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  • StalinBuildsaTotalitarianStateCloseRead

    StandardsAlignmentTextwithCloseReadinstructionsforstudents

    Intendedtobetheinitialreadinwhichstudentsannotatethetextastheyread.Studentsmaywanttocircleunfamiliarvocabulary,underlinekeyideas,or

    commentontheinformationpresented.

  • StandardsAlignment

    CaliforniaStateStandardsforGrade10 10.5StudentsanalyzethecausesandcourseoftheFirstWorldWar.

    3.ExplainhowtheRussianRevolutionandtheentryoftheUnitedStatesaffectedthecourseandoutcomeofthewar.

    10.6StudentsanalyzetheeffectsoftheFirstWorldWar. 3.Understandthewidespreaddisillusionmentwithprewarinstitutions,authorities,andvalues

    thatresultedinavoidthatwaslaterfilledbytotalitarians. 10.7StudentsanalyzetheriseoftotalitariangovernmentsafterWorldWarI.

    1.UnderstandthecausesandconsequencesoftheRussianRevolution,includingLeninsuseoftotalitarianmeanstoseizeandmaintaincontrol(e.g.,theGulag).

    2.TraceStalinsrisetopowerintheSovietUnionandtheconnectionbetweeneconomicpolicies,politicalpolicies,theabsenceofafreepress,andsystematicviolationsofhumanrights(e.g.,theTerrorFamineinUkraine).

    3.Analyzetherise,aggression,andhumancostsoftotalitarianregimes(FascistandCommunist)inGermany,Italy,andtheSovietUnion,notingespeciallytheircommonanddissimilartraits.

    CommonCoreReadingStandardsforLiteracyinHistory/SocialScienceforGrades9&10Students: RH1 Citespecifictextualevidencetosupportanalysisofprimaryandsecondarysources,

    attendingtosuchfeaturesasthedateandoriginoftheinformation. RH2 Determinethecentralideasorinformationofaprimaryorsecondarysource;providean

    accuratesummaryofhowkeyeventsorideasdevelopoverthecourseofthetext. RH3 Analyzeindetailaseriesofeventsdescribedinatext;determinewhetherearlierevents

    causedlateronesorsimplyprecededthem. RH4 Determinethemeaningofwordsandphrasesastheyareusedinatext,including

    vocabularydescribingpolitical,social,oreconomicaspectsofhistory/socialstudies. RH5 Analyzehowatextusesstructuretoemphasizekeypointsoradvanceanexplanationor

    analysis.

    CommonCoreWritingStandardsforLiteracyinHistory/SocialScienceforGrades9&10Students: WHST4 Produceclearandcoherentwritinginwhichthedevelopment,organization,andstyle

    areappropriatetotask,purpose,andaudience. WHST9 Drawevidencefrominformationaltextstosupportanalysis,reflection,andresearch.

  • StalinBuildsaTotalitarianState

    Directions:Asyouread,circleunfamiliarvocabulary,underlinekeyideas,andcommenton

    theinformationpresented.

    BuildingaPerfectCommunistRussia

    StalinaimedtocreateaperfectCommuniststateinRussia.Torealizehisvision,StalinplannedtotransformtheSovietUnionintoatotalitarianstate.Hebeganbuildinghistotalitarianstatebydestroyinghisenemiesrealandimagined.

    RussianPoliceTerrorWhatdidStalindotomaintainhispower?

    Stalinbuiltapolicestatetomaintainhispower.Stalinssecretpoliceusedtanksandarmoredcarstostopriots.Theymonitoredtelephonelines,readmail,andplantedinformerseverywhere.Evenchildrentoldauthoritiesaboutdisloyalremarkstheyheardathome.Everyfamilycametofeartheknockonthedoorintheearlymorninghours,whichusuallymeantthearrestofafamilymember.Thesecretpolicearrestedandexecutedmillionsofsocalledtraitors.

