in cards Online

    Land use-based Transit Schools Parks

    Visible demand

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  • Identify Locations

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  • Install Fixtures

    Either: In-house Contractor

    RFP(s) for racks and installation

    Install Inspect

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  • Maintain

    Remove abandoned bikes Replace damaged racks Replace loose anchors Maintain finishes, if needed

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  • Celebrate!

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  • In-Street Bike Parking

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  • In-street bicycle parking Removes bicycles from

    pedestrian sidewalks Increases overall

    parking capacity (1 car space = 8-12 bikes)

    Increases visibility of cycling

    Improves sightlines at corners

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  • Selecting locations Cyclist safety

    Setback from travel lanes Low speed limit Low truck or bus traffic Low parking turnover

    Adjacent land use (sidewalk caf?)

    Side Street? Traffic Operations

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  • Design best practices Parallel or Diag Space Locate Parking Spaces Rack Placement

    Perpendicular for wide streets

    Angled racks for narrow streets

    Basic bike racks (example: inverted U)

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  • Design best practicesMinimum $:

    Demarcate areaMore $$:

    Rubber curb, reflectors, delineators, temporary planters

    Highest $$$: Expensive bollards, concrete pad, permanent planters

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  • Design best practices

    Convenient circulation/access

    Visibility: signage Costs vary widely

    Low end: $1,000 High end: $50,000

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  • Short-term rack layout On-street parking (8ft. wide)

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  • Short-term rack layout On-street parking (6.5 ft. wide)

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  • On-street parking (diagonal)

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  • Berkeley, CA

    Diagonal Parking: In-street bike parking delineated by pavement markings or rubber curbing on asphalt

    Parallel Parking: In-street bike parking delineated by heavy-duty architectural bollards on concrete pad

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  • Montreal

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  • MontrealMontreal

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  • Arlington, Virginia

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  • Baltimore, Maryland

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  • Chico, California

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  • Columbia, Missouri

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  • PaloAlto,CA HamiltonAve

    http://www.bicyclesolutions.com/BikeRacksOnStreet/PaloAlto_HamiltonAve.jpg

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  • Seattle, Washington

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  • Seattle, Washington

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  • Santa Cruz, Pacific Ave

    http://www.bicyclesolutions.com/BikeRacksOnStreet/SantaCruz_PacificAv_OnStRacks01.JPG

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  • San Luis Obispo, California

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  • San Francisco, CAPublic Library Main Branch

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  • Warrington, UK

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  • Brussels, Belgium

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  • Copenhagen

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  • Implementation -making it happen

    Adopt design guidelines (Best Practices) Create city policies (maintenance and liability) Business community outreach - identify locations Identify funding Carefully choose pilot locations which will

    succeed

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  • Implementation making it happen

    Document success/failure Getting used? How much? (bike counts) Survey cyclists Survey patrons of business district Survey business owners

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  • Next up in series:

    March 13 - Transit Systems

    April 10 - Colleges and Employment Centers

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