Smarter Balanced

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Smarter Balanced. Sample Items and Performance Tasks. [NAME OF PRESENTER]. [DATE]. Purpose of Sample Items and Performance Tasks. Demonstrate rigor and complexity of ELA/literacy and mathematics questions Showcase variety of item types: Selected response Constructed response - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Smarter BalancedSample Items and Performance Tasks[DATE][NAME OF PRESENTER]1Purpose of Sample Items and Performance TasksDemonstrate rigor and complexity of ELA/literacy and mathematics questions Showcase variety of item types:Selected responseConstructed responseTechnology enhancedPerformance tasksHelp teachers to begin planning for the shifts in instructionThe sample items and performance tasks represent a milestone in the development of the assessment system. For the first time, teachers, policymakers, and interested stakeholders can see what the new assessments will look like.

The sample items represent the first of many steps to help familiarize teachers, students, and parents with the expectations of the Common Core State Standards and next-generation assessments.

The sample items illustrate the knowledge and skills students will be expected to demonstrate on the Smarter Balanced assessments, giving educators clear benchmarks to inform their instruction.

In addition, the sample items showcase the variety of item and task types under development by Smarter Balanced. Selected response: Prompt students to select one or more responses for a set of optionsConstructed response: Prompt students to produce a text or numerical response in order to collect evidence about their knowledge or understanding of a given assessment targetTechnology enhanced: Takes advantage of computer-based administration to assess a deeper understanding of content and skills; collect evidence through a non-traditional response type, such as editing text or drawing an objectPerformance tasks: Measures capacities such as depth of understanding, research skills, and complex analysis, which cannot be adequately assessed with selected- or constructed-response items

While the items are not intended to be used as sample tests, educators can use the items to begin planning the shifts in instruction that will be required to help students meet the demands of the new assessments.

It is important to note that these samples represent only a small fraction of the 10,000 items and tasks currently in development to support the Pilot Test in early 2013.2Developed with Educators and ExpertsEarly 2012: Assessment claims for ELA/literacy and mathematics approved by Governing StatesApril 2012: Item/task specifications and review guidelines published June 2012: Training modules available for item writers/reviewers Summer 2012: Educators from Governing States begin writing items and tasks; cognitive labs / small scale trials beginSeptember 2012: Sample items reviewed by Smarter Balanced staff and advisors, Student Achievement PartnersOctober 2012: Sample items and tasks availableFebruary / March 2013: Pilot Test of first 10,000 items and performance tasks

Smarter Balanced sample items and performance tasks were developed in collaboration with educators and content experts.

This process began with the development of content specifications in ELA/literacy and mathematics. The specifications ensure that the assessment system will cover the full range of college- and career-ready knowledge and skills in the Common Core State Standards.

Earlier this year, Governing States adopted assessment claims for ELA/literacy and mathematics, following two rounds of public review and comment. These guide development of assessments, providing descriptions of knowledge and skills (assessment targets) that items/tasks will assess.

Item/task specifications were finalized in April to provide detailed instructions to writers for developing items. Review guidelines ensure that all items and performance tasks are reviewed consistently for content, accessibility, bias and sensitivity.

Smarter Balanced recruited K-12 teachers and higher education faculty to participate in the writing and review of items and tasks.

The sample items and tasks were reviewed by content experts, including Student Achievement Partners.

The Pilot Test will occur this spring and will be open to all schools in Smarter Balanced states.

