Status of ICT development in Lao PDR

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Status of ICT development in Lao PDR

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<ul><li> 1. Regional Workshop on Knowledge-hubs in Asia-Pacific RegionNanjing, China, 8-10 September 2009 Telecenter Development in Laos Mr. Phonpasit PHISSAMAYDirector General Information technology Research Institute National Authority for Science and Technology </li></ul> <p> 2. Outline Laos facts (ICT) Telecenter initiatives E-Government Project Conclusion 3. Laos Fact Total population 5.62 Million Rural population 69 % GDP per capita USD 850 Literacy rate85% Tele-density 28 % Telephone lines per 100 inhabitants2.59 Cell phone subscribers per 100 inhabitants 25.4 Computers per 100 inhabitants1.7 Internet users per 100 inhabitants 2.3 Internet hosts per 10,000 inhabitants0.022 Internet cafes per 10,000 inhabitants0.71 4. First Telecenter Project in Laos Name: E-Way Location: Luang Prabang Province (UNESCO Heritage City) Funded by: International Development Research Center (250,000 $) Implemented by: National Authority for Science and Technology Objective: Internet access for the Local communities people Computer and English training center Content creation and distribution for the Local communities Service Operation: 2003-2005: Participate Development Training Center (Local NGO) 2006: Science and Technology Provincial office Luang Prabang 2007: Stop operation and give the equipment to school. 5. Barriers of e-Way High cost of Internet connection (400$ per month) Ownership High salary for the Telecenter manager and staffs Low participation from the local communities people Low income generationwe could not make the e-way sustainable operation, but we very glad to see the ICT growth in the province: More private Internet caf More computer training schools More local people using Internet for communication 6. Rural Telecenters Project Funded by: Government of India (500,000 USD) Location: 7 centers in 7 provinces along Mekong river (3 local administration, 2 schoolsand 2 Public-private) 3 centers in Vientiane Capital (ministry of public health, agriculture and ruraldevelopment authority: (www.telecentter.gov.la and www.talath.gov.la ) Objective: Information provider (floating, agriculture, healthcare, community project and etc) Support the distribution of local products Service operation: 2006: installation and training for the Center operator 2007: Self operation by the Telecenter operator with the project subsidized forthe Internet connection until December 2008. The status in 2009 Public-Private Telecenter still continue the operation Local administration reserved for Internal use only School has converted to training room and disconnected from Internet 7. Barriers of Rural Telecenter Still high cost of Internet connection (400$ per month) No income for the local administration and school Telecenters, while public-private make great income from tourism business. Content are poor and not regular update by the content provider in Vientiane. Telecenter is lack of its own program to make the equipments more useful. 8. e-Health Center Project Funded by: Asia Development Bank (500,000 USD) Location: 8 Hospital and 8 Healthcare centers in two provinces Objective: Healthcare Information provider (www.health-Center.gov.la) Create the Database for hospital and healthcare center Service operation: Project just started in 2009 and schedule to completed by 2011. 9. National E-Government Project Establish the e-Gov service center (1+16) Establish the e-Gov infrastructure Computerization government offices (130+160+250) Development e-Service application (7) Human Resource Development (40+300+900+3000) (35 millions, 2007-2009) 10. National E-Government Infrastructure WIMAXWIMAX Data Center Data CenterOFCOFC Application Application Servers Servers Core Routers Core Routers FEFE7750 SR7 7750 SR7VientianeFiberFiberLayer 2 SwitchLayer 2 Switch7250 T5C 7250 T5CLAT National16 Governor officesSTM1STM1N GE N GEBackbone 16 E-gov provincial E-govEdge Routersservice centersEdge RoutersVientianeVientianetransmissiontransmission2.5G SDH2.5G SDHEdge RoutersEdge Routers WIMAX WIMAX MW MWSTM 1STM 1WIMAXvWIMAXv STM1 STM1WIMAX WIMAX 25 district and 160provincial divisions 2.5 Gbps backbone between NAST-MOD NAST- NAST-MOD 155 Mbps OFC connecting to 51 ministries offices in Vientiane 155 2 Mbps ADSL connecting to 28 ministries office in Vientiane 2 WIMAXWIMAX Dial-Up/ISDNDial-Dial-Up/ISDN 200 Village Offices 100 VIP houses in Vientiane 11. E-Gov application National e-Gov Portal (www.laos.la) E-Archive E-Document E-Registration E-Map E-Learning Teleconference 12. Conclusion In country such as Laos, with so many pressing basic development needs, it is not surprising that attempts at establish Internet connectivity and E-business have been hampered by a general lack of skills and resource, Low levels of PC penetration, combined with poor telecommunication network with also slow the process. There is currently a high level of interest in ICT development in the country. ICT implementations and strategies, and the allocation of resources, from the government, donors, and the private sectors, towards ICT development are reflected in existing ICT related projects focusing on human resources development, governance, administration, and information management. </p>

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