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    Sultan Baz Bahadur ever so fond of music, was the last independent ruler of Mandu

    from 1555 to 1562. One day on a hunting expedition he heard a melodious voice,

    he met the beautiful hindu singer Roopmati at Sarangpur. At first sight, Baz

    Bahadur and Roopmati fell in love with each other.

    He requested Roopmati to accompany him to his capital. Roopmati agreed to go to

    Mandu on the condition that she would live in a palace within sight of her beloved

    and venerated river Narmada. So, he built a palace(Rani Roopmati pavilion).

    They were married according to muslim and hindu rites, but did not live happily

    ever after. When Akbar heard of Roopmati's beauty, he sent Adhamkhan with army

    to Mandu to capture her and the long-coveted fort. Baz Bahadur fled to Chittorgarh

    to seek help. To save herself from enemy Rani Roopmati poisoned herself to death.

    After, Baz Bahadur took his last breath at Rani Roopmatis tomb in Sarangpur.

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    Mandu(Mandavgarh) is one of the most fascinating places in India, perched along the

    Vindhya ranges at an altitude of 2,000 feet above the sea level. It is said that

    Mandu-fort is the biggest fort in the world, with a circumference of forty miles.

    It is 4000 years old. It had 60 lakes and 700 temples within the fort area.

    In 56 b.c. Mandu was founded by King Vikramaditya. It was the ancient capital of the

    Malwa kingdom, ruled by several successive hindu and muslim dynasties Mauryas,

    Sakas, Harsha, Rajputs, Bhoja, Parmars, Ghauris, Khiljis, Mughals and Marathas.

    In 1401 Dilawar Khan Ghauri set up Mandu as an independent kingdom. He renamed

    Mandu as Shadiabad(City of Joy). It became the pleasure resort of the Sultans ofMalwa.

    In 1534, Humayun defeated Bahadurshah. After the death of Shershahsuri, Sujatkhan

    captured the Malwa and was succeeded by his son Bayazid Ali(well known as Baz

    Bahadur). Akbar visited Mandu twice and destroyed many buildings, but his sonJahangeer, who succeeded him, restored some. After the Mughals, the Marathas claimed

    the city.

    In 19th century, in the time of British rule under the Lord Curzon some preservation

    works were undertaken. However, with the fall of the empire, trade moved out and

    Mandu fell to ruins.

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    Sultan Ghyas-Ud-Din under whom the arts flourished in Mandu. He was the

    builder of some of the most beautiful monuments of Mandu like the impressive

    Jahaz Mahal in 15th Century. He was known for his pursuit of amusement and his

    harem(ladies-quarters) is thought to have consisted of 15,000 women. He also had

    female bodyguards that consisted of about 500 women dressed in mens clothing.

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    All information is based on different sources.