Taras Shevchenko. (09.03.1814-10.03.1861). A Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnographer. . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
(09.03.1814-10.03.1861)AUkrainianpoet, writer,artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnographer.
Was born 9th of March 1814 in the village of Moryntsi, Zvenigorodka county,Kiev Governoratein theRussian Empire(now in Zvenyhorodka Rayon,Cherkassy Oblast, Ukraine)
In the fall of 1822 Taras started to take some grammar classes at a localprecentor Sovhyr.At that time Shevchenko became familiar with works ofHryhoriy Skovoroda.
There he met the Ukrainian artistIvan Soshenko, who introduced him to other compatriots such asYevhen HrebinkaandVasyl Hryhorovych, and to the Russian painterAlexey Venetsianov.
In the same year Shevchenko was accepted as a student into the Academy of Arts in the workshop ofKarl Briullov. The next year he became a resident student at theAssociation for the Encouragement of Artists. At the annual examinations at theImperial Academy of Arts, Shevchenko was given a Silver Medal for a landscape. In 1840 he again received the Silver Medal.
He began writing poetry while he was a serf and in 1840 his first collection of poetry,Kobzar, was published.
In 1841, the epic poemHaidamakywas released. In September 1841, Shevchenko was awarded his third Silver Medal forThe Gypsy Fortune Teller. Shevchenko also wrote plays. In 1842, he released a part of the tragedyMykyta Haidaiand in 1843 he completed the dramaNazar Stodolia.
On March 22, 1845, the Council of the Academy of Arts granted Shevchenko the title of an artist. Shevchenko was arrested along with other members on April 5, 1847.
Taras Shevchenko's writings formed the foundation for the modernUkrainian literatureto a degree that he is also considered the founder of the modern writtenUkrainian language.Shevchenko's poetry contributed greatly to the growth of Ukrainian national consciousness, and his influence on various facets of Ukrainian intellectual, literary, and national life is still felt to this day. His influence on Ukrainian culture has been so immense, that even during Soviet times, the official position was to downplay strongUkrainian nationalismexpressed in his poetry, suppressing any mention of it, and to put an emphasis on the social and anti-Tsarist aspects of his legacy, theClass strugglewithin theRussian Empire.
This view is significantly revised in modern independent Ukraine, where he is now viewed as almost an iconic figure with unmatched significance for the Ukrainian nation, a view that has been mostly shared all along by theUkrainian diasporathat has always revered Shevchenko.
When I am dead, bury meIn my beloved Ukraine,My tomb upon a grave mound highAmid the spreading plain,So that the fields, the boundless steppes,The Dnieper's plunging shoreMy eyes could see, my ears could hearThe mighty river roar.When from Ukraine the Dnieper bearsInto the deep blue seaThe blood of foes ... then will I leaveThese hills and fertile fields --I'll leave them all and fly awayTo the abode of God,And then I'll pray .... But until that dayI nothing know of God.Oh bury me, then rise ye upAnd break your heavy chainsAnd water with the tyrants' bloodThe freedom you have gained.And in the great new family,The family of the free,With softly spoken, kindly wordRemember also me.
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