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PARLIAMENT OF VICTORIA PAGE 1 E AAG AEE EAE GE · PDF file 2015. 2. 23. · E AAG AEE EAE GE PARLIAMENT OF VICTORIA PAGE 3 Versio 1 11 ecembe 2014 LEVEL Local: shire, city, rural city

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  • THE AMAZING ADVENTURES TEACHER’S GUIDE

    PARLIAMENT OF VICTORIA PAGE 1

    Version 1 - 11 December 2014

    ABOUT THE AMAZING ADVENTURES

    In these interactive stories, students have the opportunity to choose from four different characters (Shu, Spike, Jenny and Duncan). Each character faces a different challenge where they are given a number of choices about how to find a solution. Students must work together to figure out what decisions the character should make.

    The interactive stories are designed to be experienced in a group or as a whole class. They differ from the interactive comics, which are designed to be experienced individually. They provide learning experiences for students that foster discussion and group problem solving. Each of the interactive stories uses a situation that students can relate to and takes place in a familiar location (local neighbourhood, beach, city and airport). The aim is to encourage students to consider real-life experiences and how they connect with the three levels of government.

    GROUP FACILITATION

    Students will get the most out of the interactive stories with a teacher facilitating discussion, encouraging collaboration and group problem solving and fostering connections with the three levels of government.

    At each decision point, students should be encouraged to talk about the choices that are available and what the consequences might be if they made a particular choice. Groups should come to a consensus about the best course of action. Students should also think about the services and facilities that the character uses in the story and which of the three levels of government is responsible for the service/facility.

    To assist with this, discussion questions and strategies for facilitation are provided. There are also follow up activities for students to encourage further exploration around how the stories relate to the three levels of government.

    CURRICULUM LINKS

    LEVEL

    5 - 8

    STRAND

    Physical, personal and social learning

    DOMAIN

    Civics and citizenship

    DIMENSION

    Civic knowledge and understanding

  • THE AMAZING ADVENTURES TEACHER’S GUIDE

    PARLIAMENT OF VICTORIA PAGE 2

    Version 1 - 11 December 2014

    FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

    • Defence • Trade • Foreign affairs • Immigration • Communications • Lighthouses • Quarantine • Currency • Bankruptcy • Copyright • Family Law • Pensions • Highways

    STATE GOVERNMENT

    • Law and order • Schools • Hospitals • Water • Transport • Agriculture • Forests • Energy • Major roads

    LOCAL GOVERNMENT

    • Building regulations • Waste management • Parks and gardens • Libraries • Swimming pools • Animal control • Local roads • Street lights

    AREAS OF RESPONSIBILITY LOCAL, STATE AND FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS

    In Australia we have three levels of Government: federal, state and local. The power is shared between these three levels. The Federal Government’s powers are set out in the Australian Constitution. It has exclusive powers in matters such as defence, foreign policy, currency, airports, immigration and communications.

    Some powers are shared and both state and federal parliaments are able to make laws for these matters. If there is a conflicting law the federal law takes precedence. In practice, states and territories rely on the Commonwealth for financial grants to implement programs. This gives the Commonwealth significant power over the decisions that the states and territories make.

    Local governments are responsible for services within a council area, however, they do not have constitutional independence. The Local Government Act 1989 of the Victorian Parliament gives the Victorian Parliament the power to expand or restrict the powers of local government.

    Power is often shared between all three levels of government. Some examples where governance is shared are roads, environmental management and public health.

    BACKGROUND INFORMATION

  • THE AMAZING ADVENTURES TEACHER’S GUIDE

    PARLIAMENT OF VICTORIA PAGE 3

    Version 1 - 11 December 2014

    LEVEL Local: shire, city, rural city

    State Commonwealth or federal

    CROWN REPRESENTATIVE

    - Governor Governor-General

    LAW Local Laws State Commonwealth/federal

    LEADER Mayor Premier Prime Minister

    REVENUE Rates, state and federal grants

    Taxes, federal grants Taxes

    HEALTH Meals-on-wheels, garbage collection

    Public hospitals, nursing services

    Funding, Medicare, drug control

    EDUCATION Childcare Funding - primary and secondary

    Funding - post-secondary

    TRANSPORT Footpaths, street signs Some railways and buses, roads

    Highways, railways, airports, air safety

    OTHER Libraries, pets Police, fire brigade, environment

    Foreign affairs, immigration, pensions, post, arts

    AUSTRALIA’S THREE LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT

    Sourced from: http://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/images/stories/documents/education/Inside_Parliament_2014_small.pdf pp. 12

    http://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/images/stories/documents/education/Inside_Parliament_2014_small.pdf

