Ch8 medievaleurope

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  • 1. Chapter 8 Part 1

2. Early Middle Ages Rome fell to Germanic Barbarian attacks With Fall of Roman Empire: Stability and order Aqueducts, amphitheaters, roads in disrepair Productivity and trade declined Social classes Clergy Nobility Peasants 3. Growth of Medieval Church In the midst of chaos, the church represented stabilityand safety Order and political leadership Authority, power and prestige Preserve classical culture (writings & arts) Provided inns and hospitals in time of war Help poor, sick and needy Leading role in education (only place of literacy) Good farmers 4. Roman Catholic Church Earthly institution It has Biblical truths mixed with human traditions Began to give more importance to traditions ratherthan Biblical truth Concerned with keeping unity NOT inner peacethrough a relationship with Jesus Christ Wanted more and more people under their control People began to look at the church for salvationNOT God 5. Church in Rome Grows in power: Large and wealthy city All other patriarchates are in East Antioch- (center for Pauls missionary journeys) Alexandria (center of learning) Constantinople (Center of Byzantine empire) Jerusalem (beginning of Christian church) Leo I (bishop of Rome) Convinces Attila the Hun NOT to attack Rome People are overjoyed and make him papa (pope) 6. Petrine Theory Rome used this theory to further advance their power Based on 2 FALSE assumptions: 1. Christ appointed Peter as pope over church No Biblical evidence 2. Peter served as bishop of Rome and gave his authority to followers No biblical evidence of Peters importance over other apostles Peter = substitute for Jesus If this is true, then by Petrine theory ALL POPES of Rome are substitute for Jesus ( How much power does that give them?) 7. Warriors of the Church Church organized like an army Clergy = servants of the church Joined for many reasons: Ambition Wealth Luxury Power Get away from personal/family problems Organized into different branches of service: secularand regular 8. Secular (world) Regular (renounced world) Conducted religious services Sacrificed personal ambitions Administered sacraments Life of social service Took care of business and property of Retired to life of solitude and studychurch Lived in monastic communities Many times mixed personal business Followed strict regulationswith church business 9. Benedictine Rule Strict regulations on lives of monks Manual labor, prayers, study Poverty, chastity, obedience Missionaries (later made into saints) Patrick- Ireland Boniface- Germans Gregory I First great pope Expanded power of church blinded by superstition and ignorance Officially embraced: Mass Penance Purgatory (temporary place of punishment of souls on their wayto heaven) 10. New Western Empire 11. Clovis of theFranks Powerful Germanic People = Franks 481 AD- Clovis becomes boss Takes over most of present day France Converts to Christianity (encouraged byhis wife) Requires his soldiers to convert too Believe God granted him military victory Began alliance with Roman Catholicchurch Benefits for both sides 12. Merovingian House Their descendants = Clovis dies, leaves land to his sons.Merovingian House Frankish kings became do nothing kingsdrunkenness, immorality and family strife Real power behind the throne was held by MAYOR Of thePALACE Administer palace, military, finances, and governmentaffairs (Kings just a puppet figure) Pepin II mayor of one of great kings in France Son- Charles Martel stopped Muslim invasion at Battle of Tours732 AD 13. Birth of the Carolingian House Pepin the Short (son of Charles Martel) Mayor of palace & asked pope, Shouldntt I be king sinceI am in charge anyways? Pope says yes, and comes to France and crowns Pepin king This is the start of the Carolingian House, end of Merovingianhouse Pope wants Pepins help Protection against the Lombards in Italy Germanic people who invaded Italy and threatened Rome Pepin defeats Lombards and gives lands to Pope (become Papal states 14. Pepin was the first king to be anointed with holyoil by the pope This introduced the idea in western thought thatkings have the divine right to rule