MATERIAL HAND BOOK

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MATERIAL HAND BOOK

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  • Shackelford, James F. et al Composition of Materials Materials Science andEngineeringHandbook Ed. James F. Shackelford & W. AlexanderBoca Raton: CRC Press LLC, 2001

  • List of Tables

    103

    CHAPTER 2 Composition of Materials

    Steels and Irons

    Composition Limits of Tool Steels

    Composition Limits of Gray Cast Irons

    Composition Limits of Ductile Irons

    Composition Ranges for Malleable Irons

    Composition Ranges for Carbon Steels

    Composition Ranges for Resulfurized Carbon Steels

    Composition Ranges for Alloy Steels

    Composition of Stainless Steels

    Copper Alloys

    Composition of Wrought Coppers and Copper Alloys

    Classification of Copper and Copper Alloys

    Aluminum Alloys

    Composition Ranges for Cast Aluminum Alloys

    Composition Ranges for Wrought Aluminum Alloys

    Tin Alloys

    Composition of Tin and Tin Alloys

    Heat Resistant Alloys

    Compositions of ACI Heat-Resistant Casting Alloys

    Zinc Alloys

    Composition of Zinc Die Casting Alloys

    4.0 Composition Page 103 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

    2001 CRC Press LLC

  • CRC Handbook of Materials Science & Engineering104

    List of Tables(Continued)

    Composition

    Super Alloys

    Compositions of Wrought Superalloys

    Glass Ceramics

    Typical Composition of Glass-Ceramics

    4.0 Composition Page 104 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

    2001 CRC Press LLC

  • Table 46. COMPOSITION LIMITS OF TOOL STEELS (SHEET 1 OF 3)

    Designations Composition (%)

    AISI SAE UNS C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo W V Co

    Molybdenum high speed steels

    M2 M2 T11302. 0.780.88; 0.150.40 0.200.45 3.754.50 0.30 max 4.505.50 5.506.75 1.752.20

    0.951.05Tungsten high speed steels

    T1 T1 T12001 0.650.80 0.100.40 0.200.40 3.754.00 0.30 max 17.2518.75 0.901.30T15 T12015 1.501.60 0.150.40 0.150.40 3.755.00 0.30 max 1.00 max 11.7513.00 4.505.25 4.755.25

    Chromium hot work steels

    H11 H11 T20811 0.330.43 0.200.50 0.801.20 4.755.50 0.30 max 1.101.60 0.300.60H13 H13 T20813 0.320.45 0.200.50 0.801.20 4.755.50 0.30 max 1.101.75 0.801.20

    Source: data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.239, (1984).

    4.1 Composition L Page 105 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

    2001 CRC Press LLC

  • Tungsten hot work steelsH21 H21 T20821 0.260.36 0.150.40 0.150.50 3.003.75 0.30 max 8.5010.00 0.300.60H26 T20826 0.450.55 0.150.40 0.150.40 3.754.50 0.30 max 17.2519.00 0.751.25

    Airhardening mediumalloy cold work steels

    A2 A2 T30102 0.951.05 1.00 max 0.50 max 4.755.50 0.30 max 0.901.40 0.150.50A3 T30103 1.201.30 0.400.60 0.50 max 4.755.50 0.30 max 0.901.40 0.801.40

    Shockresisting steels

    S1 S1 T41901 0.400.55 0.100.40 0.151.20 1.001.80 0.30 max 0.50 max 1.503.00 0.150.30S5 S5 T41905 0.500.65 0.601.00 1.752.25 0.35 max 0.201.35 0.35 maxS7 T41907 0.450.55 0.200.80 0.201.00 3.003.50 1.301.80 0.200.30

    Table 46. COMPOSITION LIMITS OF TOOL STEELS (SHEET 2 OF 3)

    Designations Composition (%)

    AISI SAE UNS C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo W V Co

    Source: data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.239, (1984).

