Fiber Craft (Middle Adulthood)

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  • 8/3/2019 Fiber Craft (Middle Adulthood)



    Macrame Donut Necklace

    To make a similar necklace, you will need the following supplies and tools:

    1 - 40mm donut (either stone or ceramic)32 feet of waxed linen cord4 bone beads about 1 inch long2 bone beads about 2 1/2 inches long

    2 - 8mm bone beadsScissorsBulletin board and pinsRubber bands or twist ties

    1. First, cut two pieces of cord 4 feet long and two pieces of cord 12 feet long.

    2. Put the 4 cords together and find the middle.

    3. Slip the middle of the cords through the donut. This will make a loop.

    4. Slip the cords through this loop. This will anchor the cords to the donut.

    5. You will work on one side at a time to begin with. So, use a rubber band or twist tie and wrap upone side of the cords. Move these out of your way.

    6. Use 4 rubber bands or twist ties to individually wrap up each cord leaving enough cord for you towork with.

  • 8/3/2019 Fiber Craft (Middle Adulthood)


    7. Now youre ready to start making knots. Start by making 2 inches ofsquare knots, then slip on onebead.

    8. Repeat step 7 two times (square knots, bead, square knots, bead, square knots, bead).

    9. Now make 4 1/4 inches ofsquare knots.

    10. For now, you are finished working on one side. Wrap the four cords together and set aside.

    11. Repeat steps 6-9 for the other side of the necklace.

    12. At this point, you are ready to connect the ends of the necklace using a Josephine knot. Unwrapall the cords from their twist ties. You have four cords on one side and four on the other. However,from now hold them together as if you have two cords on either side of the necklace as you tie aJosephine knot with them.

    13. After making the Josephine knot to connect both ends of the necklace, slip on your 6mm bonebead through four of the cords which are on one side of the necklace.

    14. Push the bead up until it is approximately 1 1/4 inches away from the Josephine Knot and tie andover-hand knot.

    15. Leave about 1/2 inch of cord and trim off excess.

    16. Repeat steps 13 - 15 to complete your necklace.

    Though this is a long necklace that can slip easily over your head, it works up fairly quickly. Thehardest part is the Josephine Knot. I recommend practicing with hemp or wax cord before trying thisknot with anything silky like rat tail.

    How to Tie a Josephine Knot

    1. Take one side, form it into a loop, and set the loop on top of the other cord (pictured in red). Fromnow on, you only need to move the red cord.

    2. Now take the red cord and bring it up and over the first end (bottom) of the looped cord.

    3. Continue to move the red cord up and bring it under the second end (top).

    4. Now bring the red cord down and over the looped cord.

  • 8/3/2019 Fiber Craft (Middle Adulthood)


    5. Continue to move the red cord down so it crossed under itself (notice youre forming a loop with the

    red cord now.)

    6. Then bring the red cord over the looped cord. You should have a loop inside a loop.

    7. Pull both cords with an even tension to form your Josephine Knot.

    How to Make a Lark's Head Knot

    To get started, you'll need at least two piece of cording such as hemp, waxed linen, or rat tail.

    1. Start by positioning one cord on a work surface such as a bulletin board (red cord) and fold

    the other cord in half (purple cord) and set on top of the stationary cord.

    2. 2. Bring the folded part of the cord (purple) down and behind the stationary cord, which formsa type of loop over the stationary cord (red).

    3. Pull both ends of the working cord down through the loop.4. 4. Tighten working cords to finish the Lark's Head Knot.

  • 8/3/2019 Fiber Craft (Middle Adulthood)


    Wood Chain and Purple Hemp Necklace

    You will need the following tools and supplies:

    *1 Wood chain 36x32x4.5mm12 feet of 20 lb. purple hempScissorsTacky glueBulletin boardQuilting pins

    1. Cut three strands of hemp 24 inches long each. 2. Holding them together, fold them all in half, andattach them to one end of the chain using a lark's head knot.

    3. Use pins to secure the hemp to a bulletin board.

    4. Separate the strands of hemp so that you have two strands on the left side, two in the middle, and

    two on the right side.

    5. Then make seven square knots.

    6.Take the center two hemp strands, and pull them around to form a loop.