  • THE AMAZING ADVENTURES TEACHER’S GUIDE

    PARLIAMENT OF VICTORIA PAGE 4

    Version 1 - 11 December 2014

    FURTHER INFORMATION

    Parliament of Victoria www.parliament.vic.gov.au/about/the-parliamentary-system

    Australian Passport Office www.passports.gov.au

    Victorian Taxi Commission www.taxi.vic.gov.au

    Public Transport Victoria www.ptv.vic.gov.au

    Melbourne Airport www.melbourneairport.com.au

    Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Advice for travellers. www.smartraveller.gov.au

    Department of Transport, Planning and Local Infrastructure Guide to local government. www.dpcd.vic.gov.au/localgovernment/guide-to-local-government

    Department of Environment and Primary Industries Legal requirements for dog owners. www.depi.vic.gov.au/pets/dogs/legal-requirements-for-dog-owners

    Australian government Information about lighthouses. www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/austn-lighthouses

    Australian Maritime Safety Authority Information about search and rescue services. www.amsa.gov.au/search-and-rescue/rcc/

    Department of Communications Information about managing telecommunications. www.communications.gov.au

    Department of State Development Business and Innovation Where energy comes from. www.energyandresources.vic.gov.au/energy/education-and-training

    www.parliament.vic.gov.au/about/the-parliamentary-system https://www.passports.gov.au www.passports.gov.au www.taxi.vic.gov.au ptv.vic.gov.au melbourneairport.com.au www.smartraveller.gov.au www.dpcd.vic.gov.au/localgovernment/guide www.depi.vic.gov.au/pets/dogs/legal www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/austn www.amsa.gov.au/search-and-rescue/rcc www.communications.gov.au www.energyandresources.vic.gov.au/energy/education

  • THE AMAZING ADVENTURES TEACHER’S GUIDE: SHU

    PARLIAMENT OF VICTORIA PAGE 5

    Version 1 - 11 December 2014

    In this story, Shu is flying as an unaccompanied minor to Hong Kong to visit her grandparents. Students must help Shu deal with the challenges of losing her passport and communicating with another passenger.

    Discussion around the responsibilities of the three levels of government in this story could include:

    • Passports and international travel – federal government • Citizenship – federal government and local government for naturalisation. • Taxi services – state government • Public transport – state government • Airports – local, state and federal governments • Embassies and consulates – federal government

    FACILITATION NOTES

    At each decision point, students should be encouraged to talk about the choices that are available and what the consequences might be if they made a particular choice. Groups should come to a consensus about the best course of action. You may like to explore some of the options that students have decided not to choose to find out what happens and to read the information boxes that relate to the three levels of government. The following questions are provided to help facilitate discussion, decision making and making connections with the three levels of government:

    Before viewing • What are the different services that airports provide? Who is responsible for these services? • What laws are there for Australians travelling overseas? Who makes these laws? • What types of problems might you encounter at the airport? Who would you ask to help you? • What experiences have you had at the airport? Did you encounter any problems? Who did you ask for

    help?

    While viewing • What services do Shu and her parents use? Which level of government is responsible for providing

    these services?

  • THE AMAZING ADVENTURES TEACHER’S GUIDE: SHU

    PARLIAMENT OF VICTORIA PAGE 6

    Version 1 - 11 December 2014

    • Why do we need a passport to travel overseas? What if we didn’t have passports? • Who issues passports and who can get an Australian passport? • Which decision is best considering Shu doesn’t have much time to get on her flight? • What are the rules for unaccompanied minors? Who makes these rules?

    After viewing • As a group, how did you go about deciding on the right choices for Shu? • What else would you like to find out about the three levels of government? • What other pro