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The Statue of Liberty

Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed, to me: I lift my lamp beside the golden door.

. - The inscription on the base of statue of Liberty

FREEDOM

WELCOMES

ALL

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Glimpse Statute of Liberty

Introduction

Since its dedication in 1886 (October 28, 1886), the Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World) has been a recognized symbol of America and American ideals throughout the world.

Standing on Liberty Island (formerly Bedloes Island) in New York Harbor, it is truly monumental in size rising over 300 feet above the water.

It was the first image of America for the millions of immigrants that arrived by ship during the succeeding decades.

An image of freedom and hope and the promise of a better life.

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The Statue of Liberty was built in France.

The Statue was a gift from the people of France to the U.S. in honor of French-American friendship and the abolition of slavery.

The Statue of Liberty's birthday in the United States is October 28, 1886.

Visitors must climb 354 stairs to reach the crown.

There are 25 windows in Lady Liberty's crown

From the tip of the torch to the ground, the statue is 305 feet (or 93 meters) tall.

Lady Liberty is the tallest statue in the world.

The Statue weighs 450,000 pounds (204,100 kg).

The weight of the Statue of Liberty is equal to 250 cars piled on top of each other!

The Statue of Liberty has size 879 sandals that are each 25 feet (7.6 m) long.

The statue is green due to a chemical reaction between copper and the natural elements

is open daily from 8.30 am to 5.15 pm

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Americas Civil War & Statue of Liberty Connection

At a dinner party just outside Paris, France, the Idea for such a monument was conceived. It was just weeks after the close of the American Civil War. The idea, however, would take over 20 years to become a reality.

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Brief History

This statue was designed by a young French artist, Frdric-Auguste Bartholdi. The statues face was modelled after his mothers Finally the whole statue was transported to the USA by ship in 350 pieces which all had to be put together again after arrival!

Perhaps the biggest problem was the construction of the pedestal, because it was the Americans themselves who had to pay for it. It took the Americans more than six years

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I can never forget the day I Passed in front of the grand lady Welcoming me to my new home.

---Polish Immigrant

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The Mother Symbol

Throughout the development years Bartholdis monument saw several changes. Early designs showed Liberty holding a sword in one hand and broken chains in the other. This fierce warrior image was eventually changed as he learned more of the important subject he was trying To represent.

A non threatening Mother image was eventually settled on.

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A symbol for all Time

Because the statue was to represent an ageless idea, her dress needed to symbolize a timeless quality as well.

Her torch, held high to light the way to a new life, evokes feelings of welcome & assistance. There is also the sense of one coming from a location or attitude of darkness into the hope of a better place.

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In this model of the Statue, her broken Chains can be more easily seen.

Lady Liberty appears to be walking, not standing, upon the thrown off chains of bondage & tyranny.

She is moving forward with loving confidence.

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The head ware of seven spikes represents intelligence and the new ideas or ancient principles of liberty emanating forth from America to bless the Inhabitants of the seven continents & seven seas of the earth.

The freedom to think and express oneself coupled with the opportunity for intellectual and property ownership is one of the great blessings of liberty for the whole world.

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The Modern Day Moses

Bartholdi beautifully connects the ancient to the new.

1.Lady Liberty carefully cradles in her arm a modern tablet just as Moses had cradled his ancient Tables of the Law

2.The religious theme continues with the lettering. Instead of engraved lettering, the tablet employed raised lettering, giving one the sense that these characters were actually growing out of or emerging from the tablet. The characters refer to a modern date yet are partially written in ancient Roman numerals. The modern day Declaration of Independence appears to be an outgrowth of the ancient Tables of the Law

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The tablet lies at the heart of all Libertys symbols. It is the core symbolgiving power and purpose to all others and is actually a composite of several symbols. The tablets shape was one of the last changes Bartholdi made to his monument. It evolved from the universally used "Ten Commandments shape toward a keystone shaped tablet . This last minute change could have been borrowed from the American founding period.

The date symbol makes this a uniquely American monument. Liberty would make no sense anywhere else in the world.

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Libertys bust on display in Paris.

The head was use to raise funds for the monument

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Fundraising for the statue had begun in 1882. The committee organized a large number of money-raising events.

Disappointed by the lack of public support, Joseph Pulitzer, a powerful newspaper owner and the creator of the Pulitzer prize, organized a new method of raising money. Joseph Pulitzer, publisher of theNew York World, a New York newspaper, announced a drive to raise $100,000 the equivalent of $2.3million today

Libertys Arm & torch on display at Madison Square Park in New York The arm was sent to New York to help raise funds for her pedestal.

Fundraising

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The Excess Funds

At the end of the American fundraising efforts enough money was left over

To construct this beautiful trophy. It was presented to Bartholdi in behalf of a grateful nation.

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Dedication and After Dedication

Lighthouse Board and War Department (18861933)

Early National Park Service years (19331982)

Renovation and rededication (19822000)

Closures and reopening (2001present)

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Ellis Island, to the right of center, opened a few years after the statue Was dedicated . Today Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty have become forever linked with the creation of the Statue of Liberty National Monument.

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FeatureU.S.MetricHeight of copper statue151ft. 1 in46 mFoundation of pedestal (ground level) to tip of torch305ft. 1 in93 mHeel to top of head111ft. 1 in34 mHeight of hand16ft. 5 in5 mIndex finger8ft. 1 in2.44 mCircumference at second joint3ft. 6 in1.07 mHead from chin to cranium17ft. 3 in5.26 mHead thickness from ear to ear10ft. 0 in3.05 mDistance across the eye2ft. 6 in0.76 mLength of nose4ft. 6 in1.48 mRight arm length42ft. 0 in12.8 mRight arm greatest thickness12ft. 0 in3.66 mThickness of waist35ft. 0 in10.67 mWidth of mouth3ft. 0 in0.91 mTablet, length23ft. 7 in7.19 mTablet, width13ft. 7 in4.14 mTablet, thickness2ft. 0 in0.61 mHeight of pedestal89ft. 0 in27.13 mHeight of foundation65ft. 0 in19.81 mWeight of copper used in statue60,000 pounds27.22tonesWeight of steel used in statue250,000 pounds113.4tonesTotal weight of statue450,000 pounds204.1tonesThickness of copper sheeting3/32 of an inch2.4mm

Physical

Features

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The Statues index finger alone is 8 feet long!

The Statue is located on 12-acre Liberty Island, formerly known as Bedloe's Island. Before the Statues construction, it was mainly the site of Fort Wood, a fortress that protected New York harbor.

The Statue's right

arm is 42 feet long.

The statue is 22-stories

high, with 354 steps from the bottom to the crown.

The tablet in the Statue's hand reads "July 4, 1776" in Roman numerals, the date of the United States Independence. It is 2 feet thick and 23 feet long.

The Statue's mouth is three feet wide.

The seven rays of Liberty's crown represent the seven continents (North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Antarctica, Australia) and the seven seas (Arctic, Antarctic, North & South Atlantic, North & South Pacific, Indian) of the world.

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