    4.1 Composition L Page 106 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

    2001 CRC Press LLC

  • Lowalloy specialpurpose tool steels

    L2 T61202 0.451.00 0.100.90 0.50 max 0.701.20 0.25 max 0.100.30L6 L6 T61206 0.650.75 0.250.80 0.50 max 0.601.20 1.252.00 0.50 max 0.200.30

    Waterhardening tool steels

    W1 W108, T72301 0.701.50 0.100.40 0.100.40 0.15 max 0.20 max 0.10 max 0.15 max 0.10 maxW109,W110, W112

    Table 46. COMPOSITION LIMITS OF TOOL STEELS (SHEET 3 OF 3)

    Designations Composition (%)

    AISI SAE UNS C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo W V Co

    Source: data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.239, (1984).

    4.1 Composition L Page 107 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

    2001 CRC Press LLC

  • Table 47. COMPOSITION LIMITS OF GRAY CAST IRONS

    UNS SAE grade

    Composition Limits (%)

    TC Mn Si P S

    F10004 G1800 3.40 to 3.70 0.50 to 0.80 2.80 to 2.30 0.15 0.15

    F10005 G2500 3.20 to 3.50 0.60 to 0.90 2.40 to 2.00 0.12 0.15F10009 G2500 3.40 min 0.60 to 0.90 1.60 to 2.10 0.12 0.12

    F10006 G3000 3.10 to 3.40 0.60 to 0.90 2.30 to 1.90 0.10 0.16F10007 G3500 3.00 to 3.30 0.60 to 0.90 2.20 to 1.80 0.08 0.16

    F10010 G3500 3.40 min 0.60 to 0.90 1.30 to 1.80 0.08 0.12F10011 G3500 3.50 min 0.60 to 0.90 1.30 to 1.80 0.08 0.12

    F10008 G4000 3.00 to 3.30 0.70 to 1.00 2.10 to 1.80 0.07 0.16F10012 G4000 3.10 to 3.60 0.60 to 0.90 1.95 to 2.40 0.07 0.12

    Source: data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.166, (1984).

    4.1 Composition L Page 108 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

    2001 CRC Press LLC

  • Table 48. COMPOSITION LIMITS OF DUCTILE IRONS

    Specification No. Composition (%)

    Grade or Class UNS TC Si Mn P S

    ASTM A395ASME SA39560-40-18 F32800 3.00 min 2.50 max 0.08 max

    ASTM A476SAE AM5531680-60-03 F34100 3.00 min 3.0 max 0.08 max

    SAE J434cD4018 F32800 3.204.10 1.80-3.00 0.10-1.00 0.015-0.10 0.0050.035

    MIL-1-24137(Ships)Class A F33101 3.0 min 2.50 max 0.08 maxClass B F43020 2.40-3.00 1.80-3.20 0.80-1.50 0.20 maxClass C F43021 2.70-3.10 2.00-3.00 1.90-2.50 0.15 max

    Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.168-169,(1984).

    4.1 Composition L Page 109 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

    2001 CRC Press LLC

  • Table 49. COMPOSITION RANGES FOR MALLEABLE IRONS

    Composition (%)

    Type TC Mn Si P S

    FerriticGrade 32510 2.30-2.70 0.25-0.55 1.00-1.75 0.05 max 0.03-0.18Grade 35018 2.00-2.45 0.25-0.55 1.00-1.35 0.05 max 0.03-0.18

    Pearlitic 2.00-2.70 0.25-1.25 1.00-1.75 0.05 max 0.03-0.18

    Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p170, (1984).

