Parenthetical Citations Giving Credit WHERE Credit Is Due

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Parenthetical Citations Giving Credit WHERE Credit Is Due. M. Stec Barrington Middle School Created 4-11-08. Why Do We Need To Use Parenthetical Citations?. A works cited list gives readers information about how to locate your sources - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Parenthetical Citations Giving Credit WHERE Credit Is Due

  • Parenthetical Citations

    Giving Credit WHERE Credit Is DueM. Stec Barrington Middle School Created 4-11-08

  • Why Do We Need To Use Parenthetical Citations?A works cited list gives readers information about how to locate your sources

    Parenthetical citations show what information you borrowed from each source and where to locate it in the source

  • Example:McDonalds is an extremely popular choice for Americans looking for a quick meal. Every day about one out of fourteen Americans eats at a McDonalds. Every month about nine out of ten American children visit one (Schlosser and Wilson 7).

  • Works Cited Connelly, Susan. Letter to Thomas Gaffey. 3 Mar. 2006. Washington DC: Grocery Manufacturers Association, n.d. GMA: The Association of Food, Beverage and Consumer Products Company. 2008. 12 Apr. 2008 .Gibaldi, Joseph. Documentation: Citing Sources in the Text. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 1977. 6th ed. New York: MLA, 2003. 237-60.Howard, Brian C. Sugar or Sweetener? E Magazine: The Environmental Magazine Mar.-Apr. 2006: 40-41. Middle Search Plus. EBSCO. Barrington Middle School Prairie Campus Lib., Barrington, IL. 12 Apr. 2008 .Schlosser, Eric, and Charles Wilson. Chew on This: Everything You Dont Want to Know about Fast Food. Boston: Houghton, 2006.Sweet Facts about Sweet Potatoes. Allens Family of Canned Vegetables. Allens Inc. 12 Apr. 2008 .

  • When Not To Cite or QuoteCommon Knowledge facts or ideas most people knowFacts or ideas that are easily found in an encyclopedia, reference book and textbookExample:One result of eating a lot of fast food is weight gain.

  • When To Use Direct QuotationsStatisticsShows character (humanness)Shows an opinionInteresting!!!By paraphrasing you will lose the statements impact or meaningIts imperative that you understand the quote.

  • Example:According to Schlosser and Wilson, Dactylopius coccus costabugs are collected, dried, and ground into a color additive. It takes about 70,000 of the insects to make a pound of carmine, which is used to make processed foods look pink, red, or purple (121-22).

  • Works Cited Connelly, Susan. Letter to Thomas Gaffey. 3 Mar. 2006. Washington DC: Grocery Manufacturers Association, n.d. GMA: The Association of Food, Beverage and Consumer Products Company. 2008. 12 Apr. 2008 .Gibaldi, Joseph. Documentation: Citing Sources in the Text. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 1977. 6th ed. New York: MLA, 2003. 237-60.Howard, Brian C. Sugar or Sweetener? E Magazine: The Environmental Magazine Mar.-Apr. 2006: 40-41. Middle Search Plus. EBSCO. Barrington Middle School Prairie Campus Lib., Barrington, IL. 12 Apr. 2008 .Schlosser, Eric, and Charles Wilson. Chew on This: Everything You Dont Want to Know about Fast Food. Boston: Houghton, 2006.Sweet Facts about Sweet Potatoes. Allens Family of Canned Vegetables. Allens Inc. 12 Apr. 2008 .

  • Paraphrased MaterialCredit must be given to others when ideas are borrowedParaphrased information needs the same parenthetical references as directly quoted materialFollow the same rules with the exception of the use of quotation marks

  • Information Needed in a Parenthetical CitationClearly point to specific sources in the works cited listAuthor name ~ be aware of duplicate namesTitle of work if listed this way in works cited listIdentify location of information within the source.Page numberFilms, television programs, recordings, performances and electronic sources with no page numbers ~ embed the type of work within your sentence or include the title of the presentation or work

  • Two Places To Check For Help With Parenthetical Citations1. NoodleTools: parenthetical citation link on the far right side of citiation listed on the bibliography screen

  • Two Places To Check For Help With Parenthetical CitationsExample shown ~ scroll the list for specifics

  • Two Places To Check For Help With Parenthetical CitationsPage 42 in the Student Planner

  • Practice ~ Paraphrased MaterialAuthors name embedded in the text of your paper ~ place page number in parentheses:

    Example: Woods says that your chances of being attacked by a shark are one in 5,000,000 (17).

  • Practice ~ Paraphrase ThisTaken from pg. 120 Schlosser, Eric, and Charles Wilson. Chew on This: Everything You Dont Want to Know about Fast Food. Boston: Houghton, 2006.

    When flavorists create additives for kids foods, they usually get rid of the bitterness and increase the sweetness. Childrens flavors are often twice as sweet as those made for adults.

