Imperialism 2016-11-27¢  Imperialism and the Spanish American War ¢â‚¬â€œ Introduction What I thought before

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  • Spanish American War &

    Imperialism

    Lesson Objectives:

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    Vocabulary Quiz: ___________________________________ Unit Test will be: ______________________________________

    Imperialism

    A stronger and larger nation taking political and economic control of a weaker and smaller country

    SOL SII.5b

  • Date Learning Objective

    Date Questions

  • Economic interests and public opinion often influence U.S. involvement in internationals affairs. (US.II5.a) What were the reasons for the Spanish American War?

    • Protection of American business interests in Cuba • American support of Cuban rebels to gain

  • What were Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policies, and what were their impacts on the United States? Roosevelt expanded the Monroe Doctrine as a way to prevent European involvement in the affairs of Caribbean and South American countries The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine

    • Asserted the United States’ right to interfere in economic matters of nations in the Americas

    • Claimed the United States’ right to exercise international police power

    • Advocated “Big Stick Diplomacy” Roosevelt built the Panama Canal

    “I took the isthmus, started the canal, and then left Congress – not to debate the canal, but to debate me….While the debate goes on, the canal does too, and they are welcome to debate me as long as they wish, provided that we can go on with the canal” Theodore Roosevelt

    Topic:________________________________ Specific: _____________________________

    Topic:________________________________ Specific: _____________________________

    Topic:______________________ Specific: ___________________

  • Imperialism and the Spanish American War Anticipation Guide

    Word Definition Key Words

    annex

    corollary

    foreign

    policy

    imperialism

    isolationism

    yellow

    journalism

  • Imperialism and the Spanish American War – Introduction

    What I thought before the unit

    What I know after the unit

    T F The United States emerged (came out) as a world power after the Spanish American War. (USII.5a)

    T F

    T F The U.S. supported Spain during the Spanish American War. (USII.5a) T F

    T F U.S. wanted their businesses protected in Cuba, which is a reason they became involved in the war. (USII.5a)

    T F

    T F The U.S.S. Maine exploded and caused Cuba to declare war on Spain. (USII.5a)

    T F

    T F Yellow journalism stories were printed in newspapers to help support Cuba’s fight for independence. (USII.5a)

    T F

    T F At the end of the Spanish American War, Cuba became a colony of the United States. (USII.5a)

    T F

    T F The United States purchased Alaska from Russia. (USII.5a) T F

    T F The U.S. expanded their power to islands in the Pacific in the late 1800s. (USII.5a)

    T F

    T F The U.S. controlled Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines at the end of the Spanish American War. (USII.5a)

    T F

    T F Theodore Roosevelt fought in the Spanish American War prior (before) to becoming president of the U.S. (USII.5b)

    T F

    T F The Monroe Doctrine told European countries to stay out of the Eastern Hemisphere. (USII.5b)

    T F

    T F The Roosevelt Corollary stated that the U.S. would allow European countries to interfere in the Western Hemisphere. (USII.5b)

    T F

    T F Theodore Roosevelt coined the phrase “Big Stick Diplomacy.” (USII.5b) T F

    T F The U.S. had a foreign policy that included helping Latin American countries maintain their independence. (USII.5b)

    T F

    T F The construction of the Panama Canal was started by Theodore Roosevelt. (USII.5b)

    T F

  • At the end of the Civil War, more and more Americans began moving west. These people were putting the phrase “Manifest Destiny” into action. Once the U.S. expanded from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean, many Americans suggested that the United States continue expanding by moving outside of the their border. European countries were expanding their power by colonizing parts of Africa and Asia, and many people in the United States did not want to be left out of this time period of IMPERIALISM.

    Pretend you are an influential person in the U.S. government. You are given the task of creating a list of pros and cons about imperialism to share with the President of the

    United States. Write your list below.

    ____ PROS (good) _______ CONS (bad)_______

    What do I see? What do I know? What questions do I have?

  • Spanish American War

  • Keywords and Main Ideas:

    Notes: Where is Cuba in relation to the United States? What body of water is it located in? Cuba’s fight for independence started in the 1860s. What country were they fighting for independence from? Causes of the Spanish American War:

    1. Americans felt sympathy towards Cubans. Why?

    2. Newspapers used yellow journalism. What is this and how did it lead to war?

    3. Some Americans had businesses in Cuba. What types of businesses were they? And why did this cause the U.S. to become involved?

    4. The U.S.S. Maine exploded in Havana harbor. How did this lead to war? Effects of the Spanish American War:

    1.

    2.

    3.

    Summary of Important Ideas:

  • President Theodore Roosevelt and Big Stick Diplomacy

    Keywords and Main Ideas:

    Notes: Foreign Policy:

    19th century (1800s): 20th century (1900s):

    What was President Roosevelt’s Motto and What Does it Mean? Roosevelt Corollary (an addition to the ______________________________________): 1. The United States had the right to interfere

    (____________________________) in the economic (____) problems of ________________________, ________________________, and ______________________________.

    2. No ___________________________countries could set up _________________________ in these areas.

    3. If other countries did not follow these rules, then the U.S. had the right to act

    as an ___________________________________________________________.

    Importance of the Panama Canal: This canal would link the ______________ Ocean and ____________ Ocean. It took __________ years to build and _______ million dollars, but in the end, it saved a trip from New York to San Francisco ______________ miles! One Importance of Roosevelt’s Presidency: During Roosevelt’s years in office, he ____________________ (changed) the United States into a nation with influence around the world. He worked to strengthen the _________________ (military). Since the U.S. controlled the Panama Canal, the United States became the ___________________(biggest) power in _______________________________.

    Summary of Important Ideas:

  • Number Location Name Why It Is Important 1 2 3 4a 4b 4c 5 6 7

    The United States Expands Its Power

    3

    1

    2 4a

    4b

    4c

    5

    6

  • STUDY YOUR VOCABULARY WORDS!!!!!!! Imperialism The U.S. wanted to expand their territory outside of the U.S. borders. This would allow them to find new natural resources, expand their trade, and show their power to the rest of the world. The U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia. The U.S. wanted control of islands in the Pacific for stopping points on the way to Asia, such as Hawaii. Spanish American War Causes:

    1. William Randolf Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer wrote stories about Cuba’s fight for independence. They exaggerated their stories – this is called yellow journalism.

    2. Americans felt sympathy for Cubans, who were fighting against Spain for their independence.

    3. The U.S. wanted to protect their businesses in Cuba, as well as become more powerful.

    4. The final straw that pushed the U.S. towards war with Spain was the sinking of the Maine.

    Effects:

    1. The U.S. emerged as a world power.

    2. Cuba gained their independence and became an American protectorate.

    3. The U.S. gained possession of a. Guam b. Puerto Rico c. Philippines

    The Spanish American War was fought in the year 1898. The Spanish American War was fought in 2 places: Philippines and Cuba Roosevelt Corollary President Roosevelt wanted to make sure that European countries stayed out of the Western Hemisphere, so he added the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. President Roosevelt’s saying was “speak softly, but carry a big stick”, meaning that the U.S. would stay out of Latin American problems unless they needed to get involved. President Roosevelt began the construction of the Panama Canal, which made the U.S.’s presence in Latin America wel