MODERN ARCHITECTURE IN AFRICA: ANGOLA AND MOZAMBIQUE

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<ul><li><p>9 789896 582395</p><p>ISBN 978-989-658-239-5</p><p>This is one major value this book presents us: to suggest difficult challenges, the ones capable to raise the preservation issue on qualities exhibited by selected works now presented. Jlio Carrilho and Lus Lage</p><p>And so it is also the purpose of this book disclosure of the same utopias which turned into reality on unthinkable territories, on a peculiar historical European moment of time able to embrace it. As Perret would say wonder and emotion are timeless reactions Isabel Maria Martins</p><p>MODERN ARCHITECTURE IN AFRICA: ANGOLA AND MOZAMBIQUE</p><p>MO</p><p>DERN</p><p> ARCH</p><p>ITECTU</p><p>RE IN AFRIC</p><p>A: AN</p><p>GO</p><p>LA AND M</p><p>OZAM</p><p>BIQU</p><p>E</p><p>ANA TOSTES (ed.)</p></li><li><p>Alberto Soeiro, TAP-Montepio building, Maputo, Mozambique. EWV, Elisirio Miranda, 2010</p><p>MODERN ARCHITECTURE IN AFRICA: ANGOLA AND MOZAMBIQUE</p><p>ANA TOSTES (ed.)</p></li><li><p>To the many entities that have contributedArquivo da Fundao da Calouste GulbenkianArquivo Fotogrfico da Cmara Municipal de LisboaArquivo Histrico da Caixa Geral de DepsitosArquivo Histrico de MaputoArquivo Histrico UltramarinoCmara Municipal de LuandaCentro de Documentao de Urbanismo em Arquitectura da Faculdade de Arquitectura da Universidade do PortoCentro de Documentao do Instituto Portugus de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento Conselho de Administrao dos Portos e Caminhos de Ferro de MoambiqueConselho Municipal de MaputoConselho Municipal de QuelimaneDOCOMOMO InternacionalEmbaixada de Portugal em LuandaEmbaixada de Portugal em Maputo Faculdade de Arquitectura e Planeamento Fsico da Universidade Eduardo Mondlane Faculdade de Medicina Veterinria da Universidade Jos Eduardo dos SantosFundao para a Cincia e a Tecnologia Instituto Cames Instituto da Habitao e da Reabilitao Urbana Instituto de Engenharia de Estruturas, Territrio e Construo (ICIST)Instituto de Investigao Cientfica Tropical Instituto Superior Tcnico (Tcnico, Lisboa)Ministrio das Obras Pblicas e Habitao de MoambiqueOrdem dos ArquitetosServios Tcnicos e Infraestruturas do HuamboUniversidade Agostinho NetoUniversidade do Minho Universidade Eduardo MondlaneUniversidade Jos Eduardo dos Santos</p><p>To the many people who supported Alda CostaAlexandre PomarAna CanasAna Paula GordoAna Paula LaborinhoAna ValenteAndr Fontes Anselmo CaniAntoni FolkersAntnio Albuquerque Antnio Matos VelosoAntnio PinheiroAntnio Ribeiro da CostaAurlio NogueiraBeatriz MadureiraBernardino RamalheteBrito Antnio SocaCalunga QuissangaCarla CanhoCarlos Eduardo ComasCarolina EstevesCatarina Vaz PintoCelsa Xemane Cidalina DuarteCludia Melo SampaioCristvo SimesEduardo Figueirinhas Correia Eduardo InsEduardo Naya MarquesFernando MaiaFerno Simes de CarvalhoFrancesco BandarinFrancisco Castro RodriguesFrancisco IvoFrancisco Jos de CastroFrancisco Ribeiro TellesGraa Gonalves PereiraIbraimo Mussagy Idalio JuvaneIldio do AmaralIns ViegasIsabel Maria MartinsIsabel RibeiroIvan BlasiJane Flood</p><p>Joo CepedaJoo Francisco Joo NavegaJoo PignatelliJoo Santos VieiraJoo Teles GriloJos Augusto DuarteJos Belmont Pessoa Jos BorgesJos CochofelJos ForjazJos Lus Pinto da CunhaJos QuintoLlonka GuedesLuciana RochaLus LageMarcelo Moreno FerreiraMargarida AlhoMaria da Glora Garizo do CarmoMaria Jos OliveiraMaria Jos SilvaMaria Manuel Vila NovaMaria Manuela FonteMaria Manuela PortugalMaria Teresa MonteiroMarlia GonalvesMrio GonalvesMaristella CasciatoMohamad ArifOla UdukuPatrick Dias da CunhaPaulino Pires Pedro RamalhoPedro Sousa e SilvaPitum Keil do AmaralRosa Paula MatosRui Cirne da FonsecaSimonetta Luz AfonsoSusana VarelaTom AvermaeteVernica Garizo do CarmoVicente Joaquim</p><p>To the students who participated in the International Workshop (Re) Using Modern: To Identify | To Document | To Preserve, held in March 2012 in FAPF-UEM, Maputo, MozambiqueAbelAmbreAnaBritoBulandeCaetanoCarlosChirindzaCludioDalteDjanineEdsonEdyEliasElisEtevaldoEuricoGabeneGizelaHelenaHlioIrnioJjJorgeKuang