3Students can demonstrate progress toward college and career readiness in English Language arts and literacy.Students can demonstrate college and career readiness in English language arts and literacy.Students can read closely and analytically to comprehend a range of increasingly complex literary and informational texts.Students can produce effective and well-grounded writing for a range of purposes and audiences.Students can employ effective speaking and listening skills for a range of purposes and audiences.Students can engage in research and inquiry to investigate topics, and to analyze, integrate, and present information.Overall Claim for Grades 3-8

Overall Claim for Grade 11Claim #1 - ReadingClaim #2 - WritingClaim #3 - Speaking and ListeningClaim #4 - Research/InquiryClaims for the ELA/Literacy Summative Assessment4Students can demonstrate progress toward college and career readiness in mathematics.Students can demonstrate college and career readiness in mathematics. Students can explain and apply mathematical concepts and interpret and carry out mathematical procedures with precision and fluency.Students can solve a range of complex well-posed problems in pure and applied mathematics, making productive use of knowledge and problem solving strategies. Students can clearly and precisely construct viable arguments to support their own reasoning and to critique the reasoning of others. Students can analyze complex, real-world scenarios and can construct and use mathematical models to interpret and solve problems. Overall Claim for Grades 3-8Overall Claim for Grade 11Claim #1 - Concepts & ProceduresClaim #2 - Problem SolvingClaim #3 - Communicating ReasoningClaim #4 - Modeling and Data AnalysisClaims for the Mathematics Summative Assessment5Exploring the Sample Items

6Sample Items and Tasks Landing Page to Launch Oct. 9

Beginning October 9, a new page on will include information about the sample items and performance tasks.

The page will include links to both the ELA/literacy and mathematics sample items.

7Sample Items and Tasks Navigation

View mathematics or ELA/literacy itemsAdvance to next item, or go back to previousUsers can select mathematics or ELA/literacy items and cycle through them using the next and back buttons on the top right corner of the screen.

8Sample Items and Tasks Navigation

Content ClaimGrade bandUsers can view the items in a variety of waysby grade band and by content claim across grades.

9Sample Items and Tasks Navigation

Filter by item type, themesIn addition, the sample items can be filtered by item type (technology enhanced and performance tasks) and by themes (connections across grades and difficulty progressions).

Connections across grades: The Common Core State Standards include a sequence of concepts that build through the grades in a logical and coherent fashion. These sample items show how the vertical articulation of content in the standards will be evident in Smarter Balanced assessments.

Difficulty Progressions: Computer adaptive tests require items that span a wide range of difficulty levels to provide precise measures of what students know and can do. These sample items show the range in difficulty for items designed to measure the same assessment targets. Capturing the full range of item difficulty across assessment targets is essential for creating high quality adaptive tests, and final difficulty estimates for items will be validated through field testing.

10Item Metadata

About this itemEach item also includes metadata:Item nameGrade levelContent claimAssessment targetsCommon Core State StandardsComments illustrating the purpose of items and how they differ from traditional assessmentsScoring rubrics (downloadable PDF)Text complexity analysis for ELA/literacy items (downloadable PDF)

11Exploring the Sample Items

Selected response and technology enhanced items are machine scorableSelected response and technology enhanced items can be scored automatically.

Some constructed-response items and performance tasks can be scored automatically; many will be hand-scored by professionally trained readers.

12Feedback and Support Starting Oct. 9

Online feedback and phone support availableSmarter Balanced welcomes feedback on the sample items and tasks.

At the time of launch on October 9, users will be able to submit feedback or questions through an online form or by calling a 1-800 number.

13Accessibility and AccommodationsSample items do not include accessibility and accommodations featuresFull range of accessibility tools and accommodations options under development guided by:Magda Chia, Ph.D., Director of Support for Under-Represented StudentsAccessibility and Accommodations Work GroupStudents with Disabilities Advisory CommitteeChair: Martha Thurlow (NCEO)English Language Learners Advisory CommitteeAccessibility & Accommodations FrameworkLearn more online:

The Smarter Balanced assessment system will provide valid, fair, and reliable measures of achievement and growth for English language learners and students with disabilities.

The sample items are displayed in a simulated test platform that does not include accessibility and accommodations tools that will be available when the assessments are administered to studentssuch as Braille, translation options, and the ability to change font size, highlight text, or magnify portions of items.

The operational system in the 2014-15 scho