    4.1 Composition L Page 110 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

    2001 CRC Press LLC

  • Table 50. COMPOSITION RANGES FOR CARBON STEELS

    AISISAE Designation

    UNSDesignation

    Composition Range (%)

    C Mn

    1015 G10150 0.12-0.18 0.30-0.601020 G10200 0.17-0.23 0.30-0.601022 G10220 0.17-0.23 0.70-1.00

    1030 G10900 0.27-0.34 0.60-0.901040 G10400 0.36-0.44 0.60-0.901050 G10500 0.47-0.55 0.60-0.90

    1060 G10600 0.55-0.66 0.60-0.901080 G10800 0.74-0.88 0.60-0.901095 G10950 0.90-1.04 0.30-0.50

    Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p184, (1984).

    4.1 Composition L Page 111 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

    2001 CRC Press LLC

  • Table 51. COMPOSITION RANGES FOR RESULFURIZED CARBON STEELS

    AISISAE Designation

    UNSDesignation

    Composition Range (%)

    C Mn S

    1118 G11180 0.14-0.20 1.30-1.60 0.08-0.131137 G11370 0.32-0.39 1.35-1.65 0.08-0.131141 G11410 0.37-0.45 1.35-1.65 0.08-0.131144 G11440 0.40-0.48 1.35-1.65 0.24-0.33

    Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p185, (1984).

    4.1 Composition L Page 112 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

    2001 CRC Press LLC

  • Table 52. COMPOSITION RANGES FOR ALLOY STEELS (SHEET 1 OF 3)

    AISISAE Designation

    UNSDesignation

    Composition Range (%)

    C Mn P (max) S (max) Si Cr Ni Mo

    1330 G13300 0.28-0.33 1.60-1.90 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.301340 G13400 0.38-0.43 1.60-1.90 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.303140 0.38-0.43 0.70-0.90 0.040 0.040 0.20-0.35 0.55-0.75 1.10-1.404037 G40370 0.35-0.40 0.70-0.90 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.20-0.30

    4042 G40420 0.40-0.45 0.70-0.90 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.20-0.304130 G41300 0.28-0.33 0.40-0.60 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.80-1.10 0.15-0.254140 G41400 0.38-0.43 0.75-1.00 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.80-1.10 0.15-0.254150 G41500 0.48-0.53 0.75-1.00 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.80-1.10 0.15-0.25

    4320 G43200 0.17-0.22 0.45-0.65 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.40-0.60 1.65-2.00 0.20-0.304340 G43400 0.38-0.43 0.60-0.80 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.70-0.90 1.65-2.00 0.20-0.304620 G46200 0.17-0.22 0.45-0.65 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 1.65-2.00 0.20-0.304820 G48200 0.18-0.23 0.50-0.70 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 3.25-3.75 0.20-0.30

    (a) Contains 0.15% min vanadium.

    Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p186-193, (1984).

    4.1 Composition L Page 113 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

    2001 CRC Press LLC

  • 5046 G50460 0.43-0.48 0.75-1.00 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.20-0.3550B46 G50461 0.44-0.49 0.75-1.00 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.20-0.355060 G50600 0.56-0.64 0.75-1.00 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.40-0.60

    50B60 G50461 0.56-0.64 0.75-1.00 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.40-0.60

    5130 G51300 0.28-0.33 0.70-0.90 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.80-1.105140 G51400 0.38-0.43 0.70-0.90 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.70-0.905150 G51500 0.48-0.53 0.70-0.90 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.70-0.905160 G51600 0.56-0.64 0.75-1.00 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.70-0.90

    51B60 G51601 0.56-0.64 0.75-1.00 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.70-0.906150(a) G61500 0.48-0.53 0.70-0.90 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.80-1.1081B45 G81451 0.43-0.48 0.75-1.00 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.35-0.55 0.20-0.40 0.08-0.158620 G86200 0.18-0.23 0.70-0.90 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.40-0.60 0.40-0.70 0.15-0.25

    8630 G86300 0.28-0.33 0.70-0.90 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.40-0.60 0.40-0.70 0.15-0.258640 G86400 0.38-0.43 0.75-1.00 0.035 0.040 0.15-0.30 0.40-0.60 0.40-0.70 0.15-