BISSO MARINE ADVANCED BURIAL BACKFILL PLOUGH BURIAL BACKFILL ADVANCED BURIAL BACKFILL PLOUGH. ... provides “on bottom stability” protection which further mitigates environmentaland/or

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  • PIPELINE PLOUGH BURIAL & BACKFILLAD

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    HThroughout most US Territorial Waters, US Federal and State Governmental regulations require marine, offshore andsubsea pipelines to be buried. This requirement exists to assure protection of in situ pipelines from external sourcesof damage from trawling boards, commercial fishing gear, anchors and contact with vessels etc. Pipeline burialprovides on bottom stability protection which further mitigates environmental and/or safety risks generated fromthe effects of hydrodynamic factors including tides, waves and currents resulting in scouring, resonation, verticaland/or horizontal movement of pipelines which are simply laid on the seafloor. Other than for the safety and securityof on bottom stability, the burial of marine, offshore and subsea pipelines can also provide thermal resistancerelated to reductions of hydrates in natural gas pipelines and paraffin wax deposits in oil pipelines. The burial ofpipelines also mitigates risks associated with free span vortex induced vibrations.

    The BISSO MARINE Advanced Burial Plough can either Pre-Trench a trench in which a pipeline can be laid, or theplough can be placed on top of a previously laid pipeline; then pulled by a DP vessel or a moored barge, to Post-Trench the pipeline. Once a pipeline is in the trench, the burial plough is converted to backfill mode and thenpulled over the pipeline which then directs the mound of trenched spoil, back into the trench to cover the pipeline.

    US Waters Burial Depth Standards for pipelines: Standard Gulf of Mexico Depth of cover 3 feet to top of pipe Standard Northeast US Depth of cover 4 feet to top of pipe

    Effects Of Burial Methods On The Marine Ecosystems:Turbidity Cloudiness or haziness of a fluid caused by a large volume of particulate that are generally invisible to thenaked eye, similar to smoke in air. The measurement of turbidity is a key test of water quality.

    Ploughing Minimal turbidity* Conventional Dredging & Rock or Soil Dumping Moderate Turbidity* Jetting & Pumping Significant Turbidity*

    *The seafloors particulate size and weight are the determining factor of the concentration level of turbidity

    Turbidity primarily impacts marine flora and fauna in the following Oceanic Zones: Pelagic Creatures living in the open ocean in water column Benthopelagic Creatures living above seafloor near the sea floor Benthic Creatures living on the seafloorFilter feeders: sponges, cnidarians (jellyfish, anemones, coral), mollusks (clams, oysters, mussels, scallops, snail, squid,octopus), arthropods (crab, shrimp, lobster), echinoderms (starfish, urchin) are particularly susceptible to turbidity.

    BISSO MARINE is cognizant of the varying and vital marine ecosystems and believes in a responsible balancebetween operational and environmental awareness.

  • PRE-PLOUGHING SURVEY & PLANNINGBefore a proper ploughing operation can be performed a feasible pipeline corridor must be established, historicalmetocean and local vessel data must be collected and a proper geophysical and hydrographical surveys must bedone to fully understand the following:

    The historical wind, surface conditions, climate and storm frequency information

    The ocean wave, current and tide information

    The bathymetry and topography of the area

    Identify soil classification and densities, sub-surface

    The nature and composition of the seafloor along the ploughing route

    Identify seafloor obstructions, hazards and anomalies

    Specific historical and current surface vessel and other marine activities

    From the collection of geophysical, metocean, hydrographical and local vessel data, engineering must be performedto better understand the challenges of ploughing operations in specific areas.

    The processed data will determine and identify:

    Pre-ploughing route seafloor preparations (clearance of large boulders, sunken vessels etc.)

    Achievable burial depths (identify challenging or changing soil conditions and any sub-bottom limestone,

    coral or rock layers)

    Determine feasible and preferred methods of plough propulsion (pulling from a moored or a DP asset)

    Identify optimal operational timeframes by determining the most favorable operational windows

    Surface congestion areas and prohibited or restricted industrial activity zones

    From the processed geophysical, metocean, hydrographical and local vessel data subsequent engineering canestablish safe and successful operational strategies, identify and estimate required plough pulling forces andestimated ploughing speeds. Safe and successful ploughing operations, methods and performances can only berealistically estimated after a proper evaluation is performed.

