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Ǒहदȣ मȡकयण 1 Ǒहदȣ मȡकयण Ǒहदȣ मȡकयण__________________________________________________________________ 1 मȡकयण फȪध तथȡ यचनȡ_______________________________________________________________ 3 ǒिषमȡनǕभǔणकȡ_____________________________________________________________________ 3 अमȡम 1 ___________________________________________________________________________ 5 1.बȡषȡ, मȡकयण औय फȪरȢ ___________________________________________________________ 5 अमȡम 2 ___________________________________________________________________________ 7 िǒिचȡय ________________________________________________________________________ 7 अमȡम 3 __________________________________________________________________________ 11 शद ǒिचȡय ______________________________________________________________________ 11 अमȡम 4 __________________________________________________________________________ 14 ऩद ǒिचȡय _______________________________________________________________________ 14 अमȡम 5 __________________________________________________________________________ 17 सȲऻȡकȯ ǒिकȡयक ति ______________________________________________________________ 17 अमȡम 6 __________________________________________________________________________ 22 िचन ___________________________________________________________________________ 22 अमȡम 7 __________________________________________________________________________ 27 कȡयक___________________________________________________________________________ 27 अमȡम 7 __________________________________________________________________________ 30 कȡयक___________________________________________________________________________ 30 अमȡम 8 __________________________________________________________________________ 33 सिणनȡभ _________________________________________________________________________ 33 अमȡम 9 __________________________________________________________________________ 35 ǒिशȯषण _________________________________________________________________________ 35 अमȡम 10 _________________________________________________________________________ 41

Hindi Vyakaran in Hindi

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Hindi Vyakaran or Grammar in Hindi

Text of Hindi Vyakaran in Hindi

1

__________________________________________________________________ 1 _______________________________________________________________ 3 _____________________________________________________________________ 3 1 ___________________________________________________________________________ 5 1., ___________________________________________________________ 5 2 ___________________________________________________________________________ 7 ________________________________________________________________________ 7 3 __________________________________________________________________________ 11 ______________________________________________________________________ 11 4 __________________________________________________________________________ 14 _______________________________________________________________________ 14 5 __________________________________________________________________________ 17 ______________________________________________________________ 17 6 __________________________________________________________________________ 22 ___________________________________________________________________________ 22 7 __________________________________________________________________________ 27 ___________________________________________________________________________ 27 7 __________________________________________________________________________ 30 ___________________________________________________________________________ 30 8 __________________________________________________________________________ 33 _________________________________________________________________________ 33 9 __________________________________________________________________________ 35 _________________________________________________________________________ 35 10 _________________________________________________________________________ 41

2

___________________________________________________________________________ 41 11 _________________________________________________________________________ 44 ____________________________________________________________________________ 44 12 _________________________________________________________________________ 47 ___________________________________________________________________________ 47 13 _________________________________________________________________________ 49 ____________________________________________________________________ 49 14 _________________________________________________________________________ 51 _________________________________________________________________ 51 15 _________________________________________________________________________ 52 ______________________________________________________________ 52 16 _________________________________________________________________________ 53 ____________________________________________________________ 53 17 _________________________________________________________________________ 54 _______________________________________________________________________ 54 18 _________________________________________________________________________ 58 __________________________________________________________________________ 58 19 _________________________________________________________________________ 62 ____________________________________________________________________________ 62 20 _________________________________________________________________________ 66 __________________________________________________________________________ 66 21 _________________________________________________________________________ 71 ______________________________________________________________________ 71 22 _________________________________________________________________________ 71 _______________________________________________________________________ 71 23 _________________________________________________________________________ 89 ______________________________________________________________________ 89

3

24 _________________________________________________________________________ 90 _____________________________________________________________________ 90 25 _________________________________________________________________________ 97 ___________________________________________________________ 97 26 _________________________________________________________________________ 99 _____________________________________________________________ 99 REFERENCE _______________________________________________________________________ 109

-

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. ,

7. 8. 9.

4

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23.

24. 25. 26. 27. 28. - 29. - 30. 31.

5

11.,

- , , , , -, ,, ,,, , ,

- 1. 2. -

-

6

- - , -, - - 1. - 2. - 3. - 4. , ,

7

- , -

2 - -, , , , , , , 44 1. 2. , , , , , , , , , , 1. 2. 3. 1. -- - , , ,

2.