    In1934,StalinturnedagainstmembersoftheCommunistParty.In1937,helaunchedtheGreatPurge,acampaignofterrordirectedateliminatinganyonewhothreatenedhispower.ThousandsofoldBolshevikswhohelpedstagetheRevolutionin1917stoodtrial.TheywereexecutedorsenttolaborcampsinSiberiacalledthegulagforcrimesagainsttheSovietstate.

    WhentheGreatPurgeendedin1938,StalinhadgainedtotalcontroloftheSovietgovernmentandtheCommunistParty.Historiansestimatethatduringthistimehewasresponsiblefor8millionto13milliondeaths.

    RussianPropagandaandCensorshipWhatwasthepurposeofStalinscensorship?

    Stalinsgovernmentcontrolledallnewspapers,motionpictures,radio,andothersourcesofinformation.ManySovietwriters,composers,andotherartistsalsofellvictimtoofficialcensorship.Stalinwouldnottolerateindividualcreativitythatdidnotconformtotheviewsofthestate.Sovietnewspapersandradiobroadcastsglorifiedtheachievementsofcommunism,Stalin,andhiseconomicprograms.

  • StalinBuildsaTotalitarianState

    Directions:Asyouread,circleunfamiliarvocabulary,underlinekeyideas,andcommenton

    theinformationpresented.

    UnderStalin,theartsalsowereusedforpropaganda.In1930,aneditorialintheCommunistPartynewspaperPravdaexplainedthepurposeofart:Literature,thecinema,theartsareleversinthehandsoftheproletariatwhichmustbeusedtoshowthemassespositivemodelsofinitiativeandheroiclabor.

    RussianIndoctrinationHowdideducationchange?

    UnderStalin,thegovernmentcontrolledalleducationfromnurseryschoolsthroughtheuniversities.SchoolchildrenlearnedthevirtuesoftheCommunistParty.CollegeprofessorsandstudentswhoquestionedtheCommunistPartysinterpretationsofhistoryorscienceriskedlosingtheirjobsorfacedimprisonment.

    PartyleadersintheSovietUnionlecturedworkersandpeasantsontheidealsofcommunism.TheyalsostressedtheimportanceofsacrificeandhardworktobuildtheCommuniststate.Statesupportedyouthgroupstrainedfuturepartymembers.

    RussianReligiousPersecutionWhywasreligionchallengedinRussia?

    Communistsaimedtoreplacereligiousteachingswiththeidealsofcommunism.UnderStalin,thegovernmentandtheLeagueoftheMilitantGodless,anofficiallysponsoredgroupofatheists,spreadpropagandaattackingreligion.Museumsofatheismdisplayedexhibitstoshowthatreligiousbeliefsweremeresuperstitions.YetmanypeopleintheSovietUnionstillclungtotheirfaiths.

    TheRussianOrthodoxChurchwasthemaintargetofpersecution.Otherreligiousgroupsalsosufferedgreatly.Thepolicedestroyedmagnificentchurchesandsynagogues,andmanyreligiousleaderswerekilledorsenttolaborcamps.

    AchievingtheperfectCommuniststatecameatatremendouscosttoSovietcitizens.Stalinstotalcontrolofsocietyeliminatedpersonalrightsandfreedomsinfavorofthepowerofthestate.

  • StalinBuildsaTotalitarianState

    StandardsAlignmentReadingText

    AnalyticalQuestionsResponseSheets

  • StandardsAlignment

    CaliforniaStateStandardsforGrade10 10.5StudentsanalyzethecausesandcourseoftheFirstWorldWar.

    3.ExplainhowtheRussianRevolutionandtheentryoftheUnitedStatesaffectedthecourseandoutcomeofthewar.

    10.6StudentsanalyzetheeffectsoftheFirstWorldWar. 3.Understandthewidespreaddisillusionmentwithprewarinstitutions,authorities,andvalues

    thatresultedinavoidthatwaslaterfilledbytotalitarians. 10.7StudentsanalyzetheriseoftotalitariangovernmentsafterWorldWarI.

