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  • The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Operant and

    Classical Conditioning

  • The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Operant and

    Classical Conditioning

    Edited byFrances K. McSweeney and Eric S. Murphy

  • This edition first published 2014 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data is available for this book.

    The Wiley Blackwell handbook of operant and classical conditioning / edited by Frances K. McSweeney and Eric S. Murphy. pages cm Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-1-118-46818-0 (cloth) 1. Operant conditioning. 2. Classical conditioning. I. McSweeney, Frances K., editor of compilation. II. Murphy, Eric S., editor of compilation. BF319.5.O6W53 2014 153.1'526dc23 2013051179

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    Cover image: Animal behaviour experiment, pigeon and Skinner box. Photo Researchers / Science Photo LibraryCover design by Cyan Design

    Set in 10/12.5 pt GalliardStd-Roman by Toppan Best-set Premedia Limited

    1 2014

  • Contents

    Contributors ixPreface xxi

    I BasicClassicalConditioning 1

    1 PrinciplesofPavlovianConditioning:Description,Content,Function 3Daniel A. Gottlieb and Elizabeth L. Begej

    2 BuildingaTheoryofPavlovianConditioningfromtheInsideOut 27Douglas A. Williams

    3 AContemporaryBehavioralPerspectiveonExtinction 53Drina Vurbic and Mark E. Bouton

    4 ProloguetoHabituation:AHistory 77Richard F. Thompson

    Habituation:AHistory 79Richard F. Thompson

    II AppliedClassicalConditioning 95

    5 ConditionedTasteAversionLearning:RelationshiptoNauseaandConditionedDisgust 97Linda A. Parker

    6 PavlovianFearConditioning:Function,Cause,andTreatment 117Michael S. Fanselow and Sarah R. Sterlace

    7 BehavioralConditioningofImmuneResponses:AnOverviewandConsiderationofClinicalApplications 143Alexander W. Kusnecov

  • vi Contents

    III BasicOperantConditioning 165

    8 BasicPrinciplesofOperantConditioning 167Eric S. Murphy and Gwen J. Lupfer

    9 Choice 195James E. Mazur and Edmund Fantino

    10 ConditionedReinforcement 221Matthew C. Bell and Margaret A. McDevitt

    11 BehavioralMomentumandResistancetoChange 249Andrew R. Craig, John A. Nevin, and Amy L. Odum

    12 BehavioralEconomicsandtheAnalysisofConsumptionandChoice 275Steven R. Hursh

    13 DelayandProbabilityDiscounting 307Leonard Green, Joel Myerson, and Ariana Vanderveldt

    14 Characteristics,Theories,andImplicationsofDynamicChangesinReinforcerEffectiveness 339Frances K. McSweeney and Eric S. Murphy

    15 VerbalBehavior 369David C. Palmer

    16 AnimalCognition 393William A. Roberts

    17 InstrumentalandClassicalConditioning:Intersections,InteractionsandStimulusControl 417Stanley J. Weiss

    IV AppliedOperantConditioning 453

    18 ModernAnimalTraining:ATransformativeTechnology 455Karen Pryor and Kenneth Ramirez

    19 AutismandBehaviorAnalysis:HistoryandCurrentStatus 483Travis Thompson

    20 Parenting 509Raymond G. Miltenberger and Kimberly A. Crosland

    21 BehaviorAnalysisinEducation 533Janet S. Twyman

    22 OperantConditioninginDevelopmentalDisabilities 559Jeffrey H. Tiger, Brittany C. Putnam, and Caitlin S. Peplinski

    23 PrecisionTeaching:TheLegacyofOgdenLindsley 581Kent Johnson and Elizabeth M. Street

  • Contents vii

    24 BehavioralPharmacology:ABriefOverview 611John M. Roll

    25 ContingencyManagementTreatmentsforSubstance-UseDisordersandHealthyBehaviors 627Leonardo F. Andrade and Nancy M. Petry

    26 OrganizationalBehaviorManagement:Past,Present,andFuture 645William B. Abernathy and Darnell Lattal

    27 ClinicalBehaviorAnalysis 669William C. Follette and Sabrina M. Darrow

    28 Aging 695Jonathan C. Baker and Linda A. LeBlanc

    Index 715

  • Contributors

    William B. Abernathy received his masters in Experimental Psychology from Vanderbilt University and his Ph.D. in Industrial/Organizational Psychology from the Ohio State University. He taught Psychology at Ohio University and then left to join Edward J. Feeney & Associates, a consulting firm that specialized in applying behavioral principles in the workplace. He founded Abernathy & Associates in 1981 to assist client organizations in the design and management of organization-wide performance systems. His firm worked with more than 170 organizations in the United States and abroad. Aubrey Daniels International acquired Abernathy & Associates and Dr. Abernathy returned to teaching at Southeastern Louisiana University where he teaches Psychology and coordinates a masters degree program in I/O Psychology. Dr. Abernathy is the author of three books: The sin of wages, Pay for profit, and Human performance diagnostics.

    Leonardo F. Andrade is currently completing a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine. He earned his masters degree from the University of Brasilia (Brazil) and his doctorate from the University of Florida. His research focuses on impulsive decision-making, and its relationship to treatment and relapse. He has examined impulsivity from the context of delay and probability discounting in samples of alcohol and drug abusing patients as well as problem gam-blers. His research interests also extend to the application of contingency manage-ment to promote abstinence from drugs and medication adherence, and to increase job-seeking activities and physical exercise.

    Jonathan C. Baker is an Associate Professor in the Behavior Analysis and Therapy Program in the Rehabilitation Institute at Southern Illinois University (SIU) and coordinator of the Graduate Certificate in Gerontology at SIU. He received his Ph.D. from Western Michigan University (2009) in Behavioral Psychology, an M.S. (2005) in Applied Behavioral Sciences and a certificate in Gerontology from the University of Kansas. He is a Doctoral-level Board Certified Behavior Analyst and serves on the Editorial Board of The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, as well as a guest reviewer for the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, the Journal of Organizational Behavior

  • x Contributors

    Management, and The Psychological Record. Dr. Baker is the current chair of the Behavioral Gerontology Special Interest Group with Association for Behavior Analysis International. Dr. Bakers interests in behavioral gerontology include the assessment/treatment of behavioral excesses and developing programs that remediate behavioral deficits in older adults with dementia, as well as treatment adoption.

    Elizabeth L. Begej received her B.S in. Psychology from Sweet Briar College in 2013. As an undergraduate, she studied cognitive and behavioral processes and assisted in Daniel Gottliebs animal learning laboratory. Elizabeth plans to pursue graduate study in Psychology.

    Matthew C. Bell is an Associate Professor in the Psychology Department at Santa Clara University, where he has been a part of the faculty since 2001. He earned his B.S. in Psychology from the University of New Mexico and his M.A. and Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology at the University of California, San Diego. As an experi-mental psychologist and behavior analyst, he studies conditioned reinforcement, choice, and persistence using pigeons as subjects and also collaborates with Dr. Patti Simone studying remembering in older adults.

    Mark E. Bouton, Ph.D, is the Lawson Green and Gold Professor of Psychology at the University of Vermont. He has studied extinction, and the effects of context on extinction learning and extinction performance, fo