Habits of Mind (HOM)

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    Habits of Mind Foundation

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    What is HOM ?

    Dispositions that are skillfully and mindfullyemployed by characteristically intelligent,successful people when they are confronted

    with problems, the solutions to which are notimmediately apparent.

    Intelligence is a learned skill. It can be improvedthrough instructions

    Whimbey, 1979

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    The Founder

    Arthur L. Costa, Ed.D Emeritus Professor of Education at California State University,

    Sacramento.

    Co-founder of Institute for the Habits

    of Mind.

    Bena Kallick, Ph. D Private Consultant

    Areas of focus include Group Dynamic, Creative and Critical Thinking,

    and Alternative Assesment Strategies for the Classroom.

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    Nature of Habits of Mind

    Dispositions of successful people

    Applicable to all subject areas

    As good for adults as it is for students

    Is useful fo all 'ability' level

    Enduring

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    16 Methods of Habits of Mind

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    1. Thinking Flexibly

    Look at it another way

    Being able to change perspectives

    Generate alternatives

    Consider options

    Change your thoughts and you change the world

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    Ideas to cultivate TF

    Consider many different points of views

    Explore alternatives and options

    Ask why not

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    2. Creating, Imagining and Innovating

    Try a different way

    Generating new and nobel ideas

    Fluency

    Originality

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    Ideas to cultivate CII

    Mix different ideas to come up with new ones

    Create many ideas good ideas usually comefrom sitting lots of it

    Spend time relaxing usually good ideas comeduring time of relaxation

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    3. Remining Open to ContinousLearning

    I have so much more to learn

    Resisting complacency

    Having humility and pride when admitting wedon't know

    Real knowledge is to know

    the extent of one's ignorance

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    Ideas to cultivate CL

    Develop a love for learning

    Make learning fun by learning with friends

    Set goals to improve yourself

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    4. Listening with Understanding &Empathy

    Understand others

    Devoting mental energy to another person'sthoughts and ideas

    Make effort to perceive another's point of view

    Emotions

    When people talk,

    listen COMPLETELY.Most people never listen

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    Ideas to cultivate LUE

    Give full attention to the person talking

    Use pause, paraphrase and probe listeningsequence

    Make eye contact with the speaker

    Put away distractions

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    5. Using All Senses

    Use your natural pathways

    Pay attention to the world around you

    Gather data through all the senses

    Taste, touch, smell, hearing and sight

    Nothing reaches the intellect before

    making its appearence in the senses

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    Ideas to cultivate UAS

    Observe with all your senses

    Use descriptive words to engages all senses

    Taste like a chef, touch like a sculptor, see like

    an artist, smell like a perfumer, listen like amusician

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    6. Responding with Wonderment &Awe

    Have fun figuring it out

    Finding the world awesome and mysterious

    Being intrigued with phenomena and beauty

    Wisdom begins in wonder

    - Socrates -

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    Ideas to cultivate RWA

    Ask why

    Test assumptions

    Find beauty in simplicity

    Acknowledge wounderfulness

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    7. Thinking Interdependently

    Work together

    Being able to work with others

    Being able to learn with others

    Team work

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    Ideas to cultivate TI

    Know each other's strengths and weakness

    Value each person's contributions

    Be open to ideas from others

    i i d bl

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    8. Questioning and ProblemPosing

    How do you know?

    Having a questioning attitude

    Knowing what data are needed

    Developing questioning strategies

    Finding problems to solve

    The most important thing is NOT to stopquestioning - Albert Eistein -

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    Ideas to cultivate QPP

    Use the 5W and 1H to help asking goodquestions

    Be curious

    Ask what if..

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    9. Applying Past Knowledge

    Use what you have learn

    Accessing prior knowledge

    Transfering knowledge beyond the situation in

    which it was learned

    Look back to learn how

    to look forward

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    Ideas to cultivate APK

    Reflect on what worked with a similar problembefore

    Apply ideas from one decipline to another

    Look for patterns that seem to repeat itself,history often does

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    10. Persisting

    Stick to it

    Persevering in task through to completion

    Remaining focused

    Looking for ways to reach goal when stuck

    Not giving up

    Genius is 1% inspiration and 99% persperation

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    Ideas to cultivate P

    Set goals

    Develop many ways to solve the same problem

    Find an encourager

    Develop self-confidence

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    11. Taking Responsible Risks

    Venture out

    Being adventuresome

    Living on the edge of one's competence

    Try new things constantly

    When you want to test the depth of a stream,don't use both feet

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    Ideas to cultivate TRR

    Be prepared for possible problems

    Ask What would i do if...

    Hope for the best, prepare for the worst

    Think about who else might be effected if thingsgo wrong

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    12. Striving for Accuracy

    Check it again

    Always doing your best

    Setting high standards

    Checking and finding ways to improveconstantly

    A man who has committed a mistake anddoesn't correct it is making another mistake

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    Ideas to cultivate SA

    Think about the possible sources of errors

    Check and check again

    Ask someone else to check for you

    Use the right instruments

    Use a check list

    13 Precision of Language &

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    13. Precision of Language &Thought

    Be clear

    Striving for accurate communication in writtenand oral

    Avoid over generalizations Distortion, deletation, exaggerations

    My words fly up, my thoughts remain below,

    Words without thought never to heaven go

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    Ideas to cultivate PLT

    Use the thesaurus or dictionary

    Think about a range of words before choosingone

    Think about how the listener will interpret themessage

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    14. Managing Impulsivity

    Take your time

    Thinking before acting

    Remaining calm

    Thoughtful and deliberative

    Weight the situation, than move

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    Ideas to cultivate MI

    Think before acting

    Create several options and choose onecarefully

    Resist making decision when you are emotional

    15 Thinking about your

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    15. Thinking about yourThinking (Metacognition)

    Know your knowing

    Being aware of your own thoughts, strategies,feelings and actions

    Effects on others

    Use a mirror in difficult times.You will see both

    cause and resolution

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    Ideas to cultivate TYT

    Reflect on how you solve problems Keep a journal

    Use mind maps to draw out your thought

    Examine your own actions and ask Why did ido that?

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    16. Finding Humor

    Laugh a little Finding the whimsical, incongrous and

    unexpected

    Being able to laugh at oneself

    Laughter is the best medicine

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    Ideas to cultivate FH

    See the funny side of situation Use humor to defuse a tense situations

    Laugh it helps to release 'feel-good'

    chemicals in your body Use cartoon and humours video to make a

    learning point

    5 Dimensions of Growth

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    5 Dimensions of Growth(HOM)

    Exploring Meaning introduction Expanding Capacity How to ?

    Increasing Alertness When to use it ?

    Extending Value Exportable ?

    Building Commitment use HOM

    i bi

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    Forming Habits

    Levels of Competence Unconscious Incompetence

    Conscious Incompetence

    Conscious Competence Unconscious Competence

    Thi k Diff !

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    Think Different !

    J if d !

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    Jump if you dare!

    C i ti b i

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    Communication barrier

    Mi t k i F i d' !

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    Mistakes in Friend's!

    Thi k Si k

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    Think vs Sink

    Managing Impulsivity

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    Managing Impulsivity

    Never Quit

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    Never Quit...

    Don't judge a book from its

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    j gcover..

    From Zero to Hero

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    From Zero to Hero

    Persistence 1

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    Persistence 1

    Positive vs Negative

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    Positive vs Negative

    Cognitive Thinking

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    Cognitive Thinking

    Think Differently

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    Think Differently

    Think Flexibly

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    Think Flexibly

    MisInterpretation

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    MisInterpretation

    Persistence 2

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    Persistence 2