    1.UnderstandthecausesandconsequencesoftheRussianRevolution,includingLeninsuseoftotalitarianmeanstoseizeandmaintaincontrol(e.g.,theGulag).

    2.TraceStalinsrisetopowerintheSovietUnionandtheconnectionbetweeneconomicpolicies,politicalpolicies,theabsenceofafreepress,andsystematicviolationsofhumanrights(e.g.,theTerrorFamineinUkraine).

    3.Analyzetherise,aggression,andhumancostsoftotalitarianregimes(FascistandCommunist)inGermany,Italy,andtheSovietUnion,notingespeciallytheircommonanddissimilartraits.

    CommonCoreReadingStandardsforLiteracyinHistory/SocialScienceforGrades9&10Students: RH1 Citespecifictextualevidencetosupportanalysisofprimaryandsecondarysources,

    attendingtosuchfeaturesasthedateandoriginoftheinformation. RH2 Determinethecentralideasorinformationofaprimaryorsecondarysource;providean

    accuratesummaryofhowkeyeventsorideasdevelopoverthecourseofthetext. RH3 Analyzeindetailaseriesofeventsdescribedinatext;determinewhetherearlierevents

    causedlateronesorsimplyprecededthem. RH4 Determinethemeaningofwordsandphrasesastheyareusedinatext,including

    vocabularydescribingpolitical,social,oreconomicaspectsofhistory/socialstudies. RH5 Analyzehowatextusesstructuretoemphasizekeypointsoradvanceanexplanationor

    analysis.

    CommonCoreWritingStandardsforLiteracyinHistory/SocialScienceforGrades9&10Students: WHST1Writeargumentsfocusedondisciplinespecificcontent.

    c.Usewords,phrases,andclausestolinkthemajorsectionsofthetext,createcohesion,andclarifytherelationshipsbetweenclaim(s)andreasons,betweenreasonsandevidence,andbetweenclaim(s)andcounterclaims.

    WHST4 Produceclearandcoherentwritinginwhichthedevelopment,organization,andstyleareappropriatetotask,purpose,andaudience.

    WHST9 Drawevidencefrominformationaltextstosupportanalysis,reflection,andresearch.

  • StalinBuildsaTotalitarianState

    BuildingaPerfectCommunistRussia

    StalinaimedtocreateaperfectCommuniststateinRussia.Torealizehisvision,StalinplannedtotransformtheSovietUnionintoatotalitarianstate.Hebeganbuildinghistotalitarianstatebydestroyinghisenemiesrealandimagined.

    RussianPoliceTerrorWhatdidStalindotomaintainhispower?

    Stalinbuiltapolicestatetomaintainhispower.Stalinssecretpoliceusedtanksandarmoredcarstostopriots.Theymonitoredtelephonelines,readmail,andplantedinformerseverywhere.Evenchildrentoldauthoritiesaboutdisloyalremarkstheyheardathome.Everyfamilycametofeartheknockonthedoorintheearlymorninghours,whichusuallymeantthearrestofafamilymember.Thesecretpolicearrestedandexecutedmillionsofsocalledtraitors.

    In1934,StalinturnedagainstmembersoftheCommunistParty.In1937,helaunchedtheGreatPurge,acampaignofterrordirectedateliminatinganyonewhothreatenedhispower.ThousandsofoldBolshevikswhohelpedstagetheRevolutionin1917stoodtrial.TheywereexecutedorsenttolaborcampsinSiberiacalledthegulagforcrimesagainsttheSovietstate.

    WhentheGreatPurgeendedin1938,StalinhadgainedtotalcontroloftheSovietgovernmentandtheCommunistParty.Historiansestimatethatduringthistimehewasresponsiblefor8millionto13milliondeaths.

    RussianPropagandaandCensorshipWhatwasthepurposeofStalinscensorship?

