pkef]Qmf ;+/If0f lgodfjnL, @)%^ ??à¤à¤­à¥‹à¤•à¥à¤¤à¤¾

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    1 www.lawcommission.gov.np

    pkef]Qmf ;+/If0f lgodfjnL, @)%^

    g]kfn /fhkqdf k|sflzt ldlt

    @)%^.%.#!

    ;+zf]wg

    pkef]Qmf ;+/If0f -klxnf] ;+zf]wg_ lgodfjnL, @)&) @)&).!.#)

    pkef]Qmf ;+/If0f P]g, @)%$ sf] bkmf #) n] lbPsf] clwsf/ k|of]u u/L g]kfn ;/sf/n]

    b]xfosf lgodx agfPsf] 5 M

    != ;+lIfKt gfd / k|f/De M -!_ oL lgodxsf] gfd pkef]Qmf ;+/If0f lgodfjnL, @)%^

    /x]sf] 5 .

    -@_ of] lgodfjnL t'?Gt k|f/De x'g]5 .

    @= kl/efiff M ljifo jf k|;+un] csf]{ cy{ gnfu]df o; lgodfjnLdf M

    -s_ P]g eGgfn] pkef]Qmf ;+/If0f P]g, @)%$ ;Dg' k5{ .

    -v_ dGqfno eGgfn] g]kfn ;/sf/, cfk"lt{ dGqfno ;Dg' k5{ .

    -u_ sfof{no eGgfn] g]kfn ;/sf/, cfk"lt{ dGqfno lg/LIf0f clws[tsf] sfof{no

    ;Dg' k5{ .

    -3_ ph'/L eGgfn] b]xfosf s'g} ljifosf ;DaGwdf ph'/jfnfn] lnlvt kdf

    u/]sf] bfjL ;Dg' k5{ M

    -!_ cg'lrt Jofkfl/s lqmofsnfk;Fu ;DalGwt s'g} sfd sf/afxLdf s'g}

    Jofkf/L ;+nUg /x]sf] .

    -@_ ph'/jfnfn] vl/b u/]sf] jf vl/b ug{ d~h'/ u/]sf] s'g} pkef]Uo j:t'

    sd;n ePsf] .

    -#_ ph'/jfnfn] k|fKt u/]sf] jf k|fKt ug{ d~h'/ u/]sf] ;]jfdf s'g} lsl;dsf]

    q'6L jf sdL /x]sf] .

    -$_ lgwf{l/t d"No eGbf a9L d"No lnO{ pkef]Uo j:t' jf ;]jf laqmL ljt/0f jf

    k|bfg u/]sf] jf ug]{ lgot /fv]sf] .

    -%_ pkef]Qmfsf] hLp, Hofg, ;DklQdf vt/f jf hf]lvd k'Ug] jf k'Ug ;Sg]

    lsl;dsf pkef]Uo j:t' laqmL ljt/0f u/]sf] jf ug]{ lgot /fv]sf] .

    -^_ P]g, o; lgodfjnLdf jf cGo k|rlnt sfg"gsf] ljkl/t pkef]Qmfsf] xs

    lxtdf k|lts"n c;/ kg]{ lsl;dsf] s'g} sfd sf/afxLdf s'g} JolQm jf

    ;+:yfsf] ;+nUgtf /x]sf] .

    -_ ph'/jfnf eGgfn] ph'/L ug]{ b]xfosf s'g} JolQm jf ;+:yf ;Dg' k5{ M

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    2 www.lawcommission.gov.np

    -!_ pkef]Qmf,

    -@_ pkef]Qmf ;+:yf,

    -#_ g]kfn ;/sf/ jf g]kfn ;/sf/sf] k"0f{ jf cf+lzs :jfldTj ePsf] s'g} ;+:yf

    .

    -$_ Ps} k|s[ltsf ;fd"lxs lxt;Fu ;DalGwt Ps jf Ps eGbf a9L pkef]Qmf .

    -r_ ;DalGwt JolQm eGgfn] pkef]Uo j:t' pTkfbg ug]{, laqmL ljt/0f ug]{, cfoft

    ug]{ JolQm ;Dg' k5{ / ;f] zAbn] To:tf JolQmxsf] clws[t k|ltlglwnfO{

    ;d]t hgfpF5 .

    #= l/Qm kbsf] kbk"lt{ M kbfjlw k"/f gx'Fb} kl/ifb\sf s'g} dgf]lgt ;b:osf] kb s'g}

    sf/0faf6 l/Qm x'g cfPdf afFsL cjlwsf] nflu ;f] kb h'g k|s[ofaf6 klxn] k"lt{

    ul/Psf] xf] ;f]xL k|lqmofaf6 k"lt{ ul/g]5 .