  • Practice ~ One Possiblity

    Schlosser and Wilson explain that childrens food has double the sweetness compared to adults food because bitter flavors are removed and sweetener is added (120).

  • Practice ~ Direct QuotationsUse quotation marks for all direct quotations.

    Example:Woods notes a shark attack is so rare that odds against it have been calculated at about one in 5,000,000 (17).

  • Practice ~ Direct QuotationsTaken from pg. 142 Schlosser, Eric, and Charles Wilson. Chew on This: Everything You Dont Want to Know about Fast Food. Boston: Houghton, 2006.

    The fast-food chains buy Coca-Cola syrup for about $4.25 a gallon. A medium Coke that sells for $1.29 contains about nine cents worth of syrup.

  • Practice ~ One Possibility

    Schlosser and Wilson explain that fast-food chains make the most money from selling soft drinks. The fast-food chains buy Coca-Cola syrup for about $4.25 a gallon. A medium Coke that sells for $1.29 contains about nine cents worth of syrup (142).

  • Practice ~ Parenthetical References Not Embedded In TextUse authors last name followed by page number with parentheses when not using the authors name or title of the work within the sentence.

    Example:Odds against it have been calculated at about one in 5,000,000 (Woods 17).

  • Practice ~ Parenthetical References Not Embedded In TextTaken from pg. 143 Schlosser, Eric, and Charles Wilson. Chew on This: Everything You Dont Want to Know about Fast Food. Boston: Houghton, 2006.

    In 1975 the typical American drank about twenty-seven gallons of soda a year. Today the typical American drinks about fifty-four gallons of soda a year.

  • Practice ~ One Possibility

    In 1975 the typical American drank about twenty-seven gallons of soda a year. Today the typical American drinks about fifty-four gallons of soda a year (Schlosser and Wilson 143).

  • Practice ~ Direct Quotation

    For food products, GMA also supports the use of age-appropriate serving sizes to teach students about caloric intake and appropriate serving sizes. We believe an age appropriate mix of competitive foods should be offered and do not believe nutrient restrictions are the most appropriate approach to teaching children the importance of a balanced diet. Connelly, Susan. Letter to Thomas Gaffey. 3 Mar. 2006. Washington DC: Grocery Manufacturers Association, n.d. GMA: The Association of Food, Beverage and Consumer Products Company. 2008. 12 Apr. 2008 .

  • Practice ~ Direct Quotation

    Susan Connelly from the Grocery Manufacturers Association stated in her letter to Senator Thomas Gaffey, For food products, GMA also supports the use of age-appropriate serving sizes to teach students about caloric intake and appropriate serving sizes. We believe an age appropriate mix of competitive foods should be offered and do not believe nutrient restrictions are the most appropriate approach to teaching children the importance of a balanced diet. Connelly, Susan. Letter to Thomas Gaffey. 3 Mar. 2006. Washington DC: Grocery Manufacturers Association, n.d. GMA: The Association of Food, Beverage and Consumer Products Company. 2008. 12 Apr. 2008 .

  • Practice ~ Another Possibility

    For food products, GMA also supports the use of age-appropriate serving sizes to teach students about caloric intake and appropriate serving sizes. We believe an age appropriate mix of competitive foods should be offered and do not believe nutrient restrictions are the most appropriate approach to teaching children the importance of a balanced diet (Connelly).Connelly, Susan. Letter to Thomas Gaffey. 3 Mar. 2006. Washington DC: Grocery Manufacturers Association, n.d. GMA: The Association of Food, Beverage and Consumer Products Company. 2008. 12 Apr. 2008 .

  • Practice ~ Web Page No Author

    Sweet potatoes and yams are not the same. A yam is a large, starchy, tropical root crop grown in Asia or West Africa that can weigh up to 100 pounds. However, Southern sweet potato producers began calling their crop yams to distinguish it from the white-fleshed sweet potatoes grown in other parts of the country.Sweet Facts about Sweet Potatoes. Allens Family of Canned Vegetables. Allens Inc. 12 Apr. 2008 .

  • Practice ~ Web Page No Author

    Sweet Facts about Sweet Potatoes. Allens Family of Canned Vegetables. Allens Inc. 12 Apr. 2008 .

  • Practice ~ Web Page No Author

    Sweet Facts about Sweet Potatoes. Allens Family of Canned Vegetables. Allens Inc. 12 Apr. 2008 .Sweet potatoes and yams are not the same. A yam is a large, starchy, tropical root crop grown in Asia or West Africa that can weigh up to 100 pounds. However, Southern sweet potato producers began calling their crop yams to distinguish it from the white-fleshed sweet potatoes grown in other parts of the country ("Sweet Facts about").

  • Citing Indirect SourcesBest to take material from the original sourceWhen indirect source is used, ie. someones published account of anothers spoken remarksUse abbreviation qtd. inUpton Sinclair wrote, the meat would be shoveled into carts, and the man who did the shoveling would