    Stalinsgovernmentcontrolledallnewspapers,motionpictures,radio,andothersourcesofinformation.ManySovietwriters,composers,andotherartistsalsofellvictimtoofficialcensorship.Stalinwouldnottolerateindividualcreativitythatdidnotconformtotheviewsofthestate.Sovietnewspapersandradiobroadcastsglorifiedtheachievementsofcommunism,Stalin,andhiseconomicprograms.

    UnderStalin,theartsalsowereusedforpropaganda.In1930,aneditorialintheCommunistPartynewspaperPravdaexplainedthepurposeofart:Literature,thecinema,theartsareleversinthehandsoftheproletariatwhichmustbeusedtoshowthemassespositivemodelsofinitiativeandheroiclabor.

    RussianIndoctrinationHowdideducationchange?

    UnderStalin,thegovernmentcontrolledalleducationfromnurseryschoolsthroughtheuniversities.SchoolchildrenlearnedthevirtuesoftheCommunistParty.CollegeprofessorsandstudentswhoquestionedtheCommunistPartysinterpretationsofhistoryorscienceriskedlosingtheirjobsorfacedimprisonment.

    PartyleadersintheSovietUnionlecturedworkersandpeasantsontheidealsofcommunism.TheyalsostressedtheimportanceofsacrificeandhardworktobuildtheCommuniststate.Statesupportedyouthgroupstrainedfuturepartymembers.

    RussianReligiousPersecutionWhywasreligionchallengedinRussia?

    Communistsaimedtoreplacereligiousteachingswiththeidealsofcommunism.UnderStalin,thegovernmentandtheLeagueoftheMilitantGodless,anofficiallysponsoredgroupofatheists,spreadpropagandaattackingreligion.Museumsofatheismdisplayedexhibitstoshowthatreligiousbeliefsweremeresuperstitions.YetmanypeopleintheSovietUnionstillclungtotheirfaiths.

    TheRussianOrthodoxChurchwasthemaintargetofpersecution.Otherreligiousgroupsalsosufferedgreatly.Thepolicedestroyedmagnificentchurchesandsynagogues,andmanyreligiousleaderswerekilledorsenttolaborcamps.

    AchievingtheperfectCommuniststatecameatatremendouscosttoSovietcitizens.Stalinstotalcontrolofsocietyeliminatedpersonalrightsandfreedomsinfavorofthepowerofthestate.

  • ReadingQuestions

    1.ExplainTheGreatPurge.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2.HowdidStalinpromotehisregime?______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3.HowdidStalinaddresstheyouth?______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    4.Whywasreligiontargetedbythegovernmentandwhatweretheconsequences?______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  • StalinBuildsaTotalitarianState ReadingQuestions

    ExplainTheGreatPurge.

    non

    HowdidStalinpromotehisregime?

    HowdidStalinaddresstheyouth?

    Whywasreligiontargetedbythe

    governmentandwhatweretheconsequences?

  • StalinBuildsaTotalitarianStateTextandTextDependentQuestions

    StandardsAlignmentTextwithQuestions

  • StandardsAlignment

    CaliforniaStateStandardsforGrade10 10.5StudentsanalyzethecausesandcourseoftheFirstWorldWar.

    3.ExplainhowtheRussianRevolutionandtheentryoftheUnitedStatesaffectedthecourseandoutcomeofthewar.

    10.6StudentsanalyzetheeffectsoftheFirstWorldWar. 3.Understandthewidespreaddisillusionmentwithprewarinstitutions,authorities,andvalues

    thatresultedinavoidthatwaslaterfilledbytotalitarians. 10.7StudentsanalyzetheriseoftotalitariangovernmentsafterWorldWarI.

    1.UnderstandthecausesandconsequencesoftheRussianRevolution,includingLeninsuseoftotalitarianmeanstoseizeandmaintaincontrol(e.g.,theGulag).

    2.TraceStalinsrisetopowerintheSovietUnionandtheconnectionbetweeneconomicpolicies,politicalpolicies,theabsenceofafreepress,andsystematicviolationsofhumanrights(e.g.,theTerrorFamineinUkraine).

