Dairy ingredients for food processing wiley-blackwell (2011)

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  • Dairy Ingredients for Food Processing

  • Dairy Ingredients for Food Processing

    Edited byRamesh C. ChandanArun Kilara

    A John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Publication

  • Edition fi rst published 2011

    2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

    Blackwell Publishing was acquired by John Wiley & Sons in February 2007. Blackwells publishing program has been merged with Wileys global Scientifi c, Technical, and Medical business to form Wiley-Blackwell.

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    Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books.

    Designations used by companies to distinguish their products are often claimed as trademarks. All brand names and product names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. The publisher is not associated with any product or vendor men-tioned in this book. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. It is sold on the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering professional services. If professional advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought.

    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataDairy ingredients for food processing / edited by Ramesh C. Chandan, Arun Kilara. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-8138-1746-0 (hardback) 1. Dairy processing. 2. Dairy products. 3. Dairy microbiology. I. Chandan, Ramesh C. II. Kilara, Arun. SF250.5.D34 2011 637dc22 2010040943

    ISBN 9780813817460

    A catalog record for this book is available from the U.S. Library of Congress.

    Set in 10 on 12 pt Times by Toppan Best-set Premedia Limited

    DisclaimerThe publisher and the author make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this work and specifi cally disclaim all warranties, including without limitation warranties of fi tness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales or promotional materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for every situ-ation. This work is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional services. If professional assistance is required, the services of a com-petent professional person should be sought. Neither the publisher nor the author shall be liable for damages arising herefrom. The fact that an organization or Website is referred to in this work as a citation and/or a potential source of further information does not mean that the author or the publisher endorses the information the organization or Website may provide or recommendations it may make. Further, readers should be aware that Internet Websites listed in this work may have changed or disappeared between when this work was written and when it is read.

    1 2011

  • vContents

    Contributors viiPreface xi

    1. Dairy Ingredients for Food Processing: An Overview 3Ramesh C. Chandan

    2. Chemical, Physical, and Functional Characteristics of Dairy Ingredients 35Stephanie R. Pritchard and Kasipathy Kailasapathy

    3. Microbiological Aspects of Dairy Ingredients 59Michael Rowe and John Donaghy

    4. Processing Principles of Dairy Ingredients 103Arun Kilara

    5. Concentrated Fluid Milk Ingredients 123Nana Y. Farkye and Shakeel ur-Rehman

    6. Dry Milk Ingredients 141Mary Ann Augustin and Phillip Terence Clarke

    7. Casein, Caseinates, and Milk Protein Concentrates 161Mary Ann Augustin, Christine M. Oliver, and Yacine Hemar

    8. Whey-based Ingredients 179Lee M. Huffman and Lilian de Barros Ferreira

    9. Butter and Butter Products 199Anna M. Fearon

    10. Principles of Cheese Technology 225Ramesh C. Chandan and Rohit Kapoor

    11. Manufacturing Outlines and Applications of Selected Cheese Varieties 267Ramesh C. Chandan and Rohit Kapoor

    12. Enzyme-modifi ed Dairy Ingredients 317Arun Kilara and Ramesh C. Chandan

    13. Fermented Dairy Ingredients 335Junus Salampessy and Kasipathy Kailasapathy

  • vi Contents

    14. Functional Ingredients from Dairy Fermentations 357Ebenezer R. Vedamuthu

    15. Dairy-based Ingredients: Regulatory Aspects 375Dilip A. Patel

    16. Nutritive and Health Attributes of Dairy Ingredients 387Ramesh C. Chandan

    17. Dairy Ingredients in Dairy Food Processing 421Tonya C. Schoenfuss and Ramesh C. Chandan

    18. Dairy Ingredients in Bakery, Snacks, Sauces, Dressings, Processed Meats, and Functional Foods 473Ramesh C. Chandan

    19. Dairy Ingredients in Chocolate and Confectionery Products 501Jorge Bouzas and Steven Hess

    20. Dairy Ingredients in Infant and Adult Nutrition Products 515Jeffrey Baxter, Steven Dimler, and Nagendra Rangavajala

    Index 533

  • vii

    Contributors

    Mary Ann Augustin, PhD Chapters 6 and 7 CSIRO Food and Nutritional Sciences 671 Sneydes Road Werribee, Victoria 3030, Australia Phone: + 61 3 9731 3486 Maryann.Augustin@csiro.au