    $= g]kfn ;/sf/n] ;b:osf] kbaf6 x6fpg ;Sg] M kl/ifb\sf s'g} ;b:on] kl/ifb\sf]

    p2]Zo / lxt cg's"n sfd ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g eGg] s'/fdf g]kfn ;/sf/ ljZj:t ePdf

    g]kfn ;/sf/n] To:tf] ;b:onfO{ h'g;'s} avt ;b:osf] kbaf6 x6fpg ;Sg]5 .

    t/ o;/L kbaf6 x6fpg' cl3 ;DalGwt ;b:onfO{ ;kmfO{ k]z ug]{ df}sf lbOg]5

    .

    %= ;b:on] k|fKt ug]{ eQf tyf ;'ljwfx M kl/ifb\sf] sfdsf] l;nl;nfdf s'g} ;b:on]

    g]kfn .. leq jf aflx/ / e|d0f ug'{ k/]df o:tf] ;b:on] k|fKt ug]{ e|d0f eQf

    tyf ;'ljwfx kl/ifb\n] lgwf{/0f ul/lbP adf]lhd x'g]5 .

    ^= pkef]Qmf lzIff af/] kf7\oqmddf ;dfj]z u/fpg] M -!_ pkef]QmfnfO{ pkef]Uo j:t'

    jf ;]jfsf] ;DaGwdf ;"lrt u/fpgsf] nflu s] s:tf] pkef]Uo j:t' jf ;]jf pkef]u ug{

    x'g] / u'0f:t/ gePsf pkef]Uo j:t' jf ;]jf k|of]u ubf{ ;f] af6 kg{ ;Sg] k|efj

    cflbsf ;DaGwdf hfgsf/L u/fpgsf] nflu kl/ifb\n] pkef]Qmf lzIff ;DaGwL cfjZos

    z}lIfs kf7\oqmd tof/ ug]{5 .

    -@_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhd tof/ ul/Psf] kf7\oqmd dGqfnon] lzIff dGqfno;Fu

    ;dGjo sfod u/L ljleGg txsf ljBfno tyf ljZj ljBfnosf] kf7\oqmddf ;dfj]z

    u/fpg cfjZos Joj:yf ug]{5 .

    &= uf]i7L, ;]ldgf/, cflbaf6 ;'emfj ;+sng ug]{ M pkef]Qmfsf] xs lxt ;+/If0f, cfk"lt{

    Joj:yf / pkef]Uo j:t' jf ;]jfsf] d"No, u'0f:t/ ;DaGwL ljifodf gLlt lgdf{0f ug]{

    ;DaGwdf g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ ;'fj lbg' cl3 kl/ifb\n] ljleGg pkef]Qmf ;+:yfxnfO{

    klxnf] ;+zf]wgf/f lemlsPsf] .

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    3 www.lawcommission.gov.np

    pkef]Qmfsf] xs lxt ;DaGwL ljifos uf]i7L, ;]ldgf/xdf ;xefuL u/fO{ ;'fj

    ;+sng ug]{5 .

    *= pkef]Qmf lzIff af/] hgr]tgf hufpg] M kl/ifb\n] pkef]Qmfsf] xs lxt ;+/If0f ug{

    tyf pkef]Qmfsf clwsf/sf ;DaGwdf pkef]QmfnfO{ hfu?s ug{ g]kfn ;/sf/

    ;DalGwt lgsfo / pkef]Qmf ;+:yfgx;Fu ;dGjo sfod u/L Jofks kdf k|rf/

    k|;f/ u/L pkef]Qmf lzIff af/] hgr]tgf hufpg]5 .

    (= u'0f:t/ ;DaGwL gLlt lgwf{/0f M dGqfnon] pkef]Uo j:t'sf] u'0f:t/ ;DaGwL gLlt

    lgwf{/0f ubf{ To:tf] pkef]Uo j:t' pTkfbg ePsf] d'n's, u'0f:t/ lgwf{/0f ;DaGwL

    /fli6o tyf cGt/f{li6o ;+:yf / l5d]sL d'n'sn] ;f] pkef]Uo j:t'sf ;DaGwdf sfod

    u/]sf] u'0f:t/nfO{ cfwf/ dfgL u'0f:t/ ;DaGwL gLlt lgwf{/0f ug]{5 .

