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FRENCH & INDIAN WAR

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FRENCH & INDIAN WAR. COMPETING FOR AN EMPIRE. WHO WAS THE BIGGEST THREAT TO BRITAIN’S EMPIRE?. WHO HAD A BETTER CLAIM TO THE REGION?. WHAT CAUSED THIS RIVALRY?. FUR TRADE. OHIO COMPANY WAS SELLING LAND. MARQUIS DUQUESNE. NATIVE AMERICAN ALLIANCES. IROQUOIS. ALGONQUIN. OPENING SHOTS. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of FRENCH & INDIAN WAR

  • FRENCH & INDIAN WAR

  • WHO WAS THE BIGGEST THREAT TO BRITAINS EMPIRE?WHO HAD A BETTER CLAIM TO THE REGION?

  • FUR TRADE OHIO COMPANY WAS SELLING LAND

  • MARQUIS DUQUESNE

  • 1753-Gov. Robert Dinwiddie sends George Washington 1754-Virginia Legislature gives money to build fort at confluence of Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio Rivers English driven off and French complete fort-call it Fort Duquesne

  • WASHINGTON ATTACKS FRENCH SCOUTING PARTYFORT NECESSITY-WHAT DOES THIS PHOTO SHOW YOU ABOUT THE LOCATION?THE ONLY TIME WASHINGTON SURRENDERED IN HIS CAREER

  • BEN FRANKLIN PRESIDENT-GENERAL ELECTED ASSEMBLY FAILED BECAUSE COLONIAL ASSEMBLIES DID NOT WANT TO GIVE UP POWERFIRST TIME COLONIES SHOW COOPERATION

  • FRANCE ENGLAND * SINGLE GOVERNMENT * LARGER POPULATIONMORE INDIAN ALLIES * SMALLER LAND AREA TO DEFEND* MORE SOLDIERS * STRONG NAVY* FIGHTING TACTICS * REASON TO FIGHT

  • JULY 9, 1755 GENERAL EDWARD BRADDOCK NICKNAMED BULLDOG 1900 MEN 977 MEN KILLED OR WOUNDED

  • WHY DID THE BRITISH LOSE?30 CANNONMARCHING CONTINENTAL STYLEFRENCH FIGHTING TACTICS

  • AUG. 14, 1756 THREATENED FORT NIAGARA 700 SURVIVORS MASSACRED

  • AUG. 2-9, 1757http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-a8YogdB1Qk

  • WILLIAM PITT SENT BEST GENERALSPAID HIGH PRICES FOR COLONIAL GOODS

  • BRITISH39 WARSHIPS, HALF SHIPS-OF-THE-LINE 23,000 MEN, REDCOATS AND HIGHLANDERS COMMANDERJEFFREY AMHERST FRENCH10 WARSHIPS 800 CANNON 7,600 MEN

  • SEIGE OF LOUISBOURGFOG DELAYS ATTACKJUNE 8TH WOLFE LANDS FORCESJUNE 12TH WOLFE ENCIRCLES FORTJULY 25TH-FRENCH SHIPS DESTROYEDSECRET WEAPONJULY 26TH-LOUISBOURG FALLS

  • CHIEF SUPPLY BASE ON GREAT LAKES AND OHIO RIVERLT. COL. JOHN BRADSTREET & 3,000 MENFORT WAS UNDERMANNEDCAPTURED 76 CANNON, 10,000 BARRELS OF FOOD, FURS AND 9 WARSHIPS (KEPT 2)OPENED THE WAY TO ATTACK MONTREAL

  • GEN. JOHN FORBES 6,500 MENBUILT NEW ROAD-SLOWMAJOR JAMES GRANT WENT AHEAD TO ACCESS FRENCH STRENGTHNOV. 24-FRENCH LEAVE FORT AND BURN IT NOV. 25-BRITISH MOVE INFIND HIGHLANDERS HEADS ON STAKESREBUILD FORT AND NAME IT FORT PITT

  • JULY 25TH, 1759SECURED THE OHIO VALLEY

  • JUNE 26, 1759GEN. JAMES WOLFE49 SHIPS-OF-LINE200 SUPPORT SHIPS16,000 TROOPSSET UP ARTILLARY 1 MILE BELOW THE FORTBOMBARDMENT

  • QUEBEC SAT ON TOP OF A 200 FOOT CLIFF WITH THE RIVER BELOW MONTCALM COULD WAIT OUT WOLFE

  • BOTH SIDES ROAMED THE WOODS KILLING, SCALPING, AND MUTILATING ONE ANOTHERWOLFE BEGAN DESTROYING FARMS AND VILLAGES TO DRAW MONTCALM OUTJULY 30THWOLFE ORDERS AN ATTACK BELOW QUEBEC TO DRAW MONTCALM OUTFAILS443 KILLED, WOUNDED OR MISSING

  • IN AUGUST SPOTTED SEVERAL WOMEN WASHING CLOTHS ON THE ROCKS BELOW QUEBECUSED AN OVERGROWN PATH TO REACH THE PLAINS OF ABRAHAM OUTSIDE QUEBEC

  • SCALING THE CLIFFS SEPT. 13, 1759 CLIMBED ALL NIGHT AND IN THE MORNING WAS POSITIONED ON THE PLAINS OF ABRAHAM

  • THE BATTLE FRENCH MOVE FIRST MARCHING IN 3 LINES WITH SHARPSHOOTERS ON THE FLANKS AS A SOLDIER FALLS ANOTHER TAKES HIS PLACE WOLFE IS HIT BY A MUSKETBALL SHATTERING HIS WRIST HE IS WOUNDED A SECOND TIME WHEN A SHELL FRAGMENT RIPS THROUGH HIS STOMACH

  • TIDE OF BATTLE TURNSAT 40 YARDS THE BRITISH OPEN FIRE WITH DOUBLE BALLSBRITISH FIX BAYONETS AND CHARGEFRENCH RETREAT AND FRENCH CANADIANS AND INDIANS ARE MASSACRED

  • WOLFE DIES WHEN A MUSKET BALL RIPS THROUGH HIS STOMACH PUNCTURING BOTH LUNGSMONTCALM IS HIT IN THE STOMACH BY A MUSKET BALL AND DIES AT MIDNIGHT

  • THE BATTLE ONLY LASTED A LITTLE OVER AN HOUR THE FRENCH SURRENDERED ON SEPT 18, 1759 BOTH SIDES HAD ABOUT THE SAME CASUALTIESOVER 600 ON SEPT. 8, 1760 JEFFREY AMHERST CAPTURES MONTREAL ENDING THE WAR

  • SIGNED ON FEB. 10, 1763BRITAIN GAINS ALL OF CANADABRITAIN GAINS LAND BETWEEN THE APPALACHIAN MTS. AND MISSISSIPPI RIVERBRITAIN GAINED FLORIDA FROM SPAINSPAIN GETS NEW ORLEANS AND LOUISIANA FROM FRANCE