2. Mexican-American War (1846-1848) 3. Wilmot Proviso
In 1846 David Wilmot introduced his proviso
neither slavery or involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any territory obtained from Mexico
4. Comp. of 1850
The Compromise will settle all questions in controversy between the free and slave states, growing out of the subject of slavery
5. Comp. of 1850 (cont.)
Cali = free state
Utah and N. Mexico decide
Texas-N. Mexico boundary settled
Sale of slaves in D.C. ends, slavery continues
Fugitive Slave Act
6. Words from Sen. Daniel Webster
I hear with pain, and anguish, and distress, the wordsecession , especially when it falls from the lips of those who are eminently patriotic Secession! Peaceable secession!... There can be no such thing as peaceable secession
7. Stephan A. Douglas
Senator (Illinois) introduces the compromise piece by piece
Aided by new president, Millard Fillmore
8. Fugitive Slave Act
The colored mens rights are less than those of a jackass. No man can take away a jackass without submitting the matter to twelve men in any part of this country. A black man may be carried away without any reference to a jury. It is only necessary to claim him, and that some villain should swear to his identity. There is more protection there for a horse, for a donkey, or anything, rather than a colored man.
9. Solomon Northup
Twelve Years a Slave (1853)
I at once accepted the tempting offer, both for the reward it promised, and from a desire to visit the metropolis.
The next morning they suggested that, inasmuch as we were about entering a slave State, it would be well, before leaving New-York, to procure free papers.
I thought at the time I must confess, that the papers were scarcely worth the cost of obtaining themthe apprehension of danger to my personal safety never having suggested itself to me in the remotest manner.
How long I remained in that condition whether only that night, or many days and nights I do not know; but when consciousness returned I found myself alone, in utter darkness, and in chains.
11. 12. Northern response
Personal liberty laws (nullification???)
Underground Railroad (H. Tubman)
Uncle Toms Cabin(H. Beecher Stowe)
13. Nebraska and Kansas
Stephan Douglas believed inpopular sovereignty
N & K lay ABOVE the 36 line (Miss. Comp)
Douglas tried to nullify the Missouri Comp.
If the people of Kansas want a slaveholding state, let them have it, and if they want a free state they have a right to it, and it is not for the people of Illinois, or Missouri, or New York, or Kentucky, to complain, whatever the decision of Kansas may be .
14. Miss. Compromise (1820) 15. Comp. of 1850 16. Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 17. Bleeding Kansas
March 1855 Election
Missourians cross the border, vote illegally
Create the city of Lecompton (proslavery)
18. Sack of Lawrence
May 1856, 800 men destroy the city of Lawrence
19. Pottawatomie Massacre
5 men pulled from their homes
Hands chopped off
Stabbed them with artillery swords
20. John Brown
Passionate idealist who believed that God sent him to fight slavery
21. Sumner-Brooks affair
Senator Sumner (MA), The Crime Against Kansas
Brooks (SC) defend Butlers honor
22. 23. Republican Party
Free-Soil Party (1848)
Division in the Whig party over slavery (1852)
Know-Nothing Party (1854)
No slavery in the territories!!
24. John C. Fremont
First Republican candidate
Split vote in 1856 with M. Fillmore
25. Dred Scott v Sanford (1857)
Slave from MO, taken to free territory
Returned to Missouri, should he be free?
Justice Roger Taney
We think they [slaves] are not included, and were not intended to be included, under the word citizens in the Constitution, and can thereforeclaim none of the rights and privileges which that instrument provides for and secures to citizens of the United States.
Also Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional (right to own property, 5 th )
27. Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Illinois Senate race 1858
7 outdoor debates over slavery
Douglas Popular sovereignty
Lincoln- moral sin
28. 29. Debates
LincolnI am not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing about the social and political equality of the white and black races.
DouglasSlavery cannot exist a day or an hour anywhere, unless it is supported by local police regulations.