LeeLopesMacandzaMacondzoMalikitoManhiaMauroMrciaNlioNeloNhaveneNurdinoPriscilaRazinRgesRosrioSolangeTecueneViolaYaraZandamela</p><p>ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Modern Architecture in Africa:Angola and MozambiqueAna Tostes (ed.), 2013</p><p>EditorAna Tostes</p><p>PrefaceIsabel Maria MartinsJlio Carrilho and Lus Lage</p><p>TextsAna Tostes (AT)Vincenzo Riso (VR)Joo Vieira Caldas (JVC)Maria Manuel Oliveira (MMO)Elisirio Miranda (EM)Ana Magalhes (AM)Maria Joo Teles Grilo (MJTG)Margarida Quint (MQ)Jessica Bonito (JB)Zara Ferreira (ZF)Francisco Seabra Ferreira (FSF)Catarina Delgado (CD)Ana Maria Braga (AB)</p><p>Text RevisionSandra Vaz Costa</p><p>TranslationSandra Vaz CostaIsabel Arez</p><p>RedrawingAna Maria BragaCatarina DelgadoFrancisco Seabra FerreiraJessica BonitoPaulo Silva</p><p>Photographic CreditsArquivo EWV: Ana Tostes, Vincenzo Riso, Joo Vieira Caldas, Maria Manuel Oliveira, Elisirio Miranda, Ana Magalhes, Francisco Seabra Ferreira, Margarida Quint, Catarina Delgado, Ana Maria Braga.Arquivo do Conselho Municipal de MaputoArquivo do Conselho Municipal de QuelimaneArquivo do Ministrio das Obras Pblicas e Habitao de MoambiqueArquivo Histrico da Caixa Geral de DepsitosArquivo Histrico de MaputoArquivo Histrico UltramarinoArquivo Ferno Simes de CarvalhoArquivo Lus LageCentro de Documentao de Urbanismo em Arquitectura da Faculdade de Arquitectura da Universidade do Porto: Armnio TeixeiraCentro de Documentao do Instituto Portugus de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento</p><p>Ana MagalhesAntnio Albuquerque Eduardo Figueirinhas CorreiaElisirio MirandaIreneu MiguelMargarida Quint</p><p>e images subtitles follow the sequent order of information: name of the building or object, photo archive, photographers name, photo date. </p><p>ICIST, Tcnico, Lisbon, 2013</p><p>Graphic DesignAna Maria BragaProportion[3:4] 20,2 x 27 cmFontsP22 UndergroundTramuntana</p><p>1st edition, Lisbon, 2013</p><p>ISBN978-989-658-241-8Legal Registration366828/13</p><p>CoverArmnio Losa and Cassiano Barbosa, Monteiro&amp;Giro Ceramics Factory, Quelimane, Mozambique, EWV, Ana Tostes, 2010</p><p>Back CoverFrancisco Castro Rodrigues, Terrace Cinema Flamingo, Lobito, Angola,Ana Magalhes, 2008</p><p>Websiteewv.ist.utl.pt</p><p>e selected images belong to thenamed archives and cannot be reproduced. No part of this book can be reproduced without expressed permission by the publisher or the authors.</p><p>e publisher has made all the efforts available in order to obtain the commitments relating to the reproduction of photographs presented in this work. In case of remained legitimate rights, please contact the publisher.</p><p> this edition, ICIST/Tcnico, Lisboa texts, authors images, authors</p><p>Book published under the scope of the research project:EWV_Exchanging Worlds Visions: modern architecture in Lusophone Africa (1943-1974) looking through Brazilian experience established since the 1930s (FCT Reference: PTDC/AUR-AQI/103229/2008)Ana Tostes Coordinator (ICIST/Tcnico, Lisboa)</p><p>Applicant Institution</p><p>Principal Contractor</p><p>Participating Institutions</p><p>Whith the support of</p></li><li><p>014The Challenge of </p><p>African Architecture and the Test of Time</p><p>Modernity in Angola and MozambiqueAna Tostes</p><p>008Preface</p><p>Isabel Maria MartinsJlio Carrilho and Lus Lage</p><p>026ChronologyAna TostesZara Ferreira</p><p>062Looking Both Sides</p><p>A Lab on Architecture between Globalism and Localism</p><p>Ana Tostes</p><p>018Re-Drawing Operations</p><p>Methodology, Questions and ResultsVicenzo Riso</p><p>150Rdio Nacional de Angola Building</p><p>Le Corbusiers Legacy in the TropicsAna Magalhes</p><p>164The Prenda Neighbourhood Unit</p><p>Luanda Seen rough the Athens Charter</p><p>Ana TostesAna Braga</p><p>196State Oicials Building</p><p>A Version of Corbusiers Lesson</p><p>Ana TostesJessica Bonito</p><p>206Mutamba Building</p><p>e Virtuosity of Brise-SoleiJoo Vieira Caldas</p><p>212Veterinary Academic Hospital in Huambo</p><p>Old African