    3.Analyzetherise,aggression,andhumancostsoftotalitarianregimes(FascistandCommunist)inGermany,Italy,andtheSovietUnion,notingespeciallytheircommonanddissimilartraits.

    CommonCoreReadingStandardsforLiteracyinHistory/SocialScienceforGrades9&10Students: RH1 Citespecifictextualevidencetosupportanalysisofprimaryandsecondarysources,

    attendingtosuchfeaturesasthedateandoriginoftheinformation. RH2 Determinethecentralideasorinformationofaprimaryorsecondarysource;providean

    accuratesummaryofhowkeyeventsorideasdevelopoverthecourseofthetext. RH3 Analyzeindetailaseriesofeventsdescribedinatext;determinewhetherearlierevents

    causedlateronesorsimplyprecededthem. RH4 Determinethemeaningofwordsandphrasesastheyareusedinatext,including

    vocabularydescribingpolitical,social,oreconomicaspectsofhistory/socialstudies. RH5 Analyzehowatextusesstructuretoemphasizekeypointsoradvanceanexplanationor

    analysis.

    CommonCoreWritingStandardsforLiteracyinHistory/SocialScienceforGrades9&10Students: WHST1Writeargumentsfocusedondisciplinespecificcontent.

    c.Usewords,phrases,andclausestolinkthemajorsectionsofthetext,createcohesion,andclarifytherelationshipsbetweenclaim(s)andreasons,betweenreasonsandevidence,andbetweenclaim(s)andcounterclaims.

    WHST4 Produceclearandcoherentwritinginwhichthedevelopment,organization,andstyleareappropriatetotask,purpose,andaudience.

    WHST9 Drawevidencefrominformationaltextstosupportanalysis,reflection,andresearch.

  • StalinBuildsaTotalitarianStateDirections:Answerthetextdependentquestionsas

    youread.

    WhatwasStalinsgoalwhencreatingaCommuniststate?

    HowdidStalinmaintainhispower?

    Whywerefamiliesafraid?

    ExplaintheGreatPurge.

    WhatdidStalindotoBolsheviks?

    HowmanypeoplewereaffectedintheGreatPurge?

    Howdidpeoplegettheirinformation?

    DescribecensorshipunderStalin.

    BuildingaPerfectCommunistRussia

    StalinaimedtocreateaperfectCommuniststateinRussia.Torealizehisvision,StalinplannedtotransformtheSovietUnionintoatotalitarianstate.Hebeganbuildinghistotalitarianstatebydestroyinghisenemiesrealandimagined.

    RussianPoliceTerrorWhatdidStalindotomaintainhispower?

    Stalinbuiltapolicestatetomaintainhispower.Stalinssecretpoliceusedtanksandarmoredcarstostopriots.Theymonitoredtelephonelines,readmail,andplantedinformerseverywhere.Evenchildrentoldauthoritiesaboutdisloyalremarkstheyheardathome.Everyfamilycametofeartheknockonthedoorintheearlymorninghours,whichusuallymeantthearrestofafamilymember.Thesecretpolicearrestedandexecutedmillionsofsocalledtraitors.

    In1934,StalinturnedagainstmembersoftheCommunistParty.In1937,helaunchedtheGreatPurge,acampaignofterrordirectedateliminatinganyonewhothreatenedhispower.ThousandsofoldBolshevikswhohelpedstagetheRevolutionin1917stoodtrial.TheywereexecutedorsenttolaborcampsinSiberiacalledthegulagforcrimesagainsttheSovietstate.

    WhentheGreatPurgeendedin1938,StalinhadgainedtotalcontroloftheSovietgovernmentandtheCommunistParty.Historiansestimatethatduringthistimehewasresponsiblefor8millionto13milliondeaths.

    RussianPropagandaandCensorshipWhatwasthepurposeofStalinscensorship?

