BY: MEGAN RESENER
3 Levels of Government in the United States
About the Author
My name is Megan Resener and I am a Special Education teacher. This book is designed to be used to help students struggling with 3rd grade social studies. It specifically focuses on the different levels of the government and the explains each to the students. The goal of the Ebook is to help students learn about the topic while allowing them to interact and feel like they are involved in the learning. They can do things such as play review games and click on pictures to learn more. Students also love things that involve technology. This incorporates both reading and technology and is a great way for children to learn.
Standard: 3.2.4 Explain that the United States has three levels of government (local, state, national) and that each level has spe-cial duties and responsibilities.
USER GUIDEThis Ebook is very easy to use for both students and their parents. It is broken up into three separate chapters on the three levels of govern-ment and then goes into detail about each. The book also includes an introduction and conclusion. There are pictures located throughout the book and you should click on them because many of them have pop up bubbles that give you more informa-tion on the picture. There are also review quizzes throughout the book and you can select your an-swer and then check it to see if you got it right. It is a great way to practice what you know.
The National Government
The national government deals with issues that effect the entire country as a whole. People from all the different states work together to make the decisions for the entire country as whole. The main goal of the national government is to unify the United States of America. Without the national government our country would just be 5o separate with nothing holding us together.
3 sections of the national government
WHO WORKS FOR THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
1. The President (click on image above)
2. The Vice President
The House of Representatives
5. Supreme Court Judges
*Fun Fact: People often refer to The United States National Government as the Federal Government*
PeopleThe President & Vice President
The President is the leader of the federal government. The president is elected by the citizens of our country. The president has many jobs, lets go over a few exam-ples of some jobs the president has. The president often suggests laws he/she thinks should be created to congress. He also hires people to work for him, because it is a big job that one person cannot do alone. So he chooses people to be in charge of things such as war or the budget. He is also in charge of creating a budget for on country which will outline how America should spend their money. One of the most important jobs of the President is to handle crisis, there is no rule on what is a crisis and what isnt but one example of a crisis is 9/11. The Vice Presi-dent is the Presidents assistant. They will take over if the president has to quit, is sick and cant preform their duties for a certain time, or dies. The are also the leader of the senate.
The job of the cabinet is to give advice to the president on different issues. The president chooses who he wants to be a member of his cabinet and can also choose to replace them at anytime. Some examples of cabinet jobs are Secretary of State, Secretary of Treasury, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of Commerce, Secretary of Education, Secretary of Homeland Security, White House Chief of Staff and more.
The US Congress is made up of two different parts; they are the House of Represen-tatives and the Senate. Congress job is to create laws for the country to follow. Members of Congress are divided into different committees that focus on certain topics that they focus on such as education and agriculture. The number of House of Representatives per state is based on their population, while each state has 2 Senate members no matter the population. There are 435 members in the house and 200 in the Senate. A term in the House of Representatives last 2 years and one in the Senate lasts 6 years.
The Supreme Court
There are 9 supreme court justices and when they are appointed they are ap-pointed for life. The supreme court has the last decision on what is constitutional and what is not. If someone tries to make a rule that is unconstitutional the su-preme court can strike it down. This power is known is judicial review. 4
WHAT ISSUES DOES THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
1. Print Money
The US Bureau of Printing and Engraving (BEP) is the department that is in charge of printing money for our government. The main thing they do is print paper money but they also print things such as award certificates, invitations, identification cards, and other security cards for the government. They do not produce coins, that is done by the United States Mint. The BEP has two locations one in Washington DC and the other in Fort Worth, Texas.
2. Regulate Trade
The Federal Government is also in charge of regulating trade. They regulate trade between the states as well trade with other countries. There are many regulations that the government can put in place in order to control trade. One of those is Tariffs which is a tax placed on imports to protect businesses in the United States so they do not lose business to other countries. Another way to this is for the government to create Quotas which limit the amount of a certain item that is allowed to be imported. The United States department of Commerce is who is in charge of making these rules and regulating trade and they are headed by the Secretary of Commerce
3. Foreign Policy A main function of the US government is creating good relationships with over 200 other countries around the world. The main goal of this is to prevent conflict with other countries. A big job of foreign policy is creating relationships with leaders in other countries. Foreign policy also includes other things such as aiding countries in times of natural disaster, help negotiate treaties between other countries, and help maintain the international economy. The president is the one who makes treaties and chooses people (ambassadors) to represent us in other countries
4. Issues Regarding War The power of who controls war is split among the national government. Congress is the one who declares war and is who declares war and funds the army and wars. The president thought is the Commander in Chief of the army which means he is the highest ranking official in the army
The State Government
It would be hard for the federal government to be able to run everything for all 50 states. So to help them each state has its own state gov-ernment that is in charge of that state indi-vidually. There are certain powers given di-rectly to the state and some given to the fed-eral government and some they share. This chapter will go over the people, issues, and court system of the state government.
WHO WORKS FOR THE STATE GOVERNMENT
The Governor is elected by the people for a term of 4 years. They are the leader of the executive branch. They are in charge of making sure everyone who works for the state is doing their job. They have the ability to reject laws passed by the state congress as well as the role of preparing the budget. Their are also the main person who has contact with the federal government.
2. Lieutenant Governor
The Lieutenant Government is the second in command behind the governor. They will fill in for the governor if they are unable to do their job. They also take over as Governor if the current Governor dies, quits, or is fired. They are also often the head of the State Senate.
3. Secretary of State
The Secretary of State is the third highest ranking job in the Indiana government. Their main job is maintaining state records. But as the government got bigger they got more jobs, they do things such as overseeing new businesses, regulation of the security, in charge motorized vehicle departments, and in charge of state elections.
4. State Congress
The State is divided into districts and each district has one Senator and a certain number of representatives that is based on population that represents them. The Senate is considered the upper house and the House of Reps is the lower house. They are both in charge of creating and passing laws. Whichever house creates the law and passes it first must then send it to the other house for them to pass and then send it to the governor for final passing.
Who is the Leader of the State Senate
B. Lieutenant Governor
C. Secretary of State
WHAT KIND OF ISSUES DOES THE STATE
GOVERNMENT DEAL WITH?
Each state has a Department of Motor Vehicles that is in charge of vehicle registration and giving out drivers license. They administer written and hands-on driving tests before giving out them their license. They are in charge of registering vehicles providing each vehicle with a license plate.