    Jeffery Baxter, PhD Chapter 20 Abbott Laboratories Department 105220, Building RP3 - 2 3300 Stelzer Road Columbus, Ohio 43219, USA Phone: (614) 624 - 3500 jeffrey.baxter@abbott.com

    Jorge Bouzas, PhD Chapter 19 The Hershey Company Technical Center, 1025 Reese Avenue PO Box 805 Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA Phone: (717) 534 - 5216 jbouzas@hersheys.com

    Ramesh C. Chandan, PhD Chapters 1 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 16 , 17 , and 18 1364 126th Avenue NW Minneapolis, MN 55448 - 4004, USA Phone: (763) 862 - 4768 chandanrc@aol.com

    Phillip Terence Clarke, PhD Chapter 6 CSIRO Food and Nutritional Sciences 671 Sneydes Road Werribee, Victoria 3030, Australia Phone: + 61 3 9731 3359 Phil.Clarke@csiro.au

    Steven Dimler Chapter 20 Abbott Laboratories Department 105220, Building RP3 - 2 3300 Stelzer Road Columbus, Ohio 43219, USA Phone: (614) 624 - 3500 steven.dimler@abbott.com

    John Donaghy, PhD Chapter 3 Agri - Food and Biosciences Institute Newforge Lane Belfast, Northern Ireland BT9 5PX, UK Phone: + 44 (0) 2890 255364 John.Donaghy@afbini.gov.uk

    Nana Y. Farkye, PhD Chapter 5 Dairy Products Technology Center California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo, CA 93407 - 0251, USA Phone: (805) 756 - 6100 nfarkye@calpoly.edu

  • viii Contributors

    Anna M. Fearon, PhD Chapter 9 Food Chemistry Branch Agri - Food and Biosciences Institute New Forge Lane Belfast, Northern Ireland, BT9 5PX, UK Phone: + 44 (0) 2890 255364 ann.fearon@afbini.gov.uk

    Lilian de Barros Ferreira, PhD Chapter 8 Senior Research Engineer Fonterra Research Centre Private Bag 11029, Dairy Farm Rd Palmerston North, New Zealand 4442 Phone: + 64 6 350 4649 lilian.ferreira@fonterra.com

    Yacine Hemar, PhD Chapter 7 Food Physics, Chemistry Department University of Auckland Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand Phone: + 64 9 3737599, Ext. 89676 y.hemar@auckland.ac.nz

    Steven Hess, PhD Chapter 19 The Hershey Company Technical Center, 1025 Reese Avenue PO Box 805 Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA Phone: (717) 534 - 6149 shess@hersheys.com

    Lee M. Huffman, PhD Chapter 8 Science Group Leader, Food Solutions The New Zealand Institute of Plant & Food Research Limited Private Bag 11 600, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand Physical Address: Plant & Food Research Palmerston NorthFood Industry Science Centre, Fitzherbert Science Centre Batchelar Rd, Palmerston North, New Zealand Phone: + 64 6 355 6153 lee.huffman@plantandfood.co.nz www.plantandfood.com

    Rohit Kapoor, PhD Chapters 10 and 11 Bongards Creameries 13200 County Road 51 Norwood, Minnesota 55368, USA Phone: (952) 466 - 3555 rohitk@bongards.com

    Kasipathy Kailasapathy, PhD Chapters 2, 13 School of Natural Sciences Centre for Plant and Food Sciences University of Western Sydney DC, Locked Bag 1797 South Penrith, New South Wales 1797 Australia Phone : + 61 2 45 701 653 k.kailasapathy@uws.edu.au

  • Contributors ix

    Arun Kilara, PhD Chapters 4 and 12 Nutri + Food Business Consulting 117 Westside Drive Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516 - 4431, USA Phone: (919)968 - 9322, offi ce; (919) 370 - 9684, home Cell phone: (603) 491 - 5045 Website: www.nfbconsultants.com AK@nfbconsultants.com

    Christine Oliver, PhD Chapter 7 CSIRO Food and Nutritional Sciences 671 Sneydes Road Werribee, Victoria 3030, Australia Phone: + 61 3 9731 3458 Christine1.Oliver@csiro.au

    Dilip A. Patel, PhD Chapter 15 Sterling Technology, Inc. 133, 32nd Avenue South Brookings, South Dakota 57006, USA Phone: 605 - 692 - 5552 dilip_32@hotmail.com

    Stephanie R. Pritchard, PhD Chapter 2 University of W