    !)= d"No lgwf{/0f ;DaGwL gLlt lgdf{0f M -!_ dGqfnon] s'g} pkef]Uo j:t'sf] d"No

    lgwf{/0f ;DaGwL gLlt lgdf{0f ubf{ To:tf] pkef]Uo j:t'sf] pTkfbg nfut, 9'jfgL vr{,

    cfoftstf{n] k|rlnt sfg'g adf]lhd a'fPsf] s/, b:t"/ / pkef]Uo j:t' laqmL ubf{

    laqm]tfn] lng kfpg] d'gfkmf /sd ;d]tnfO{ cfwf/ dfgL pkef]Uo j:t'sf] d"No lgwf{/0f

    ;DaGwL gLlt lgdf{0f ug]{5 . o;/L dGqfnon] pkef]Uo j:t'sf] d"No lgwf{/0f ;DaGwL

    gLlt lgdf{0f ubf{ g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3 / g]kfn r]Da/ ckm sdz{sf] k/fdz{

    lng ;Sg]5 .

    -@_ dGqfnon] s'g} ;]jfsf] d"No lgwf{/0f ;DaGwL gLlt lgdf{0f ubf{ To:tf] ;]jf

    k|bfg ug]{ JolQmsf] xs lxt ;+/If0f / cfr/0f tyf sfd sf/afxL Jojl:yt ug]{

    ;DaGwdf k|rlnt sfg'g adf]lhd dfGotf k|fKt s'g} lgsfo jf clwsf/L eP To:tf

    lgsfo jf clwsf/Lsf] k/fdz{ lnO{ / To:tf lgsfo jf clwsf/L geP, lghn] k|bfg

    u/]sf] ;]jfsf] cf}lrTotfnfO{ b[li6ut u/L ;]jfsf] d"No lgwf{/0f ;DaGwL gLlt lgdf{0f

    ug]{5 .

    -#_ pklgod -@_ adf]lhd dGqfnon] d"No lgwf{/0f ;DaGwL gLlt lgdf{0f ubf{

    To:tf] ;]jf k|bfg u/] afkt lng kfpg] d"No ef}uf]lns If]q tyf 7fpF ljz]ifsf] cfwf/df

    km/s x'g] u/L lgdf{0f ug{ ;Sg]5 .

    !!= laqmL ljt/0f k|0ffnL lgoldt ug]{ M pkef]Qmf xs lxt ;+/If0f / cfk"lt{ Joj:yfnfO{

    lgoldt ug{sf] nflu dGqfnon] s'g} pkef]Uo j:t'sf] s[lqd cefj x'g glbg jf ;a}

    7fpFdf lgoldt kdf pkef]Uo j:t' ljt/0f ug{ ;DalGwt lgsfox;Fu ;dGjo u/L

    pkef]Uo j:t'sf] laqmL ljt/0f k|0ffnLnfO{ lgoldt ug]{ Joj:yf ug]{5 .

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    !@= cTofjZos j:t' ;'ky d"Nodf pknAw u/fpg] M pkef]Qmfsf] xs lxt ;+/If0f ug]{

    ;DaGwdf ;j{;fwf/0fsf] nflu cTofjZos dflgPsf pkef]Uo j:t'df d"No a[l4 ePsf]

    sf/0fn] pkef]QmfnfO{ ;f] pkef]Uo j:t' pkof]u ug{ sl7gfO{ k/]sf] 5 eGg] nfu]df

    dGqfnon] To:tf pkef]Uo j:t'x ls6fg u/L g]kfn ;/sf/n] ;'ky d"Nodf pkef]Uo

    j:t' laqmL ljt/0f ug]{ Joj:yf ug{ ;Sg]5 .

    !#= ;'ky d"Nosf k;nx vf]Ng] Joj:yf ug]{ M dGqfnon] pkef]Qmfsf] xs lxt ;+/If0f

    ug{sf] nflu g]kfn =======.. sf ljleGg 7fpFdf cfjZostf cg';f/ ;'ky

    d"Nodf k;nx vf]Ng cfjZos Joj:yf ug]{5 .

    !$= d""No ;"rL /fVg] ;DaGwdf M ljqm]tfn] pkef]Uo j:t' laqmL ubf{ k|To]s pkef]Uo j:t'sf]

    yf]s / v'b|f d"No :ki6 b]lvg] u/L cg';"rL ! adf]lhdsf] 9fFrfdf d"No ;"rL /fVg' kg]{5

    .

    !%= pkef]Uo j:t'sf] n]andf v'nfpg' kg]{ cGo s'/fx M -!_ pTkfbsn] P]gsf] bkmf (

    adf]lhd pkef]Uo j:t'sf] n]andf v'nfpg' kg]{ cGo s'/fx b]xfo adf]lhd x'g]5g\ M

    -s_ s'g} pkef]Uo j:t' s'g} lglZrt ;do eGbf cl3 k|of]u u/]df a9L

    /fd|f] x'g] eP ;f] s'/f .

    -v_ pkef]Uo j:t'df nfUg] ;a} s/ ;dfj]z u/L x'g cfpg] clwstd

    v'b|f laqmL d"No .

