Physical Education, Physical Activity & School Sport Strategy

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Physical Education, Physical Activity & School Sport Strategy


<ul><li><p>Physical Education, School Sportand Physical ActivityPolicy and Strategy</p><p>AA</p><p>NN</p><p>EE</p><p>FFOORR</p><p>AA</p><p>''</p></li><li><p>Physical Education,School Sport and Physical Activity</p><p>Policy and Strategy</p><p>Contents</p><p>Section</p><p>Policy 3Physical Education, School Sport and Physical Activity Strategy 3</p><p>Introduction 5</p><p>National context 5</p><p>The Vision 5</p><p>School-Club Links 8</p><p>Creating the Vision 9</p><p>Helping Young People to Learn and Achieve 11</p><p>Participation Pathways 12</p><p>Priorities for Action 13</p><p>Bibliography &amp; Key Publications 13</p><p>Acknowledgements 13</p><p>Appendix 1: Outcomes of Effective Links 15</p><p>Appendix 2: Outdoor Education 19</p><p>Appendix 3: Facilities 21</p><p>1</p></li><li><p>gaining the appropriatemovement and behavioural skills</p><p>needed for an active life</p><p>PolicyThere has never been a more important time for thedevelopment of quality experiences in physicaleducation, physical activity and sport for children andyoung people in Falkirk Council. The time is right todevelop the strategy in line with national initiativesand developments and the Councils Physical ActivityStrategy. It is important to enable children and youngpeople to become involved in PE, sport and physicalactivity and keep them involved as regularparticipation can reduce obesity, improve fitnesslevels and improve concentration and self esteem, canhelp improve attendance, behaviour, achievement andattainment.</p><p>Underpinning PrinciplesThe underpinning principles of this policy are:</p><p>All children and young people are entitled to takepart in and enjoy Physical Education, Sport andPhysical Activity, regardless of their circumstancesor ability;</p><p>Falkirk Council seeks to promote children andyoung peoples health, safety and wellbeing;</p><p>All children and young people should be enabled toimprove and achieve in line with their age andpotential;</p><p>All children and young people should have accessto a minimum of two hours of quality physicaleducation within the curriculum per week and onehour of physical activity every day in line withScottish Government targets.</p><p>Course of action to be followedAll educational establishments and relevantsupport services must take account of this policyand strategy when reviewing and developingPhysical Education, Sport and Physical Activity.</p><p>Who should implement the policyThe policy will be implemented by headteachers andmanagers in all educational establishments and atauthority level by relevant support services.</p><p>ReviewThe policy will be reviewed by Falkirk CouncilEducation Services during session 2013-14.</p><p>Genesis of the policyThis policy was developed by a working groupestablished by Council Education Services;</p><p>It was approved by Council Education and LeisureCommittee and Policy and Resources Committee,</p><p>2 3</p></li><li><p>to develophealthy, physically active and vibrant</p><p>communities acrossthe Falkirk area</p><p>to make them feel good!</p><p>Introduction</p><p>In October 2006 Falkirk Council launched theFalkirk Physical Activity Strategy and Action Plan Lets Make Falkirk More Active. The plan wasproduced after consultants PMR Leisure werecommissioned to help the partners (Falkirk Counciland Forth Valley NHS Trust) to achieve the aim ofcreating healthy and safe communities to live andwork in.</p><p>Education Services Physical Education, Sport andPhysical Activity Strategy is a major component ofthe overarching strategy, identifying Educationscontribution to achieving the points within the ActionPlan.</p><p>Physical activity is a broad term referring to allbodily movement that uses energy. It thereforeincludes physical education and sport. However, it iswider than this, as it also includes active play androutine, habitual activities such as walking andcycling, as well as housework and gardening</p><p>Physical education is the planned, progressivelearning that takes place in school curriculumtimetabled time and which is delivered to all pupils.This involves both learning to move (i.e. becomingmore physically competent) and moving to learn(e.g. learning through movement, a range of skillsand understandings beyond physical activity, suchas co-operating with others). The context for thelearning is physical activity, with childrenexperiencing a broad range of activities, includingsport and dance.</p><p>School sport is the structured learning that takesplace beyond the school curriculum (i.e. in theextended curriculum), sometimes referred to as out-of-school-hours learning. Again, the context for thelearning is physical activity. The school sportprogramme has the potential to develop andbroaden the foundation learning that takes place inphysical education. It also forms a vital link withcommunity sport and activity.</p><p>National Context</p><p>In February 2003 the Scottish Executive publishedLets Make Scotland More Active - a strategy forphysical activity. This national strategy identifiedphysical activity targets for all people living inScotland. The following targets were identified forchildren and young people.