Latin American Peoples Win Independence Ch. 8, Section 1

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  • Slide 1
  • Latin American Peoples Win Independence Ch. 8, Section 1
  • Slide 2
  • Colonial Society Divided A Race and Class System Latin America has social classes that determine jobs and authority: Peninsulares born in Spain, they head colonial government, society Creoles American-born Spaniards who can become army officers Mestizos have both European and Indian ancestry Mulattos Have both European and African ancestry Slaves, Indians are at the bottom of society
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  • REVOLUTIONS IN THE AMERICAS
  • Slide 4
  • Revolution in Haiti Toussaint LOuverture leads slave revolt against French (1791) Saint Domingue declared a country in 1804 Saint Domingue becomes first black colony to win independence
  • Slide 5
  • Haitis Independence Renamed Haiti, means mountainous land in the Arawak language Haiti is first Latin American territory to gain freedom 1 st republic ruled by blacks Only successful slave revolt in history
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  • Creoles Lead Independence Enlightenment ideas inspire Latin American revolutionaries
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  • Creole Leaders Simn Bolvarwealthy Creole leads Venezuela in revolution Jos de San Martnleader of Argentinean revolutionary forces
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  • Bolvars Route to Victory Venezuela declares independence in 1811 Bolvar wins war by 1821
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  • San Martn Leads Southern Liberation Forces Argentina independent in 1816; San Martn helps free Chile Bolvars & San Martns armies drive Spanish out of Peru in 1824
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  • Argentina
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  • Colombia
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  • Mexico Ends Spanish Rule
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  • A Cry for Freedom Padre Miguel Hidalgo priest who launches Mexican revolt (1810) 80,000 Indian and mestizo followers march on Mexico City Jos Mara Morelos leads revolt after Hidalgos defeat, but loses
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  • Mexicos Independence Mexican creoles react Mexico declared independent (1821) In 1823, the rest of Central America breaks away from Mexico
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  • Brazils Royal Liberator
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  • A Bloodless Revolution Napoleon invades Portugal; royal family moves to Brazil (1807) Royals returns to Portugal after Napoleons defeat (1815) Portuguese prince Dom Pedro stays in Brazil accepts Brazilians request to rule their new country officially declares Brazils independence (Sept. 1822) By 1830, nearly all Latin American regions win independence
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  • Cuba
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