    -u_ s'g} pkef]Uo j:t' k|of]u ug'{ k"j{ s'g} k|lqmof k"/f ug'{ kg]{ eP ;f]

    k|lqmof / ;f] k|lqmof gk'ofO{ ;f] k|of]u ubf{ x'g] xfgL ;d]t 7"nf]

    cIf/df n]Vg] .

    -3_ :jf:YonfO{ xfgL k'ofpg] vfnsf kbfy{xsf] n]andf clgjfo{

    kdf o;sf] ;]jg :jf:Yosf] nflu xfgLsf/s 5 eGg] r]tfjgL

    pNn]v ug'{ kg]{5 .

    -@_ P]gsf] bkmf ( / pklgod -!_ adf]lhd n]andf n]Vg' kg]{ s'/f gn]lvPsf]

    pkef]Uo j:t' s;}n] cfoft u/]df To:tf j:t' cfoft ug]{ JolQmn] g} To:tf s'/fx

    pkef]Uo j:t'sf] n]andf pNn]v u/L laqmL ljt/0f ug'{ kg]{5 .

    klxnf] ;+zf]wgf/f lemlsPsf] .

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    5 www.lawcommission.gov.np

    !^= pkef]Uo j:t' jf ;]jfsf ;DaGwdf ug{ gx'g] cGo sfd M s;}n] klg s'g} pkef]Uo

    j:t' jf ;]jfsf] ;DaGwdf P]gsf] bkmf !) df n]lvPsf] sfdsf] cltl/Qm b]xfosf s'g}

    sfd ug{ u/fpg x'Fb}g M

    -s_ Ps} k|s[ltsf ljleGg Jofkf/L jf Jofkfl/s ;d"xx ldnL s'g} pkef]Uo j:t'sf]

    cefj l;h{gf u/L d"No tyf cfk"lt{ Joj:yfdf k|efj kfg{ .

    -v_ Ps jf Ps eGbf a9L Jofkf/Lx jf Jofkfl/s ;d"xx ldnL k|lt:kwf{nfO{

    s'l07t t'NofO{ ;+o'Qm kdf d""""""No lgwf{/0f ug]{ .

    -u_ s'g} ;]jf k|bfg ug]{ Ps eGbf a9L Jofkf/Lx jf ;d"xxn] cfk;L ;Df}tfsf

    cfwf/df l;08Ls]6 k|0ffnL ckgfO{ ;]jf ;+rfng ug{ .

    -3_ Pp6f pkef]Uo j:t' vl/b ubf{ csf]{ pkef]Uo j:t' klg clgjfo{ kdf vl/b

    ug'{ kg]{ u/L ldl>t laqmLsf] Joj:yf ug{ .

    !&= sfof{nosf] :yfkgf M g]kfn ;/sf/n] ahf/ tyf cfk"lt{ Joj:yfnfO{ k|efjsf/L agfO{

    pkef]Qmfsf] xs lxt ;+/If0f ug{sf] nflu cfjZostf cg';f/ lhNnfsf] ;b/d'sfddf

    sfof{nosf] :yfkgf ug]{5 . o;/L :yfkgf x'g] sfof{nosf] ;+u7gfTds :jk, sfo{If]q /

    sfd, st{Jo tyf clwsf/ g]kfn ;/sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf ;"rgf k|sfzg u/L tf]lslbP

    adf]lhd x'g]5 .

    !*= lg/LIf0f clws[tsf] lgo'lQm M -!_ lgod !& adf]lhd :yfkgf ePsf] sfof{nosf] k|d'v

    eO{ sfd ug{sf] nflu g]kfn ;/sf/n] k|rlnt sfg'g adf]lhd k|To]s sfof{nodf Ps

    Ps hgf lg/LIf0f clws[t lgo'Qm ug]{5 .

    -@_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhd lg/LIf0f clws[tsf] lgo'lQm x'g g;s]sf] cj:yfdf

    g]kfn ;/sf/n] pkef]Qmfsf] lxt ;+/If0fdf sfo{/t /x]sf g]kfn ;/sf/sf cGo s'g}

    clws[tnfO{ lg/LIf0f clws[tsf] kdf sfd ug{sf] nflu tf]Sg ;Sg]5 . o;/L lg/LIf0f

    clws[t tf]lsPsf] ;"rgf g]kfn /fhkqdf k|sfzg ug'{ kg]{5 .

    !(= lg/LIf0f clws[tdf lgo'lQm x'gsf] nflu of]Uotf M lg/LIf0f clws[tsf] kbdf lgo'lQm

    x'g] JolQmsf] of]Uotf b]xfo adf]lhdsf] x'g' kg]{5 M

    -s_ /zfogzf:qdf :gfts pQL{0f u/

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