8

- , , , , , , - 3. () ()

9

33 1. 2. 3. 1. - - - -

- ( ) - 2. 3. , - - -= + , = + , = + ,

() =, =, = (:) -,

10

() - , 11 33 , , 48 () - - 1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

11

3 - ,, , , , - () - () 1. 2. 3. 1. , -, , , , 2. , = +, =+, =+, = + - - () () -,

3.

12

, , , -, =+ ( ) () () - 1. - -, , , , 2. - - (), (), (), () 3. - -, , , , 4. - -, , , ,, , , - , , , , , , , , , , , - ,, , , , , , , , , , , , - , , , , , , , - , , , , - , , , - , , , - - , , , , , , , , , , - , , , , , , , , , , ,

- 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. - 6. 7. 8. 1. 2. 1.

13

- -, , , , , , , , , 2. -, , , , -, , - 1. 2.

1.

14

-- -, , , 2. --, -, - , , -

4 - , 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. , , , , -, , , - 1. 2. 3.

1. , , , - , , , , , 2.

15

-, , , , , , , , , , , , , 3. , -, -, , , , , - 1. 2. 1. , -, , , , 2. - , -, , , ,, , , , , , - 1.

, 2. , , , 3. , ,

16

4. , - - - - - -

17

5 (, , ) , - - 1., 2., 3., 4.- - - , -, , ,

1. 2. 1.

18

-, , , , , 2. -, , , , , 1. , , , - , , , - , , , , , , () 4. -, , , , , , 5. -, , , , , 6. -, , , 7. -, , , , , , , , , , , 8. , -, , , , , , , , 9. -,,,,,,,, ,,,,,, 2. , , -, , 3. -, , , , , ,

19

1. , -, , , , , , 2. , , , -, , , , 3. , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , 4. , -, , , , 5. -, , 6. -, , , 7. -, , , 8. 9. -, , -

20

()

21

-

22

6- 1. 2. , -, , , , , , , , , , -, ,

, , , , , , , , , ,

() (1) (2) (3)

23

() (1) , (2) () , , , , , , , , , , (1) (2) () - (1) , (2) () , , , , , (1) (2) () (1) (2) (1)

24

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

25

(6) ,

26

(7) , , , ,

(8)

- (1) , ,

27

(2) -

! ! !

7- - () 1. 2. 3. , , 4. , 5. () 6. , , 7. , 8. ! ! , - , , , ,

, , , , , , ! ! ! ,

28

- () , - , , 1. () - 1. 2. -

- (1) ( ) - (2) - (3) - () () () () 2. , - - 1. 2.

3.

29

- - 1. 2.

4. - , 1. 2. 5. - - 1. 2. 6. 2. 7.

, , , , , - 1.

30

- , - 1. 2. .. 8. (!) - 1. ! ? 2. ! !

7- - () 1. 2. 3. , , 4. , 5. () 6. , , 7. , 8. ! ! - , , , ,

, , , , , , , ! ! ! ,

31

- () , - , , 1. () - 1. 2. -

- (1) ( ) - (2) - (3) - () () () () 2. , - - 1. 2.

3.

32

- - 1. 2.

4. - , 1. 2. 5. - - 1. 2. 6. 2. 7.

, , , , , - 1.

33

- , - 1. 2. .. 8. (!) - 1. ! ? 2. ! !

8- -, , , , , , , , , 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. (1) - , -, , , -

34

(2) - , -, ,, (3) - , , , , , , 2. , , , 3. 4. - - 5. , -, , 6.

, , , , , -

35

, ( ) - - (1) , , , , , (2) -

9 - (, , , ) -, , , , , , , -, , - - , - (1) - (2) , - (1) (2) - 1. 2. 3. 4. 1.

- (1) - , , , , (2) - , , , , , ,

36

(3) - , , , , , , , , , , , (4) - , , , , (5) - , , , , (6) - , , , , , , (7) - , , , , , ,, , (8) - , , , 2. - (1) - () () () () - () () - 3. -, , , , , (1) - (2) -

- () - (1) (2) (3) (4) () - (1) (2) (3) (4) () - (1) (2) (1) (2)

37

() -

(2) - - 4. ( ) - , (1) - - 2. -

38

(2) - - - - - - - (1) (2) (3) (1) - 1. 2. 3. (2) - - 1. 2. (3) 2. - ,

- 1.

39

(1) , , (2) ,

, , (1)

,

40

() ()

41

(2)

(3)

10- - (1) (2) (4) (5) , , - , -, , , , , , , , - (3)

(1) (2) 1. (1) (2) (3)

42

- , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , 2. ( ) , (1) (2) (3) (4) 3. - , (1) (2) 1. - 1.