    Stalinsgovernmentcontrolledallnewspapers,motionpictures,radio,andothersourcesofinformation.ManySovietwriters,composers,andotherartistsalsofellvictimtoofficialcensorship.Stalinwouldnottolerateindividualcreativitythatdidnotconformtotheviewsofthestate.Sovietnewspapersandradiobroadcastsglorifiedtheachievementsofcommunism,Stalin,andhiseconomicprograms.

  • StalinBuildsaTotalitarianState

    Directions:Answerthetextdependentquestionsasyouread.

    HowwasartcontrolledbytheCommunistParty?

    WhydidStalintargeteducation?

    WhatweretheconsequencesforthosewhoquestionedtheParty?

    ExplaintheidealsoftheParty.

    WhydidCommuniststargetreligion?

    WhatdidtheMilitantGodlessgroupattempttodo?

    HowweretheRussianOrthodoxtreated?

    WhatdidtheCommuniststatecosttheSovietcitizens?

    UnderStalin,theartsalsowereusedforpropaganda.In1930,aneditorialintheCommunistPartynewspaperPravdaexplainedthepurposeofart:Literature,thecinema,theartsareleversinthehandsoftheproletariatwhichmustbeusedtoshowthemassespositivemodelsofinitiativeandheroiclabor.

    RussianIndoctrinationHowdideducationchange?

    UnderStalin,thegovernmentcontrolledalleducationfromnurseryschoolsthroughtheuniversities.SchoolchildrenlearnedthevirtuesoftheCommunistParty.CollegeprofessorsandstudentswhoquestionedtheCommunistPartysinterpretationsofhistoryorscienceriskedlosingtheirjobsorfacedimprisonment.

    PartyleadersintheSovietUnionlecturedworkersandpeasantsontheidealsofcommunism.TheyalsostressedtheimportanceofsacrificeandhardworktobuildtheCommuniststate.Statesupportedyouthgroupstrainedfuturepartymembers.

    RussianReligiousPersecutionWhywasreligionchallengedinRussia?

    Communistsaimedtoreplacereligiousteachingswiththeidealsofcommunism.UnderStalin,thegovernmentandtheLeagueoftheMilitantGodless,anofficiallysponsoredgroupofatheists,spreadpropagandaattackingreligion.Museumsofatheismdisplayedexhibitstoshowthatreligiousbeliefsweremeresuperstitions.YetmanypeopleintheSovietUnionstillclungtotheirfaiths.

    TheRussianOrthodoxChurchwasthemaintargetofpersecution.Otherreligiousgroupsalsosufferedgreatly.Thepolicedestroyedmagnificentchurchesandsynagogues,andmanyreligiousleaderswerekilledorsenttolaborcamps.

    AchievingtheperfectCommuniststatecameatatremendouscosttoSovietcitizens.Stalinstotalcontrolofsocietyeliminatedpersonalrightsandfreedomsinfavorofthepowerofthestate.

  • Stalin Builds a Totalitarian State Dialectical Journal

    Standards Alignment

    Quotes Analysis Guide

    Text quotes with student directions

  • Standards Alignment

    California State Standards for Grade 10 10.5 Students analyze the causes and course of the First World War.

    3. Explain how the Russian Revolution and the entry of the United States affected the course and outcome of the war.

    10.6 Students analyze the effects of the First World War. 3. Understand the widespread disillusionment with prewar institutions, authorities, and values that

    resulted in a void that was later filled by totalitarians. 10.7 Students analyze the rise of totalitarian governments after World War I.

    1. Understand the causes and consequences of the Russian Revolution, including Lenins use of totalitarian means to seize and maintain control (e.g., the Gulag).

    2. Trace Stalins rise to power in the Soviet Union and the connection between economic policies, political policies, the absence of a free press, and systematic violations of human rights (e.g., the Terror Famine in Ukraine).

