Macedonians in Greece

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Text of Macedonians in Greece

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: Europe John Speed c 1626 : :

MIC, 2011. . , , .

, 2011

1. ......................................................... 91.1. .....................................................................................9 1.1.1. ..........................................................10 1.1.2. ...........................................12 1.2. ..............................15 1.2.1. .....................16 1.2.2. .........................................................................19 1.2.3. .....................................................21 1.2.4. ...................................................................................24 1.3. .......................................................................25 1.3.1. ..............................27 1.3.2. () 1925 ..................................................................................30 1.3.3. ..............................................................33 1.3.3.1. ..................34 1.4. (1946-1949) .................................................35 1.4.1. ..............36 1.4.2. ................................41 1.4.2.1. ..........42-5-

1.4.2.2. .......45 1.4.2.3. ...............................................54 1.5. .......................................................56 1.5.1. 1948 . .............................................................................56 1.5.2. .......................................59

2. ....................... 672.1. .........67 2.1.1. 1948 . .............69 2.2. ..........................................72 2.2.1. .......................................................................................73 2.2.2. ................................................75 2.2.2.1. ...77 2.3. .......................................................................79

3. ....................................................... 873.1. ...................................87 3.1.1. .............................................................88 3.1.2. ............................................................................................91 3.1.2.1. .............93 3.1.2.2. ................................................................................96-6-

3.2.

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3.4.

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3.1.3. ................98 ..............................................................................104 3.2.1. ....................................................105 3.2.2. ......................................................................111 3.2.3. ..................................................................112 3.2.4. ................................120 3.2.4.1. : ? ........................120 3.2.4.2. ..............................................120 3.2.4.3. ...125 ..............................................................................126 3.3.1. .................................128 3.3.2. ..........................................................................130 3.3.2.1. Bulgarian Human rights in Macedonia .................................135 3.3.3. ja ....................................136 3.3.4. - .................................................................143 ...............................146 3.4.1. 1998 ................................................................................147 3.4.2. (Ouranio Toxo) 2005 ................................................152 .......................................................157 3.5.1. Denying Ethnic Identity: Macedonians of Greece .........................................................................................157-7-

3.5.2. Greek Helsinki Monitor Minority Rights in Greece 1999 .................................................163 3.5.3. .................................................................166 3.5.3.1. 2000 . ...........................168 3.5.3.2. 2004 . ..........169 3.5.4. .................................................172 3.5.5. ............................................................................................176 3.6. ........................................................................178 3.6.1. .......180 3.6.2. ...................................................................................184 3.6.3. ......................................189 3.6.4. ..............................................................198 ............................................................................................................201

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1.1. , 1830 . , .1 XIX XX , , , . , , . , .2 , , 1

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1821 1829 22 1829 . . , Megali Idea, . , (, , , , .) , .

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1.1.1. 1904-1908 . , .4 , (. ) -

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: Anastasia Karakasidou, Politicization Culture: Negating Ethnic Identity in Greek Macedonia, Journal of Modern Greek Studies, Volume 11, 1993, . 20 : Douglas Dakin, The Greek Struggle in Macedonia (1897-1913); Pavlos Tsamis, Macedonian Struggle; Konstantinos Vacalopoulos, The Macedonian Struggle (1904-1908) as the Chief Phase of the Greeks Struggle for Macedonia.

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.5 ... , , .6 , , , , .7 , , , , - . . , .8 , () .5

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: , (1903-1905), , 1998 ( , (1903-1905), -, , 2004, . 8. , 1987 . Nicolaos K. Martis, The Falsification of Macedonian History, Alexander S. Onassis Public Benefit Foundation, Athens, 1984, . 99-100. , : , , , , 2001; , XIX XX , , , 1973 . , , , , () , .

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1.1.2. , . , 10 1913 . , 33.953 2 66.474 2 .10 1.163.477 .11 , (77,5%) . , , .12 9

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: , (1903-1905), , 1998. , ( I), , 1998, . 9. : Ibid. 1913 . , 1.042.029 ( , , , , 1981, . 64), 1.052.227 ( , , , 1990, . 19) 1913 . , , : 358.290 , 218.742 , 59.720 , 34.427 , 30.726 , 6.875

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8.910 ( , . , , 1900). , 1905 . La Macedoine et sa population Chretienne. , 1913 : 382.054 , 133.782 , 26.153 , 2.994 , 9.632 . . , 1913 : 339.369 , 314.854 , 245.251 , 68.296 , 44.414 , 25.308 , 15.108 8.016 ( , , , , 1990, . 9). , , 329.371 , . , 1945 1913 307.646 ( ). . , 488.484 , 115.909 . 373.227 207.317 , 262.283 178.410 (Iakovos D. Michailidis, The War of Statistics: Traditional Recipes for the Preparation of the Macedonian Salad, East European Quarterly 32/1, 1998, . 9-21). 1923 1905 . , 751.798 , 655.745 332.12 ( , , , 1991.) . . , , , . . , 705.500 - 105.000 -. , 400.568 -, 265.408 -, 400.000 , 60.000 , 190.639 , 15.000 - . ( , , , , 1981, . 18-22.)

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, . , , 1913 329.371 .13 , , 1912 . , 1.150.000 .14 , 370.000 , 35% . , , . , 1913 . 370.000 35,20% .15 , 20% . , 160 , 16.000 .16 , 340

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Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Division of Intercourse and Education), Report of the International Commission to Inquire into the Causes and Conduct of the Balkan Wars, Washington D.C., 1914, . 195. : Andrew Rossos, The British Foreign Office and Macedonian National Identity, 1918-1941, Slavic Review 53, No. 2 (Summer 1994), . 381, . 47. , (1913-1941) XX , , , 2002, 77-78. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Division of Intercourse and Education), Report of the International Commission to Inquire into