2. 2. - - 1. 2.

43

3. - , -, , , , , 4. - - (1) - (2) - - , 5. -

- - (1) (2) -

44

11 () 1. 2. 3. 1. () (1) (2) (3) , , , , 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. - , (1) (2)

(3)

45

2. - - , (1) (2) (3) 3. - , (1) (2) (3) 4. - (1) (2) (3) 5. - (1) (2) (3) 6. - (2) 2. (1) (2) , , , (1)

(1) (2) (3) 1. - (1) (2) (3)

46

2. - , (1) (2) (3) 3. - (1) (2) 3. - (1) (2) , 1. 2. 1. - (1) (2) 2. -

(1) (2) (3)

47

12- , , , 1. 2. 3. 1.- ( ) , 1. 2. , , 2.- 1.- 2. 3. 4. - , 3.- ( )

48

, 1. 2. 3. 1. - , 1. 2. , , , 2. - , - 1. 2. 3. , , , , 3. - , 1. 2. 3. 4. ,

49

, , 1. (1) (2) - , , (3) 1. 2. 3. ( ) 2. (1) (2) (3) (4) 1. 2. 3.

13 -- - - 1. 2. 3. ,

- - 1. - 2. - 3. - 4. - 1. -- - - , , , , ,

50

- , , , , , , , , , , , , -, 2. -- - - - , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , 3. -- - -, , , , , , , , , , -, , , , - -, , 4. -- - , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , - , , , , , , , , , ,

51

14 - 2. 3. 4. , , , 1. - , , , 2. - , , , , 3. - , , , 4. - , , 5. - , , 6. - , , , , 7. - , , , 8. - , , 9. - , , 10. - , , - - (1) ( ) (2) ( ) , - 1.

52

15 - , (1) (2) (3) (4) , , , 1. 2. 1. , - 1. 2. , - () () () () () - , , , () - , -, , ,

() - -, , , , ,

53

() - -, , , , , , 2. - () () () () () - - , , , , () - , - ...., ..., ...., ... () - - , , () - -, , ,

16 - , , , , , 1. ! 2. ! 3. ! ?

4. ! ? 5.- !

54

, , , - -, - (!) (1) - ! !, - !, ! ! ! (2) - !, !, - !, , - !, ! (3) - !, !, !, , ! (4) - !, !, , !, !, ! (6) - !, !, !, !, !, !, ! (7) - !, ! (5) - - !, !, !, !, !

17 -- - -- -- -- - - - - 1. 2. 3. 4.

, --, , , , () () () () () () , , , , , , , , , , , , , - , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

55

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

56

() () , - , , , , , , , , , , , ,

() () , - , , , , , , , , , , , ,

, , , , , , , , , , , ,

57

() ( ) ( ) () , - , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

58

18- 1. 2. 1. ( +) -+=, +=, += () - , - - , , , , - , , , , , , , , , -, = =

, , , , , , , ,

() - - , () - -

- , , , - , , , ,

59

() - - - , , ,, , , , - , , , , ,

() - - , - , , , , , - , , , ,

2. , -+=, += () - - ,

- , , , , , , , , , , , - , , , , , ,

60

, , , ,

() - -, , , - , , , , , , , , - , , , ,

() - -, , - , , - ,, , ,

() () - - , - , , , , , - , , , ,

() - -, , - , , -

,

61

() - - - -, -, - - ,

() - -, , - , , , , , , - , , , , ,

() - . -, , - , , , - ,

- -, , - , --, -, -

62

19- () - += + = += 1. 2. 3. 1. () - += - () , , , , , , () += +=, +=-+= += += +=-+= () +=- + =, + = +=- += += +=- + = + = () +=- += += +=- += += +=- += += +=- += += +=- += += -

()

63

, , , , , - () +=- + = +=- += +=- + = += += () += + = += += += += += += () += += () += += () , () += += += += += += += += () += += += += += += += += () () , ()

() , ()

- += + += += + +=

+= + += += + += () += + += += + += += + += +=+ += ,

() - , , () += + ++ () += + += += + +=

() += + += () += + +=

2.

