General knowledge-know-everything

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  • 1. 2009General knowledge RAVI KUMAR Special Training program, IEG 1/1/2009Dr. Depak Muniraj http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/

2. Index1. Earth Some Important Facts2. Indian States International Boundaries3. Important Crops India4. Important National Highways5. Important Rivers India6. Important River Valley Projects7. Important Indian Town Rivers8. Hill Stations India9. Sanctuaries and Parks in India10. Mineral Resources of India**********1. Important Days2. Books and Authors3. Independence Days of Various Countries4. First in the World5. Epithets6. Biggest Highest Largest Longest in the World7. Worlds Highest Mountain Peaks8. Inventions and Discoveries9. National Emblems10. Worlds Prominent Scientists*****************1. Nick Names of Important Indian Places2. Recipients of Bharat Ratna3. Important Sites in India4. First in India Men5. First in India Women6. Persons & PlacesDr. Depak Muniraj http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/ 3. INDIA IN SCIENCE & TECH1. Elements Symbols and Atomic Numbers2. Indias Dream Launch PSLV C73. Some Important Facts of Human Body4. Milestones in Medicine5. Science Terminology6. National Surveys and Other Institutions in India7. Noice ScaleINDIAN HISTROY1. Buddhism2. Newspaper Journals3. Constitutional Development4. Jainism5. Governor Generals of India6. Important National Activities7. Venue, Year and Presidents of India National Congress (INC)WORLD1. Famous towns in world2. Famous places in world3. Mountains,peaks of the world4. Some highest waterfalls5. Largest lakes of the world6. Solar system7. Cities situated on river sidesDr. Depak Munirajhttp://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/ 4. 1INDIA-IDr. Depak Muniraj http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/ 5. Earth Some Important Facts---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Age4,550 million yearsMass 5.976 x 10kgVolume 1.083 x 10 litresMean Density 5.518 kg/ltTotal Surface Area 510 million sq.kmLand Area29.2% of the total surface areaWater Area 70.8% of the total surface areaEquatorial Diameter12,755 kmPolar Diameter 12,712 kmEscape Velocity11.2 km/secHighest Land Point Mount Everest (8,852 m)Lowest Land PointDead Sea (396 m)Greatest Ocean Depth Mariana Trench (11,033 m)Equatorial Circumference 40,076 kmPolar Circumference40,024 kmMean Surface Temperature 14CMaximum distance from sun About 152 million km(Aphelion)Minimum distance from sun About 147 million km(Perihelion)Rotation Speed 23 hrs, 56 min & 40.91 secRevolution Speed 365 days, 5hrs & 45.51 sec Mar,21 (Vernal Equinox); Sept. 23 (AutumnalDates when days & nights are equal Equinox)Dates of longest days and shortest June 21 (Summer Solstice); Dec, 22 (Winter Solstice)nightsDr. Depak Muniraj http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/ 6. Indian States International Boundaries---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 Bordering Pakistan Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat. Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim,2 Bordering China Arunachal Pradesh.3 Bordering NepalBihar, Uttaranchal, UP, Sikkim, West Bengal Bordering4West Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura, Assam Bangladesh5 Bordering Bhutan West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam6 Bordering Myanmar Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram Bordering7Jammu and Kashmir (Pakistan - occupied area) Afghanistan Important Crops India----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1Rice West Bengal, Punjab, UP2WheatUP, Punjab, Haryana3MaizeMadhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka4BajraRajasthan, Gujarat, UP5JowarMaharashtra, Karnataka, MP, AP TOTAL6COARSE Maharashtra, Karnataka, UP CEREALS TOTAL7 MP, UP, Maharashtra PULSES TOTAL FOOD8 UP, Punjab, West Bengal GRAINS9GroundnutGujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra PradeshDr. Depak Munirajhttp://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/ 7. Rapeseed And10 Rajasthan, UP, HaryanaMustard11 SoyabeanMadhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan12 Sunflower Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, MaharashtraTOTAL OIL13 MP, Maharashtra, RajasthanSEEDS14 Sugarcane UP, Maharashtra, Karnataka15 CottonMaharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh16 Jute and MestaWB, Bihar, Assam17 Tea Assam, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh18 CoffeeKarnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu19 RubberKerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka Karnataka, Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh. In India all 420 Silkvarieties of silk are available; Mulberry, tussar, eri and muga. Mulberry is the main variety, while tussar is mainly found in Bihar.21 Tobacco Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, KarnatakaImportant National Highways---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo National HighwaysConnects1NH 1New Delhi - Ambala - Jalandhar - Amritsar.2NH 2Delhi - Mathura - Agra - Kanpur - Allahabad - Varanasi - Kolkata3NH 3Agra - Gwalior - Nasik - Mumbai4NH 4Thane and Chennai via Pune and Belgaun.5NH 5Kolkata - Chennai6NH 6Kolkata - Dhule7NH 7Varanasi - Kanyakumari8NH 8Delhi - Mumbai (Via Jaipur, Baroda and Ahmedabad)9NH 9Mumbai - Vijaywada10 NH 10 Delhi - FazilkaDr. Depak Muniraj http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/ 8. Important Rivers India--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo Name Origin From Falls into Length (km)23Tungabhadra Western GhatsKrishna river6401 GangesCombined Sources Bay of Bengal25252 SatlujMansarovar Rakas Lakes Chenab 10503 Indus Near Mansarovar Lake Arabian Sea28804 RaviKullu Hills near Rohtang PassChenab 7205 BeasNear Rohtang PassSatluj 4706 JhelumVerinag in Kashmir Chenab 7257 YamunaYamunotriGanga13758 Chambal M.P. Yamuna 10509 GhagraMatsatung GlacierGanga108010KosiNear Gosain Dham PeakGanga73011Betwa Vindhyanchal Yamuna 48012Son Amarkantak Ganga78013Brahmaputra Near Mansarovar Lake Bay of Bengal290014Narmada Amarkantak Gulf of Khambat 105715Tapti Betul Distt. In M.P. Gulf of Khambat 72416MahanadiRaipur Distt. In Chhatisgarh Bay of Bengal85817LuniAravallisRann of Kuchchh 45018Ghaggar HimalayasNear Fatehabad 49419Sabarmati AravallisGulf of Khambat 41620Krishna Western GhatsBay of Bengal021GodavariNasik Distt. In MaharashtraBay of Bengal146522Cauvery Brahmagir Range of Western Ghats Bay of Bengal805Dr. Depak Muniraj http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/ 9. Important River Valley Projects---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SnoProject Name River NameOn Sutlaj in Punjab. Highest in India. Ht 226 m. Reservoir is1 Bhakra Nangal Projectcalled Gobind Sagar Lake.2 Mandi Project On Beas in HPChambal ValleyOn Chambal in MP & Rajasthan. 3 dams are there: Gandhi3Project Sagar Dam, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam and Jawahar Sagar Dam.Damodar ValleyOn Damodar in Bihar. Based on Tennessee Valley Project,4Project USA.5 Hirakud Project On Mahanadi in Orissa. Worlds longest dam: 4801mOn Son in Mirzapur, Reservoir is called Govind Vallabh Pant6 Rihand Projectreservoir.7 Kosi ProjectOn Kosi in N.Bihar.8 Mayurkashi ProjectOn Mayrukashi in WB.9 Kakrapara Project On Tapi in Gujarat.10Nizamsagar ProjectOn Manjra in AP.Nagarjuna Sagar11On Krishna in APProject12Tungabhadra Project On Tungabhadra in AP & KarnatakaShivasamudram On Cauvery in Karnataka. It is the oldest river valley project of13Project India.14Tata Hydel Scheme On Bhima in MaharashtraSharavathi Hydel15On Jog Falls in KarnatakaProjectKundah & Periyar16In TNProjectOn Ganga in WB. Apart from power and irrigation it helps to17Farakka Projectremove silt for easy navigation.18Ukai ProjectOn Tapti in Gujarat19Mahi ProjectOn Mahi in GujaratDr. Depak Muniraj http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/ 10. 20Salal Project On Chenab in J & KMata Tila21On Betwa in UP & MPMultipurpose Project22Thein Project On Ravi, Punjab23Pong DamOn Beas, Punjab24Tehri Project On Bhgirathi, Uttaranchal25Sardar Sarovar Project On Narmada, Gujarat/MP. Important Indian Town Rivers -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNoTown River1 Allahabad At the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna2 Patna Ganga3 VaranasiGanga4 KanpurGanga5 Hardwar Ganga6 Badrinath Alaknanda7 AgraYamuna8 Delhi Yamuna9 Mathura Yamuna10FerozpurSatluj11LudhianaSatluj12SrinagarJhelum13Lucknow Gomti14Jaunpur Gomti15Ayodhya Saryu16BareillyRam Ganga17Ahmedabad Sabarmati18KotaChambalDr. Depak Muniraj http://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/ 11. 19JabalpurNarmada20Panji Mandavi21UjjainKshipra22Surat Tapti23JamshedpurSwarnarekha24Dibrugarh Brahmaputra25GuwahatiBrahmaputra26Kolkata Hooghly27Sambalpur Mahanadi28Cuttack Mahanadi29Serirangapatnam Cauvery30Hyderabad Musi31Nasik Godavari32Vijayvada Krishna33Curnool Tungabhadra34TiruchirapalliCauveryHill Stations India ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Hill StationsState NameAlmora (Kumaon hills) Uttar PradeshCherrapunji (Shillong)MeghalayaCoonoor (Nilgiri hills) Tamil NaduDalhousie Himachal PradeshDarjeelingWest BengalGulmarg Kashmir (Highest)Kasauli (Shimla)Himachal PradeshKodaikanalTamil NaduDr. Depak Munirajhttp://depakmuniraj.blogspot.in/ 12. Mahabaleshwar MaharashtraMt. Abu RajasthanMussoorie UttaranchalNainitalUttaranchalOotacamundTamil NaduPachmarhi Madhya PradeshRanchiJharkhandShillong (Khasi hills)MeghalayaShimlaHimachal PradeshSrinagarJammu & KashmirSanctuaries and Parks in India ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------NameLocation Reserves forBilaspur,Tiger, bear, chital,Achanakmar SanctuaryChhattisgarh sambar, bison Tiger, panther,Shahdol, MadhyaBandhavgarh National Parkchital, nilgai, wildPradesh bearBorder ofElephant, tigers,Bandipur SanctuaryKarnataka andpanther, sambar,Tamil Nadu deer, birds Elephant, chital,Banarghatta Bangalore deer, gray Partridges, greenNational Park Ka