</p><p>Parents should be given support to acquire thenecessary skills and confidence to take an activerole in helping their children to enjoy an activelife.All children and young people, including thosewith disabilities, should have the opportunity tobe physically active through their home, school,college or university and community. This shouldinclude:</p><p>having the opportunity and being encouragedto take part in physical activity for at least onehour a day; andhaving access to a range of physical activitiesincluding play, sports, dance, exercise, outdooractivities, and active travel, such as walkingand cycling, and being encouraged to be activein daily tasks in and around school, college oruniversity.</p><p>There should be stronger links between schooland community, and between nursery, primary,secondary school and further and highereducation.All children, including children with disabilities,should be physically educated in nursery, primaryand secondary school. This should include:</p><p>taking part in a minimum of two hours ofquality physical education classes a weekgaining the appropriate movement andbehavioural skills needed for an active life.</p><p>In February 2003, Active Schools was identified as akey element of the Scottish Executives drive to getmore Scots more active - a commitment outlined inthe National Physical Activity Strategy. The ScottishExecutive has since been developing a range ofpartnerships and establishing actions needed totake this work forward under the banner of theHealthy Living Campaign. As a result ofsportscotlands successful work with the originalSchool Sport Co-ordinator and Active PrimarySchool Co-ordinator pilot programmes, the ScottishExecutive provided sportscotland with a budget of12 million to roll out the Active Schools element toall schools throughout Scotland.</p><p>In June 2004 the Scottish Executive produced thefindings and recommendations of The Report of theReview Group on Physical Education. It chargedlocal authorities with the following:</p><p>All schools and education authorities shouldactively increase participation levels in andopportunities for quality physical educationacross all the stages from 3-18.</p><p>4 5</p></li><li><p>All schools and education authorities should beworking towards meeting the recommendation ofproviding a minimum of two hours qualityphysical education for each child every week.</p><p>Those with responsibility for taking forward therecommendations should take account of theneed to ensure that disabled pupils have accessto an appropriate experience of quality physicaleducation whether they are in pre-school,primary, secondary or special schools.</p><p>Improving Scotlands Health - the Challengepublished by the Scottish Executive in 2003provided a strategic framework to support theprocesses required to deliver a more rapid rate ofhealth improvement in Scotland. Scottish schoolswere charged with achieving Health PromotingSchool status by December 2007. This involves awhole school approach to promoting physical,spiritual, social, mental and emotional well being ofall staff and pupils. The network of Active Schools isbeing developed in a way that is consistent with thegeneral ethos of Health Promoting Schools.</p><p>How will we know when we have provided this?When schools, establishments and clubs see youngpeople who:</p><p>are committed to PE, Sport and Physical Activityin school and out with;</p><p>know and understand what they are trying toachieve and how to go about doing it;</p><p>understand that PE, Sport and Physical Activityare an important part of a healthy, activelifestyle;</p><p>have the confidence to get involved;</p><p>have the skills and control that they need to takepart in PE, Sport and Physical Activity;</p><p>willingly take part in a range of competitive,creative and challenge-type activities, both asindividuals and as part of a team;</p><p>think about what they are doing and makeappropriate decisions for themselves;</p><p>show a desire to improve and achieve in relationto their own abilities;</p><p>have developed stamina, suppleness andstrength;</p><p>enjoy PE, Sport and Physical Activity.</p><p>What outcomes do we seek to achieve?</p><p>Increased participation levels;</p><p>Reduction in obesity;</p><p>Improved health levels;</p><p>Reduced levels of anti-social behaviour;</p><p>Increased attendance levels in schools;</p><p>An increase in inter-school events;</p><p>Increase in the number of young peopleachieving accredited outcomes e.g. CSLA, Dukeof Edinburgh, etc;</p><p>Increased involvement in the pathway fromschool to clubs;</p><p>Local clubs have been strengthened by thenumber of young people involved;</p><p>Increase the number of volunteers involved inPE, Sport and Physical Activity;</p><p>Increase in medal tally at European,Commonwealth, World and Olympic Games.</p><p>taking part in a minimum oftwo hours of quality physical</p><p>education classes a week</p><p>6 7</p><p>How can we achieve these outcomes?</p><p>Early Years</p><p>In early years it is necessary to provide an environment which can facilitateopportunities for young children to enjoy and develop an active healthy lifestyle.</p><p>Primary Sector</p><p>In primary schools it is necessary to provide an environment which can sustain thenational guidelines for PE and Physical Activity.