64

- += () , , , , -

, , , , , += += += += += += += += ++ += () ( , , , , ) += += += += + = += += += += += () , , , , , , , , += += += += += += += += += +=

() , , , += += += += += += += +=

+= += += += () + = += += += += +=

() += += += += += += -

() += + = += +=

+= + = += + =

65

() + = += += += += += += += += += += += += += ()

+= += += += -

() , , , , , , , += += += += += += += += += +=

+= += += +=

() ,, , , , += += += +=

() , + = += += ++ 3. - (:) -+= () , , , , , += += += () , , , , , , , , += += +=

66

() , += += += () += += +=

() , , , , , , += += += () , += += () , , +=

20 - - () - -- - -- - () -

1. 2. 3. 4. 1.

67

- ( ), ( ) - -, - - , - , - -, - - , - - , - - , - - - 2. - = () - (1) (2) (3) (4)

(5) (6) () - -

68

()

69

- - -

()

()

() - ()

3. , , , , - - -

- -

70

-

4. - () () () ( ) ()

+= --= - - - -+= -=

71

21 -- - - () - 1.- , , , , 2.- , , , , , ( ) 3.- , , , , , , , 4.- , , 5.-- , 6.- , 7.- , , 8.- -

22 1. - - 1.- , , ,

2.- , , , 3.- , , , 4.- , , , 5.- , , , , 6.- , , , 7.- , , , 8. - , , , 9.- , , , 10.- , , , , 11.- , , , 12.- , , , 13.- , , , , 14.- , , , , 15.- , , , , 17.- , , , 18.- , , , 19.- , , , 20.-, , , 21.- , , , , , 22.- , , , 23.- , , , 24.- , , , , 25.- , , , 26.- , , , 27.- , , , 28.- , , , 29.- , , , 30.- , , , 31.- , , , , 32.- , , , 33.- , , , , 2. 16.- , , ,

72

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 () -- () ,

73

, ,

26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 -

74

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75

75

()

76 77 78 79 80 -

76

818 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98

3. ( )

,

77

78

79

4. 1. - - - - - 2. - - - 3. - - 4. - - - - , - 5. - - -

- 6. - - 7. - - - - - 8. - - 9. - - - - 10. - -

- - 11. - , - - - , 12. - , , , - , , - - 13. - - - 14. - - - - 15. - - - - 16. - - 17. - - - 18. - - - 5. 1. = =, 2. =, =, 3. =

80

= = 5. = = 6. = = 7. = =, 8. =, = 9. = = 10. = = 11. = = 12. = = 13. = = 14. = = 15. = = 16. =- = - 17. = =, 18. = = 19. = = 20. =,

81

4. =

= 21. = = 22. = = 23. = = 24. =, = 25. = = 26. = = 27. = = 28. = = 29. = = 30. = =, 31. =, = 32. = =, 33. = = 34. = = 35. = = 36. = =, 37. =, =

82

38. = = 39. = = 40. = = 41. = = 42. = = 43. = = 44. = = = 46. = = 47. = = 48. = = 49. = = 50. = = 51. = = 52. = = 53. = = 54. = = 45. =

83

55. = = 56. = = 57. = = 58. = = 59. = = 60. = = 61. = = 62. = = 63. = = 64. = = 65. = =, 66. = = 67. = = 68. = = 69. = = 70. = = 71. =

84

= 72. = = 73. = = 74. = = 75. = = 76. = = 77. = = 78. = = 79. = = 80. = = 81. = = 82. = = 83. = = 6. 1. = , , , 2. = , , , 3. = , , 4. = , , , 5. = , , 6. = , , , ,

85

7. = , , , , 8. = , , , 9. = , , , , 10. = , , , , , 11. = , , , , , , 12. = , , 13. = , , , 14. = , , , 15. = , , , 16. = , , , , 17. = , , 18. = , , , 19. = , 20. = , ,

86

21. = , , , , , , , , , , , , 22. = , , , , , , 23. = , , , 24. = , , , , 25. = , , , , , , , , , , , , , , 7. - ( ) - - -

-

87

8. -

9.

88

89

23 -- , , - 1. (,)- , -, -, - 2. (;)- - - ; 3. ()- - - 4. (!)- , , , - - ! ! ! 5. (?)- - ? ? 6. ()- () , - - () () (1) , (2) , (3) , (4) - -( ) ! 7. (-)- - , , , , , -, ,

- --, , , , - , - ! -

90

8. ( )- - , - - , , , 9. (:- )- - - : (1) , (2) , (3) , (4) , (5) 10. (-)- , --, -, -, - 11. (.)-

-=., =., =.

24 - - - 1. 2. - 3. - 1. 2. 1. - 4. ! 5.

1. 2. 3.

