Water Related Disasters and Concepts of IWRM

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  • Hydro-Climatic Disasters in Water Resources Management30 Nov - 02 Dec 2009, Georgetown, Guyuna

  • No single definitionDisaster event may be classified as; At least 10 people are killed and/or100 or more are affected and/or An appeal for international assistance or A state of emergency is declared

    Q: What defines disaster in Guyana

  • Susman (1990)- Interface between an extreme physical environment and a vulnerable human population

    Anderson (1992) - Temporary event triggered by natural hazards that overwhelm local response capacity and seriously affect social and economic development of the region

  • A disaster a serious disruption of the functioning of a society or communityCauses widespread human, material or environmental loss which exceeds the capacity of the affected society to cope without external intervention

  • What are the important sources in Guyana?

  • Hydro-meteorological: Droughts/famine, Floods, Wind storms, Avalanches, landslides, extreme temperatures, heat waves, hurricanes, forest fires, insect infestations and storm surges Geophysical disasters:Earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunami etc.

  • Global incidence of natural disasters (1991- 2000): most are climate-related

  • Priority 1. Make disaster risk reduction a priority at the national levelPriority 2. Improve risk information and early warning Priority 3. Build understanding and awareness Priority 4. Reduce disaster risks in key sectors Priority 5. Strengthen preparedness and response (Community resilience)

  • Two main function of water resources management Manage for beneficial useControl extreme occurrences

  • Two main function of water resources management Manage for beneficial useControl extreme occurrencesProcess that promotes coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources Aim at maximizing equitable economic and social welfare and sustainability of vital ecosystems

  • IWRM is a systematic processSustainable development/management of water resourcesEquitable allocationsWater efficiency - monitoring WR uses in context text of social-economic / environmental objectives IWRM must be understood as a process than method

  • Limited freshwater sources Growth in population and resultant pressures on WRIncreased economic activities demand and pollution Improved standard of living - higher consumption, hence competition and conflicts Over-exploit of land resources damaging effects on water resources and disasters Climate change and variability impacts A globally accepted concept that makes good sense

  • Principle 1. Fresh water is a finite and vulnerable resource

    Principle 2. Water development and management should be based on a participatory approach,

    Principle 3. Women play a central part in the provision, management and safeguarding of water

    Principle 4. Water has an economic value

  • Main uses:Water for peopleWater for productionWater for ecosystem Each water use has its problems and constraintsCultivate willingness and capacity to address them jointly (water governance)Recognising the inter-related nature and impact of uses and sources an important step in IWRM

  • IWRM and water efficiency strategies are designed to meet development goals Increase production/food securityProtect ecosystemPoverty / vulnerability reductionTackle specific water challengesFloodingMitigating drought effectsIncrease access to water and sanitationAddress competition for water

  • Land and water managementQuality and quantitySurface and groundwaterCross-sectoral and upstream downstream dialogueFreshwater and coastal zone management (as a special up-down stream case)

  • IWRM process implies change (reforms)

  • Management InstrumentsEnabling EnvironmentInstitutional FrameworkSets out the GAME RULES

    The players COMPETENCIES and SKILLS(needed to play the game)

    CHANGES CAN BE MADE INTODefine:Who the PLAYERS Are what they should do

  • Failure in Agricultural Production Failure in hydro-power based industries Destruction of infrastructure Loss of life & property Disease outbreak & epidemicsEconomic stagnationStress and disaffection

  • Assess to information on hydro-climatic disastersIncrease budgets for water related disastersPromote linkages between IWRM and water related disastersRaising awarenessPromoting disaster knowledge

  • What is the relationship between water and disaster management?

  • Hydro-Climatic disasters will continue to live with us and hence we need to adapt methods to manage them so as to reduce their negative impacts to the society

  • Good management of these disasters would call for maximum utilization of positive impacts minimization of community vulnerability though; Awareness creation Disaster proofingImproving on environmental protectionDevelopment of disaster Early Warning (DEW)Implementation of IWRM process at catchment level REMEMBER: Preparing for disasters is far more cost-effective than to recovering from them after they have occurred