</p><p>gross motor - the ability to controlthe body</p><p>spatial - awareness of space, directionand level</p><p>visual - co-ordinate hand/eyemovement</p><p>fine motor - refine movement of arms,legs, etc</p><p>Encourage children to develop basicmotor skills</p><p>Space is available for all forms of playin a safe, secure environment</p><p>Physical activity is fun and enjoyable</p><p>Equipment is appropriate for physicalDevelopment</p><p>Encourage children to build up basicphysical strength on a daily basis</p><p>Achieve health promoting schoolstatus</p><p>Learn the importance of health andwell being</p><p>Early YearsEstablishments</p><p>engage young childrenin energetic play</p><p>Two hours ofquality physical</p><p>education per week</p><p>Primary Schools</p><p>Support from primary specialist team</p><p>Post graduate certificate in PE for primaryclass teachers</p><p>CPD for class teachers and specialist team</p><p>Primary - secondary links</p><p>A curriculum for excellence - flexiblecurriculum/learning in appropriate context</p><p>One ActiveSchools Co-ordinator</p><p>per cluster</p><p>Being creative in use of available space e.g.outdoor learning</p><p>Use of new technology e.g. dancemats tosupport health and fitness</p><p>Partnership working with relation to facilities</p><p>Active travel</p><p>After school clubs</p><p>Playground games andactivities</p><p>Breakfast clubs with activity</p><p>Holiday programmes</p><p>School - club links</p><p>Recruitment and retention ofvolunteers</p><p>Curriculum suport e.g. healthweek input, PSD, etc</p><p>Partnership working</p><p>One hour of physicalactivity per day</p></li><li><p>8 9</p><p>School-Club Links</p><p>Schools do not deliver high quality PE, PhysicalActivity and Sport entirely on their own; rather, theywork in partnership with a wide range of organisationsand clubs in the voluntary and private sector.</p><p>Why is it important to have effectiveSchool-Club links?</p><p>Effective school-club links create a pathway enablingyoung people to:</p><p>Make the most of their experiences in bothsettings;</p><p>Have the opportunity to try new sports andactivities;</p><p>Continue participating in sport throughout life;</p><p>Feel comfortable in a club setting.</p><p>What are effective links?When schools and clubs work well together they:</p><p>Communicate, respect and promote one another;</p><p>Find ways of enabling all young people to take partin activities, whatever their background or ability;</p><p>Develop a shared strategy for involving youngpeople, parents/carers;</p><p>Enhance and further develop young peoplesexperience and ability;</p><p>Recognise, celebrate and share their achievement;</p><p>Share and develop teaching and coachingexpertise;</p><p>Understand the roles and responsibilities of otherthe link agencies that contribute to and supportactivities e.g. Sport Central.</p><p>Secondary Sector</p><p>In secondary schools it is necessary to provide an environment which cansustain the national guidelines for PE, Physical Activity and Sport.</p><p>SecondarySchools</p><p>A wide variety of activities in the PEcurriculum</p><p>Promote wider achievement throughaward schemes e.g. Community Sports</p><p>Leader Award (CSLA)</p><p>Flexibility of pupil choice</p><p>Physical education for all S1 - S6 pupils</p><p>Active travel</p><p>Lunch-time/after school clubs</p><p>Events e.g. inter-school competitions,inter-council, national, etc</p><p>Breakfast clubs with activity</p><p>Holiday programmes</p><p>Two hours ofquality physical</p><p>education per week</p><p>One ActiveSchools Co-ordinator</p><p>per school</p><p>Volunteering opportunities</p><p>Organisation and involvement inevents e.g. inter-school competitions inter-</p><p>council, etc</p><p>School - club links</p><p>School - club links</p><p>Recruitment and retention of volunteers</p><p>Partnership working</p><p>Promote wider achievement throughaward scheme e.g. CSLA</p><p>CPD for staff</p><p>Training opportunities for pupils e.g.coaching awards</p><p>Physical educationdepartments</p><p>What are the outcomes of effective links?When schools and clubs work well together theyachieve a number of positive outcomes:</p><p>Young people are committed to PE, PhysicalActivity and Sport in school and out of school;</p><p>Young people know and understand what they aretrying to achieve and how to go about doing it;</p><p>Understand that PE, Physical Activity and Sportare an important part of a healthy, active lifestyle;</p><p>Young people have the confidence to get involved inPE, Physical Activity and Sport;</p><p>Young people have the skills and control that theyneed to take part in PE, Physical Activity and Sport;</p><p>Young people willingly take part in a range ofcompetitive, creative and challenging activities;</p><p>Young people think about what they are doing andmake appropriate decisions for themselves;</p><p>Young people show a desire to improve and achievein relation to their own abilities;</p><p>Young people have developed stamina, supplenessand strength to keep going;</p><p>Young people enjoy PE, school and communitysport.</p><p>These outcomes are further exemplified inAppendix 1.</p><p>Creating the Vision</p><p>The following diagram shows how schools and clubs can create and share the vision of high quality PE, PhysicalActivity and Sport.</p><p>Explain the value ofPE, physical activity andschool sport to learninghealth and well being in</p><p>a way that pupils,teachers and parents</p><p>understand.</p><p>Set highexpectations of what</p><p>individual pupils and thewhole school can achieve</p><p>in and through PEphysical activity and</p><p>school sport.</p><p>Recognise what PEand school sport canachieve for each pupiland the whole school.</p><p>High...</p></li></ul>


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