    3. Analyze the rise, aggression, and human costs of totalitarian regimes (Fascist and Communist) in Germany, Italy, and the Soviet Union, noting especially their common and dissimilar traits.

    Common Core Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Science for Grades 9 & 10 Students:

    RH 2 - Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text.

    RH 3 - Analyze in detail a series of events described in a text; determine whether earlier events caused later ones or simply preceded them.

    RH 4 - Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary describing political, social, or economic aspects of history/social studies.

    RH 5 - Analyze how a text uses structure to emphasize key points or advance an explanation or analysis. RH 8 - Assess the extent to which the reasoning and evidence in a text support the authors claims.

    Common Core Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Science for Grades 9 & 10 Students: WHST 1 - Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.

    a. Introduce precise claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that establishes clear relationships among the claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.

    c. Use words, phrases, and clauses to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and between claim(s) and counterclaims.

    WHST 2 - Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.

    b. Develop the topic with well-chosen, relevant, and sufficient facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples appropriate to the audiences knowledge of the topic.

    c. Use varied transitions and sentence structures to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.

    d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to manage the complexity of the topic and convey a style appropriate to the discipline and context as well as to the expertise of likely readers.

    WHST 4 - Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

    WHST 9 - Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

  • Read to Analyze Quotes

    The purpose of a dialectical journal is to analyze significant quotes from the text to make authentic connections between the text and other related concepts. After reading the quote and locating it in the document, write a response that shows your ability to question, analyze, interpret, evaluate, reflect, or predict. Response Starters to help start journal feedback:

    Asking Questions I wonder why What if How come

    Revising Meaning/Analyzing At first I thought, but now I My latest thought about this is Im getting a different picture here because

    Forming Interpretations What this means to me is I think this represents The idea Im getting is

    Evaluating I like/dont like This could be more effective if The most important message is

    Reflecting and Relating So, the big idea is A conclusion Im drawing is This is relevant to my life because

    Predicting Ill bet that I think If, then

  • Stalin Builds a Totalitarian State - Dialectical Journal

    Quote from Reading: - Stalin aimed to create a perfect Communist state in Russia. To realize his vision, Stalin planned to transform the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state. - Stalins secret police used tanks and armored cars to stop riots. They monitored telephone lines, read mail, and planted informers everywhere. - Every family came to fear the knock on the door in the early morning hours, which usually meant the arrest of a family member. The secret police arrested and executed millions of so-called traitors. - In 1937, he launched the Great Purge, a campaign of terror directed at eliminating anyone who threatened his power. Thousands of old Bolsheviks who helped stage the Revolution in 1917 stood trial. They were executed or sent to labor camps in Siberia called the gulag for crimes against the Soviet state. - Historians estimate that during this time he was responsible for 8 million to 13 million deaths. - Stalins government controlled all newspapers, motion pictures, radio, and other sources of information. Stalin would not tolerate individual creativity that did not conform to the views of the state. - Soviet newspapers and radio broadcasts glorified the achievements of communism, Stalin, and his economic programs.

    Student Response (Question, Analyze, Interpret, Evaluate, Reflect, Predict)

  • Stalin Builds a Totalitarian State - Dialectical Journal

    Quote from Reading: - Under Stalin, the arts also were used for propaganda. In 1930, an editorial in the Communist Party newspaper Pravda explained the purpose of art: Literature, the cinema, the arts are levers in the hands of the proletariat which must be used to show the masses positive models of initiative and heroic labor.

    - Schoolchildren learned the virtues of the Communist Party. College professors and students who questioned the Communist Partys interpretations of history or science risked losing their jobs or faced imprisonment. - They also stressed the importance of sacrifice and hard work to build the Communist state. State-supported youth groups trained future party members. - Under Stalin, the government and the League of the Militant Godless, an officially sponsored group of atheists, spread propaganda attacking religion. Museums of atheism displayed exhibits to show that religious beliefs were mere superstitions. - The Russian Orthodox Church was the main target of persecution. The police destroyed magnificent churches and synagogues, and many religious leaders were killed or sent to labor camps. - Stalins total control of society eliminated personal rights and freedoms in favor of the power of the state.

