FREUD & PSYCHOANALYSIS

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FREUD & PSYCHOANALYSIS. IS PSYCHOANALYSIS REALLY THAT INFLUENCIAL? MAJOR INFLUENCES ON FREUD’S THINKING KEY NOTIONS IN PSYCHOANALYSIS PSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINISM CONFLICT UNCONSCIOUS PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES STRUCTURE OF PERSONALITY ID, EGO, SUPEREGO ANXIETY & DEFENSE MECHANISMS. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • FREUD & PSYCHOANALYSISIS PSYCHOANALYSIS REALLY THAT INFLUENCIAL?

    MAJOR INFLUENCES ON FREUDS THINKING

    KEY NOTIONS IN PSYCHOANALYSISPSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINISMCONFLICTUNCONSCIOUS

    PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES

    STRUCTURE OF PERSONALITY ID, EGO, SUPEREGO

    ANXIETY & DEFENSE MECHANISMS

  • PSYCHOANALYSIS = the single most influential school of thought of the XX century

  • Surrealism -- Salvador Dali (1904-1989)PSYCHOANALYSIS AND THE ARTS

  • Buuel (1900-1983) --Un Chien AndalouA man. A woman. A knife. An eye. A moon. A cloud. The man slices open the woman's eye as a cloud slices across the moon.

  • PSYCHOANALYSIS AND LITERATUREBroken Glass by (UM alumnus)Arthur MillerSet in 1938, during the rise of Nazism and government-sanctified anti-Semitism, a Brooklyn couple are forced to deal with the wife's psychosomatic paralysis. This affliction could exist for many disparate reasons, such as the couple's bitter marriage, her husband's futile attempted assimilation into the Gentile world, her obsessionwith Hitler's assault on German Jews, or just as a plea for attention. It is up to the couple's doctor to discover the root of this illness.

  • Question for the class:

    In your view, why were Freuds ideas and psychoanalysis so shocking to society?

  • Freuds view of the human psyche as ridden by unconscious and uncontrollable forces of sexual origin.

  • MAJOR INFLUENCES ON FREUDS THINKING:

    3 historical phenomena2 relationships

  • ROMANTICISMCelebration of the emotional and irrational aspects of human nature Delacroix (1798-1863)

  • RATIONALISM & EMPIRICISMProviding a scientific account for all phenomena

    Ramon y Cajal (1852-1934)

  • RATIONALISM & EMPIRICISMProviding a scientific account for all phenomena

    e.g., providing a scientific explanation for hysteria? (paralysis with no apparent physical cause)

    FREUDS MECHANISTIC VIEW OF THE MINDmind = machine that uses psychological energy; this energy can only be displaced or transformed (never destroyed)

  • WW1Self-destruction as part of human nature

  • CHARCOT (1825-1893)Hypnosis as a research method and therapeutic tool Hysteria: paralysis with no apparent physical cause

  • BREUER (1842-1925)Talking-cure: unstructured talk about fantasies, dreams, symptoms, fears ---> release of psychic energy

  • KEY NOTIONS IN PSYCHOANALYSIS

    PSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINISM

    CONFLICT

    UNCONSCIOUS

  • There is not such thing as random behavior; all our acts are determined by internal forces (wishes, fears) related to two basic instincts

    INSTINCTS: LIFE (libido) & DEATH (aggression)Mental representation of a biological need; Energy of the psyche

    MENTAL ENERGYBiological need Increase in Psychological need Socially acceptable (e.g., sex) tension/arousal -INSTINCT- expression(e.g., sexual dream)

    PSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINISM

  • CONFLICT

    Our lives are a constant negotiation of opposing impulses (desire/fear; love/hate)

    Such conflicts produce anxiety (realistic, neurotic, moral)

  • TOPOGRAPHIC MODEL OF THE MINDUNCONSCIOUS

  • FREUDS PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES

    Personality development is very much influenced by sexual development

    STAGES: Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital

    (see textbook for this topic)

  • STRUCTURE OF PERSONALITYDifferent personalities result from the different interactions among these structures (which compete with each other for the psych energy available).

    ID EGO SUPEREGO

    ORIGINSPresent at birthDevelops fromDevelops from society &

    life experience parental standards

    AWARENESS?UnconsciousBothBoth

    CONTENTInstinctsReasoningMoral imperatives &

    Ideal Self

    NATUREBiological Psychological Social

    GUIDINGPleasure PrincipleReality PrincipleGuilt

    PRINCIPLE

  • Question for the class:

    Main difference between Ego and Superego?

  • Ego: guided by reality, postpones but does not prohibit (is pragmatic, rational)

    Superego: guided by morality, inhibits (is moralistic, perfectionist)

  • TOPOGRAPHIC MODEL OF THE MINDTOPOGRAPHICAL MODEL OF THE MIND

  • ANXIETY & DEFENSE MECHANISMS

  • EGOS DEFENSE MECHANISMS

    it= ANXIETY PROVOKING, UNACCEPTABLE THOUGHT OR IMPULSE

    DENIAL: refusal to acknowledge its existenceREPRESSION: pushing it out of awareness

  • EGOS DEFENSE MECHANISMS

    it= ANXIETY PROVOKING, UNACCEPTABLE THOUGHT OR IMPULSE

    DENIAL: refusal to acknowledge its existenceREPRESSION: pushing it out of awareness

    PROJECTION: attributing it to someone elseREACTION FORMATION: overemphasizing its oppositeREGRESSION: retreating to an earlier (immature) stage of developmentIDENTIFICATION: identifying oneself with a feared personRATIONALIZATION: giving excuses for itINTELLECTUALIZATION: distancing oneself from it by studying it

  • EGOS DEFENSE MECHANISMS

    it= ANXIETY PROVOKING, UNACCEPTABLE THOUGHT OR IMPULSE

    DENIAL: refusal to acknowledge its existenceREPRESSION: pushing it out of awareness

    PROJECTION: attributing it to someone elseREACTION FORMATION: overemphasizing its oppositeREGRESSION: retreating to an earlier (immature) stage of developmentIDENTIFICATION: identifying oneself with a feared personRATIONALIZATION: giving excuses for itINTELLECTUALIZATION: distancing oneself from it by studying it

    DISPLACEMENT: shifting it to a nonthreating, neutral objectSUBLIMATION: displacement that is productive, socially useful

  • POSSIBLE TOPIC FOR EXTRA-CREDIT PAPER

    Modern and empirical work on Egos functioning:

    EGO-CONTROL & EGO-RESILIENCEJack & Jeanne Block (1980)

  • CLASSIFICATION OF DEFENSE MECHANISMS

    Hysteria groupingObsessive grouping

    (Table 3.3 in the textbook)