Development of middle adulthood.  Define middle-aged adult and maturity during this age.  Describe physical changes of the middle – aged adult.  Identify

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  • Development of middle adulthood

  • Define middle-aged adult and maturity during this age.Describe physical changes of the middle aged adult.Identify psychosocial development of middle aged adult. Explain the cognitive development. Discuss the health problems of the middle aged adult.

  • Middle-Aged Adult: 40 - 60 years { years of stability and consolidation ( security)}. It is a time when children have grown and moved away.

    Maturity: is the state of maximal function and integration, or the state of being fully developed.

  • Maturity:Mature people have the quality of self- acceptance; they are able to be reflective and insightful about life and to see them selves as others see them.

    They confront the tasks of life in a realistic and mature manner, make decision, and accept responsibility for those decisions.

  • Cognitive and intellectual abilities change very little. Cognitive processes include reaction time, memory, perception, learning, problem solving, and creativity.

    Reaction time during the middle years stays much the same or diminishes during the later part of the middle years.

  • Memory and problem solving are maintained through the middle years.

    Learning continues and can be enhanced by increased motivation.

  • Injuries:Motor vehicle crashes.Decreased reaction to times and visual acuity leads to injuries.Falls, fires, burns, poisonings and drowning. Work-related injuries.

  • CancerMen have a high incidence of cancer of the lung and bladder.In women, breast cancer is highest in incidence, followed by caner of colon and rectum, uterus, and lung.

  • Cardiovascular:Coronary heart disease is leading cause of death on USA in middle - aged adult ( caused by smoking, obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, DM, lifestyle, familial history of MI).

    Physical inactivity places individuals at greater risk of developing CHD.

  • Obesity: Decreased metabolic activity. Decreased physical activity mean (indicate) a decrease in caloric need.

    Alcoholism:Excessive use of alcohol can result in:Unemployment, Disrupted homes, Injuries, diseases.

  • Mental Health Alterations: Developmental stressors, such as the menopause, aging, impending retirement.Situational stressors such as divorce, unemployment, and death of a spouse, can precipitate increased anxiety and depression.

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