    Student Response (Question, Analyze, Interpret, Evaluate, Reflect, Predict)

  • StalinBuildsaTotalitarianState

    TextSummaryWorksheetwithstudentdirections

  • StandardsAlignment

    CaliforniaStateStandardsforGrade10 10.5StudentsanalyzethecausesandcourseoftheFirstWorldWar.

    3.ExplainhowtheRussianRevolutionandtheentryoftheUnitedStatesaffectedthecourseandoutcomeofthewar. 10.6StudentsanalyzetheeffectsoftheFirstWorldWar.

    3.Understandthewidespreaddisillusionmentwithprewarinstitutions,authorities,andvaluesthatresultedinavoidthatwaslaterfilledbytotalitarians.

    10.7StudentsanalyzetheriseoftotalitariangovernmentsafterWorldWarI. 1.UnderstandthecausesandconsequencesoftheRussianRevolution,includingLeninsuseoftotalitarianmeanstoseizeand

    maintaincontrol(e.g.,theGulag). 2.TraceStalinsrisetopowerintheSovietUnionandtheconnectionbetweeneconomicpolicies,politicalpolicies,theabsenceofa

    freepress,andsystematicviolationsofhumanrights(e.g.,theTerrorFamineinUkraine). 3.Analyzetherise,aggression,andhumancostsoftotalitarianregimes(FascistandCommunist)inGermany,Italy,andtheSoviet

    Union,notingespeciallytheircommonanddissimilartraits.

    CommonCoreReadingStandardsforLiteracyinHistory/SocialScienceforGrades9&10Students: RH1 Citespecifictextualevidencetosupportanalysisofprimaryandsecondarysources,attendingtosuchfeaturesasthedateand

    originoftheinformation. RH2 Determinethecentralideasorinformationofaprimaryorsecondarysource;provideanaccuratesummaryofhowkeyevents

    orideasdevelopoverthecourseofthetext. RH4 Determinethemeaningofwordsandphrasesastheyareusedinatext,includingvocabularydescribingpolitical,social,or

    economicaspectsofhistory/socialstudies.

    CommonCoreWritingStandardsforLiteracyinHistory/SocialScienceforGrades9&10Students: WHST1Writeargumentsfocusedondisciplinespecificcontent.

    c.Usewords,phrases,andclausestolinkthemajorsectionsofthetext,createcohesion,andclarifytherelationshipsbetweenclaim(s)andreasons,betweenreasonsandevidence,andbetweenclaim(s)andcounterclaims.

    WHST4 Produceclearandcoherentwritinginwhichthedevelopment,organization,andstyleareappropriatetotask,purpose,andaudience.

    WHST5 Developandstrengthenwritingasneededbyplanning,revising,editing,rewriting,ortryinganewapproach,focusingonaddressingwhatismostsignificantforaspecificpurposeandaudience.

    WHST9 Drawevidencefrominformationaltextstosupportanalysis,reflection,andresearch.

  • StalinBuildsaTotalitarianStateDirections:Asyoureadthetext,takenotesontheeventsandsignificanceoftheactionsbyStalinandtheCommunistPartyinRussia

    PoliceTerror

    PropagandaandCensorship

    Indoctrination

    ReligiousPersecution

  • StalinBuildsaTotalitarianStateDirections:Asyoureadthetext,takenotesontheeventsandsignificanceoftheactionsbyStalinandtheCommunistPartyinRussia

    PoliceTerror

    PropagandaandCensorship

    Indoctrination

    ReligiousPersecution

    Stalin Builds a Totalitarian State - Close ReadStalin Builds a Totalitarian State - Text with analytical.pdfStalin Builds a Totalitarian State - Text Dependent Questions with TextStalin Builds a Totalitarian State - Dialectical JournalStalin Builds a Totalitarian State - Text Summary Worksheet