BrutalismMargarida Quint</p><p>134Universal Building</p><p>A Housing Unit in the TropicsAna Magalhes</p><p>138Terrace Cinema Flamingo </p><p>Modern Life in the TropicsAna Magalhes</p><p>144Lobito High School</p><p>Learning in the Open AirAna Magalhes</p><p>128Cirilo&amp;Irmo Building</p><p>e 50s and the Coffee CycleAna Tostes</p><p>Jessica Bonito</p><p>188Engineering Laboratory of Angola</p><p>A Campus of Knowledge Designed with the Climate</p><p>Ana TostesAna Braga</p><p>124Municipal Market of Kinaxixe</p><p>e Sun Shadowing PathMaria Joo Teles Grilo</p><p>CHRONOLOGY</p><p>LOOKING BOTH SIDES</p><p>INTRODUCTION</p><p>ANGOLA</p><p>MOZAMBIQUE</p><p>224Prometheus Building</p><p>Stiloguedes, the Bizarre and Fantastic Family</p><p>Ana TostesJessica Bonito</p><p>390The Polana High School</p><p>A Case of Recovery of a Modern Building in Mozambique</p><p>Vicenzo Riso</p><p>274The TAP-Montepio Building</p><p>Between Loureno Marques and Maputo</p><p>Maria Manuel OliveiraJessica Bonito</p><p>328The Pyramidal Kindergarten </p><p>e Cradle of the American-Egyptian</p><p>Ana TostesZara Ferreira</p><p>356Khovo Lar</p><p>e Swiss Mission in MaputoJoo Vieira Caldas</p><p>Francisco Seabra Ferreira</p><p>238The BNU Overseas National </p><p>Bank in MozambiqueModern Infrastructures in Maputo, </p><p>Chimoio and QuelimaneElisirio Miranda</p><p>308Beira Railway Station</p><p>Maturity and Criticism of the Modern Movement </p><p>in MozambiqueAna Magalhes</p><p>Elisirio Miranda</p><p>254The Monteiro&amp;Giro Ensemble </p><p>The City and the FactoryAna Tostes</p><p>Maria Manuel Oliveira</p><p>336Palaces of Public Oices </p><p>in MozambiqueFunctionalism and Representativeness</p><p>Elisirio Miranda</p><p>366Quelimane Library</p><p>A Cultural Icon: Bton Brut on a Climate-Responsive </p><p>Design VersionAna Tostes</p><p>290The Tonelli Buildinge Habitable Shelf</p><p>Ana TostesAna Braga</p><p>350Estrela Vermelha High School</p><p>A Paradigm of Mozambican School Architecture of the ird Quarter </p><p>of the Twentieth CenturyElisirio Miranda</p><p>372Headquarters of Entreposto </p><p>Enterprise Intense Brutalism</p><p>Ana TostesFrancisco Seabra Ferreira</p><p>382A Reguladora Factory</p><p>Industry and Formal SimplicityJoo Vieira Caldas</p><p>Francisco Seabra Ferreira</p><p>232A Small Convent Made of Shadow and Breeze, </p><p>Made of Dome and CloisterAna Tostes</p><p>Catarina Delgado</p><p>438Biographies</p><p>Jessica BonitoElisirio Miranda</p><p>452Bibliography</p><p>468Chronology Images </p><p>Subtitles</p><p>473Name Index</p><p>466Index of Abbreviations</p><p>BIOGRAPHIES</p><p>JOURNEY TO AFRICA</p><p>400Maps</p><p>426(Re)Using Modern: </p><p>To IdentifyTo Document</p><p>To PreserveMaria Manuel Oliveira</p><p>Jessica Bonito</p></li><li><p>Modern Architecture in Africa: Angola and Mozambique 009</p><p>PREFACE</p><p>Isabel Maria MartinsJlio Carrilho and Lus Lage</p><p>I am very pleased to introduce this magnificent book which results from a long and ascertained research on Modern Movement development in Africa on the period of time of an unforgettable and recent past.</p><p>It is also an honest tribute to Ana Tostes for coordinating the international conference ewv Exchanging Worlds Visions. Modern architecture in Lusophone Africa (1943-1974) looking through Brazilian experience established since the 1930s, which completion originated this book, being also a tribute to the entire research group.</p><p>During the xx century only few were capable to reflect on paths flowed by architecture. Currently, young architects seam not to debate on what is build, to reflect upon the lesson each building is able to teach, furthermore, to think of what an architectonical act stands for.</p><p>After all, this simple action results from the wise capacity to synthesize and co-ordinate the design, production and construction process. It is also the ability to transform conceptual ideas into building design assets, or, nevertheless, to wonder if architecture results from knowledge and practices of build spaces, or also, if it is a subject to study and to establish quality paradigms, or if it is only an activity leading to the creation of places, sites or exceptional works dethatched from our day life.