91

, , ; 2. - , () 1. 2. 3. , , , , , - 1. 2. - (1) - (2) - (3) - (4) -- () - - (5) - (1) - (2) - (3) - - - , ,- () , ,

92

- -, - - - 1. 2. 3. 1. () , - 1. 2. 3. - - - 2. (, , , ) , (1) - - (2) - - (3) - - (4) -

-

93

3. - (1) (2) , , (1) (2) (3) - 1. - - , 2. - - 3. - - - - -

- - (1)

1.

94

2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. (3) 1. 3. 4. - 1. 2. (4) 2. (2) -

3. ?

95

4. 5. , - - - - 1. 2. 3. , , 1. - - 2. - - 3. 1. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 5. 2. - -

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

96

1. - - 2. - - 3. - 5. - - 6. - - 7. - - 8. - - ! 4. - -

97

25 (1) - 1. 2. 3. 4. - - 5. (2) 1. 2. 3. 4. (3) - 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. (4) 1. 2. 3. 4. (5) 5.

1. 2. 3. (6) - 1. 2. 3. (7) - 1. ? ? 2. 3. 4. , 5. ? ? (8) -

98

4. -

1. 2. 3. 4. (9) -- 1. 2. 3. . 4.

99

26 - - - , - - 1. 1. - ( ) ,

2. - -( )- - 4. - -( )- - 2. - 1. -()-

3. - -( )- -

2. -( )-- 3. ( )- 4. -(- )- - , 3. -

1. -( )- ,

100

2. -( )- 3. -( )- 4. -()- 5. -( )- , , 6. -( )- 7. -( )- 8. -( )- 9. -( )- 10. -( ,- )- 11. -()- 12. -( )- 13. -( )- 14. -( )- 15. -( )- , 17. -( )- 4. - 1. -( )- 16. -( )-

2. -( )-

101

3. -( )- 4. -( )- - 5. -( )- , 6. -( )- 5. - 1. -( )- 2. -( )- - 4. -( )- , 6. - 1. -( )- 2. -( )- 3. -( )- , 4. -( )- , 5. -( )- 7. - 5. -( )- , 3. -( )-

102

1. -( )- 2. -( )- 3. -( )- , 4. -( )- , 5. -( )- , 6. -( )- 7. -( )- 8. -( )- 8. - 1. -( )- ? 2. -( )- 3. -(, )- - 9. - 1. -( )- 2. -( )-

9. -( )- 10. -( )- -

103

3. -( )- , 10. - 1. -( )- 2. -( )- 3. -( )- 11. - 1. -( )- 2. -( )- , ! ? ? 4. - -( )- - 5. -( )- 12. - 1. -(- )- 2. -( )- 3. -( )- , 4. -( )- 3. -(- )- , 4. -( )- ,

5. -( )-

104

6. -()- - 7. -( )- ! 8. - -( )- - 9. -( )- 13. - 1. -( )- 2. -( )- , ? 4. -( )- -- ? 14. - 1. - -( )- , - 2. -( )- 3. -( )- 4. -( )- - 15. - 1. -( )- , 2. - -( )-- ! 3. -( )-

105

3. -( )- 4. -( )- 5. -( )-.. ? 6. -( )- , 7. -( )- 8. -( )- 9. -( )- 10. -( )- 11. -( )- 13. -( )- 14. -( )- 15. -( )- 16. -( )- 17. -( )- 18. -( )- 19. - -( )- , - 20. -( )- ? 21. -( )- 22. -( )- , 23. - -( )- - 12. -(- )-

,

106

24. - -( )- - 25. -(- )- 26. - -(- )- - 27. - -( )- - 28. - -(- )- - 29. - -( )- - 31. -( )- , - 32. -( )- 33. -( )- 34. -( )- 35. -( )- 36. -( )- 39. -()- 40. -( )- , ? 37. -(- )- 38. -( )- , 30. -( )-

107

41. -(- )- - 1. -( )- , - 2. , -( )- , 3. -( )- , - , 4. -( )-

, , 5. -( )- , () , 6. -( )- - 7. -( )- , 8. -( )- 9. -( )- , , 10. -( )- - , -

11. , -( )-

,

108

12. -( )- , , , , 13. , -( , )- , ? , , 14. -( )- , - , , 15. -( )- 16. -( )- 17. -( , )- , 18. --( ) - 19. -( )- , 20. -( - )- - 21. -( )- , ?

109

22. -( , )- , - 23. -( )- 24. -( )- - 25. -( - )- 25

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