  • 8/3/2019 Fiber Craft (Middle Adulthood)


    7. Take the other two sections of hemp on either side of the center loop and tie them in a

    knot. This will help secure the center section of hemp.8. Take the end of the center hemp section and start wrapping both strands around itself (the

    hemp loop formed in step 6). After wrapping all around, tie a knot with that strand around the

    loop, and dab a little glue on the knot. (Don't cut off excess hemp yet).9. Now separate the hemp strands so that you have three on one side and two on the other, and tie a these knots, whatever small piece of hemp left over from wrapping can either be knotted with these si10. Trim off excess hemp, and add a small amount of tacky glue on the knot. Allow the glue to dry bef11. Repeat step 1 through 5 on the other end of the wood chain.12. Separate strands so that you have three strands on one side and three on the other.13. Tie a knot with these two sections of hemp.14. Holding three strands of hemp together, tie an overhand knot about 3 inches down, and trim off ex15. Repeat the above step for the other section of hemp.

    Fiber Weaving

    This vintage pattern for a round reed, base mat first appeared in an antique basketweavingbook that I have in my private collection by George Wharton James. It can be used as atable mat when finished with the looped border. The same instructions can be used to makethe start for other round bottomed, round reed baskets using a 12 spoke basket base.

  • 8/3/2019 Fiber Craft (Middle Adulthood)


    Practical Basket Making. 124, [2] pp. Illus. & plates from photographs. New Edition,Enlarged and Revised. Pasadena: George Wharton James, no date, no copyright notation.Though not stated, it is apparently the second edition; the third edition was published in1903 and totaled 136, [20] pp.


    All baskets must have a base and all round bases are made more or less alike, therefore,remember when once you can "open a good center" and make a good mat, the question ofthe basket base will take care of itself. This is the first requisite to good basketry so do notgive up at trifles. If the first attempt is not satisfactory, try again and you will be repaid foryour effort.

    First Step --- Cut twelve piece of number three reed sixteen inches long, moisten well andstraighten; find the center of six reeds, pierce and slip on the awl. Move the awl to the rightand left a few times making an incision about half an inch long in the six punctured reeds.Point one end of each of the remaining six reeds and slip through the incision in thepunctured reeds withdrawing the awl after slipping through three or four reeds which will

    make space for the remaining two reeds. Be sure the reeds are all the same length from thecenter. The cross pieces are now held firmly in place and you are ready for weaving. Noteyou now have four sets or quarters of six reeds which are to form the stakes of the mat.The punctured reeds should be held in a horizontal position while the inserted reeds will bea vertical position.

    Second Step---- Select a very pliable number one (fine) weaver, moisten well and doubleso as to form a loop nearly in the middle. Hold one end of the loop firmly in the left handand twist or roll the other end to keep the reed from breaking. Place the twisted loop overthe set of six inserted stakes. Here, again, we must name our weavers, namely, face-weaver being the weaver toward you and the back-weaver the underneath weaver. Bringthe face-weaver to the right across the front of the six vertical stakes and down betweenthe first and second quarter UNDER the back-weaver, bring the back-weaver to the rightback of the vertical set of six stakes and upward crossing the the face-weaver in the samespace. The cross-pieces or quarters are now revolved from right to left bringing the lefthand forward to the right, one space or to the next quarter of six stakes. Note you haveencircled one set of six stakes and repeat this process of weaving until you have encircledthe four sets or quarters of six stakes twice around taking extreme care that the weaverscross each other on the down and up strokes in the SAME space.

    Third Step---- Moisten the work and repeat the same method of weaving working overtwo stakes once around the mat.

    Fourth Step---- Continue exactly the same method of weaving, separating each stakecarefully. Care also should be taken that the stakes radiate at equal angles, the weaving be

    close and strokes lay parallel. Continue in this method of weaving (which is called pairing)until the woven diameter of the mat is four and one-quarter inches.

    Moisten the work well and bring the two weavers to the front in each of two consecutivespaces. Introduce another weaver to the front in each of two consecutive spaces. Introduceanother weaver in the next space and weave four rows of triple twist by bringing the left-hand weaver to the right in front of two stakes, back of one stake and out in the next space.The second weaver now becomes the left-hand weaver and is treated exactly the same asthe former weavers. After weaving four rows of triple twist, bring all of the weavers to the

  • 8/3/2019 Fiber Craft (Middle Adulthood)


    front of the mat and cut

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