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  • The only US based, owned and operated Pipeline Burial Plough

    ALL ploughing in US waters must be performed by Coastwise Eligible US Flagged assets governed by 46 U.S.C. 55109

    The environmentally friendly BISSO MARINE Advanced Burial and Backfill Pipeline Plough is a uniquely designed tobe a Pre-Trenching, Post-Trenching Burial and Backfill plough mitigating minimal turbidity, seafloor or watercolumn impact. This unique design uses the one chassis for two very different functions which reduces thefootprint, weight and expense of mobilizing two different ploughing tools: one for burial and a separate for backfill.

    The conversion between the two different functions is easily done in about 72 hours at or near the work site byfirst placing the plough on the deck of a barge, vessel or at a shoreside facility; then by removing the plough shareand mouldboard unit and installing the two backfill blades.

    The plough can rapidly be transported worldwide by ship or moved by tug and barge. During a project the ploughcan be transported on the deck of a derrick materials barge and launched and handled by an attending lift vessel.The plough is installed on a pipeline with diver or ROV assistance and observation. Once the Plough is safely on apipeline, All operations are remotely controlled via an umbilical using electronic monitoring and operational controlsystems to monitor plough shares position, towing/pulling forces, pitch, roll, water depth, trench depth, verticaland horizontal forces on the pipeline, pipeline tracking, Mesotech and system diagnostics.

    PLOUGH CONFIGURATIONSAD

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  • Maximum pipe diameter (through plough) 36 (915mm)

    Fully Variable Trenching Depth Depends on Soils Vane Shear and Bollard Pull Force

    Ploughing speed Variable < 750 (.24 km) to > 6,500 (2 km) Per Day, Depending on Soils

    Pre-Trenched/Single Pass Burial Depth 7 (84)(2.13m)*

    Cover Depth 3 (.91m) Top of Pipe - up to 48 total OD **

    Cover Depth 4 (1.21m) Top of Pipe - up to 36 total OD **

    V-Trench with 35 Slope up to 4.5 (1.37m) & 25 Slope from 4.5 (1.37m) to 7 (2.13m)

    Weight: 116 sT (105 mT) dry / 100 sT (90 mT) submerged / 56 sT (50mT) With Air Buoyancy

    Stable on 105 psf (5 kPa) Vane Shear Soils Without Excessive Plough Sinkage or Bouyancy Requirement

    Designed For Glacial Till and High Vane Shear Soils

    Operational Water Depth ~10 (~3.04m) to 300 (91.4m) ***

    Designed for 220 sT (199.5 mT) Sustained Pull / up to 275 st (250 mT) Exceptional Load - Ploughing***

    Designed for 165 sT (150 mT) Sustained Pull / up to 220 st (200 mT) Exceptional Load - Backfill***

    * Can be modified for deeper burial depth** Exact number of passes depends on seafloor composition confirmed by geotechnical survey*** Shallow depths are dictated by Barge/Vessel draft, bollard pull and access, NOT plough functionality

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    PLOUGH SPECIFICATIONS

  • Vertical Tow Angle 0 - 15 / Horizontal Tow Angle Within 5 of Straight Ahead

    Pipe Support Capacity: 33 sT (30 mT) Vertical / 16.5 sT (15 mT) Lateral

    Fore and Aft Pipe Handling Roller System 33 sT (30 mT)

    Plough Shares and Pipe Handling Roller System Are Hydraulically Controlled With Fail Safe Opening Systems

    Ploughed Trench to Depth Of 7 (2.13m) Has Backfill Return of > 90% of Trenched Spoil

    Four Point Lift Arrangement

    Umbilical 1000 (300m) x 1.5 (38mm) Double Steel Wire Armored

    Surveillance: Up to 6 Cameras and 5 Sonar Heads, Pipe Tracking and Mesotech Available

    ADVANTAGES: Pre-Trenching & Post-Trenching Capabilities Backfill of Trench with Ploughed Overburden Minimal Environmental Impact and Turbidity Mitigation On Board Electronic Pipe Monitoring Available Winch pulled or DPII towed

    Maximum Operational Dimensions:747.2 (22.73m) width (backfilling)779.4 (23.7m) length (ploughing)289.3 (8.77m) height (ploughing)119(3.58m) plough share opening85.3(2.57m) aft opening between

    backfill blades

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    PLOUGH SPECIFICATIONS continued

  • PLOUGH OPERATIONAL MONITORING

    The performance of the plough is monitored from a control station which provides the operator with realtime data. The pipeline is monitored for stresses and the plough can provide the operator with exactforce loads before a problem occurs. In addition to monitoring t