</p><p>Modern Movement, major reference on the xx century architecture and urba-nism, made inseparable two sides of same reality.</p><p>Architecture modernity implies a serious amount of cultural changes, but only few have been assumed. Better quality product, new materials and new techni-ques available, among others, were watchwords to this modernity</p><p>e same time in which architecture was able to raise utopiase will to practice architecture on the values of Modern Movement also </p><p>implied commitment to democracy, social freedom and free design, pushing to Africa architects willing to devise places of inestimable merit, willing to debate and to share ideas and knowhow able to lead them to a commitment between what exists and what has never been, between old and new, ultimately, the future of architecture. Quoting Ana Tostes bringing to Africa the architects who will design the modern utopia (Ana Tostes, 2009, 7).</p><p>And so it is also the purpose of this book disclosure of the same utopias which turned into reality on unthinkable territories, on a peculiar historical European moment of time able to embrace it. As Perret would say wonder and emotion are timeless reactions</p><p>Isabel Maria MartinsPhD in History of Architecture by FAUP.Associate Professor and Coordinator of the Department of Architecture of UAN.</p><p>Luanda, August 2013</p></li><li><p>Modern Architecture in Africa: Angola and Mozambique 011010</p><p>MORE THAN A VIEW</p><p>is book is stunning. Not only because of its proficiency in the attempt to understand others context, in a enthusiastic collaboration joining technical knowledge beyond time of the analyzed objects, rigorous selection of architec-tonical objects, but also because the author of this book is aware that it, the book, is a kind of disturbing witness, uncomfortably engaging our minds, defying those who, somehow, belong to the corruptor ethos of the analyzed works, i.e., teach-ers and Mozambican students working with her, including us. e author knows about this discomfort because she has discussed with us about the question emerging to young Mozambican architects: if I do not sympathize with this kind of things really well thought out, by the way why should I turn them into examples, like something that cannot be transformed to another way of living in the urban manner, by those who never had the opportunity to even enter these objects?.</p><p>One might say it appears that these buildings were not the only ones to be present in the wrong time. But also the institutions and people who occupy them and therefore have wrongly appropriated space. But maybe this situation is also one of architecture values: to be able to be corrupted and yet, has a life witness, to serve those who use it along each period of time. How to rehabilitate these buildings when the context they are in is not the same that gave them origin? How to do it without erasing their memory, their technical and aesthetic nature, and their value as urban mark? is is also the challenge presented to young Mo-zambican architects. A challenge also presented by Mozambican law for Cultural Heritage, by establishing as some of its protection criteria, the fact that these buildings express the idea of witnessing the coexistence of different cultures and civilizations in the same territory, or, just for revealing particular architectonical interest. is way of interpreting the spirit of law on behalf of older testimonies is by us extrapolated on behalf of modernity. e protection of built heritage is never exclusionary, not in time nor in place, but an exercise on the sense of be-longing and constant learning, towards a much more inclusive future.</p><p>is is one major value this book presents us: to suggest difficult challenges, the ones capable to raise the preservation issue on qualities exhibited by selected w...</p></li></ul>

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