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Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

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Page 1: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

1

Page 2: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

2

Spa

ce, t

he fi

nal f

ront

ier

Spa

ce, t

he fi

nal f

ront

ier

http

://w

ww

.mar

shom

e.or

g/im

ages

2/di

spla

yim

age.

php?

pos=

-104

8

Page 3: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

3

Pas

t Exp

lora

tion

Mis

sion

sP

ast E

xplo

ratio

n M

issi

ons

Map

of P

acifi

cN

orth

wes

t

The

Gjo

a-E

dmun

dson

’s s

hip

for

the

Nor

thw

est P

assa

ge v

oyag

e

Hen

ry H

udso

n

The

Vin

cenn

e, W

ilkes

’ shi

p fo

r dis

cove

ry o

f Ant

arct

ica

Che

ng H

o’s

voya

ges

Cel

ebra

tion

of

Col

umbu

s’ jo

urne

y

Page 4: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

4

How

Do

Exp

lore

rs T

rave

l?H

ow D

o E

xplo

rers

Tra

vel?

Shi

p

Hor

seba

ck

Can

oe

Foot

Luna

r rov

er

Spa

ce s

huttl

e

Are

s an

d O

rion

Cov

ered

wag

on

Sat

urn

V

Page 5: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

5

Whe

els

in th

e pa

st, w

heel

s in

the

Whe

els

in th

e pa

st, w

heel

s in

the

futu

refu

ture

©Jo

hn C

hiar

ello

Page 6: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

6

Cur

rent

Ear

th E

xplo

ratio

n M

issi

ons

Cur

rent

Ear

th E

xplo

ratio

n M

issi

ons

Rai

nfor

est

Rai

nfor

est

Sci

entif

ic d

isco

very

Sci

entif

ic d

isco

very

Pol

ar e

xplo

ratio

nP

olar

exp

lora

tion

Ant

arct

ica

Ant

arct

ica

Dee

p se

a ex

plor

atio

nD

eep

sea

expl

orat

ion

Und

erse

a ha

bita

tsU

nder

sea

habi

tats

Ear

th’s

cru

stE

arth

’s c

rust

Ext

rem

e E

xtre

me

envi

ronm

ents

envi

ronm

ents

Cel

lula

r stu

dies

Cel

lula

r stu

dies

Page 7: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

7

Wha

t Cha

lleng

es F

acin

g E

xplo

rers

Are

W

hat C

halle

nges

Fac

ing

Exp

lore

rs A

re

the

Sam

e?th

e S

ame?

Bas

ic n

eeds

:B

asic

nee

ds:

•• Foo

dFo

od•• W

ater

Wat

er•• A

irA

ir•• S

helte

rS

helte

r

Tran

spor

tatio

n:Tr

ansp

orta

tion:

How

do

we

get t

here

?H

ow d

o w

e ge

t the

re?Th

e un

know

n:Th

e un

know

n:W

hat w

ill b

e th

ere

whe

n w

e ge

t the

re?

Wha

t will

be

ther

e w

hen

we

get t

here

?

Wha

t will

it b

e lik

e?W

hat w

ill it

be

like? I am

goi

ng to

mis

s m

y fri

ends

I am

goi

ng to

mis

s m

y fri

ends

Page 8: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

8

Page 9: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

9

Exp

lora

tion

Tim

elin

eE

xplo

ratio

n Ti

mel

ine

nosc

rub

Spi

ral 4

Tran

spor

tatio

n Sy

stem

to

Low

Ear

th O

rbit

4-6

crew

to lu

nar s

urfa

ce

for e

xten

ded-

dura

tion

stay

Hum

an e

xplo

ratio

n to

Mar

s vi

cini

ty

Long

dur

atio

n hu

man

lu

nar e

xplo

ratio

n

Hum

an e

xplo

ratio

n of

Mar

s su

rfac

e

2030

+

2025

+

2008

–20

14

2020

–T

BD

2015

–20

20

Page 10: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

10

NA

SA

’s E

xplo

ratio

n R

oadm

apN

AS

A’s

Exp

lora

tion

Roa

dmap

0506

0708

0910

1112

1314

1516

1718

1920

2122

2324

25

Luna

r Lan

der D

evel

opm

ent

Luna

r Lan

der D

evel

opm

ent

Luna

r Hea

vy L

aunc

h D

evel

opm

ent

Luna

r Hea

vy L

aunc

h D

evel

opm

ent

Eart

h D

epar

ture

Sta

ge D

evel

opm

ent

Eart

h D

epar

ture

Sta

ge D

evel

opm

ent

Surf

ace

Syst

ems

Dev

elop

men

tSu

rfac

e Sy

stem

s D

evel

opm

ent

Orio

n D

evel

opm

ent

Orio

n D

evel

opm

ent

Are

s D

evel

opm

ent

Are

s D

evel

opm

ent

Com

mer

cial

Cre

w/C

argo

for I

SSC

omm

erci

al C

rew

/Car

go fo

r ISS

Com

mer

cial

Cre

w/C

argo

for I

SS

Spac

e Sh

uttle

Ops

Luna

r Out

post

Bui

ldup

Initi

al Or

ion

Capa

bilit

y

Orio

n Pr

oduc

tion

and

Ope

ratio

ns

O

rion

Prod

uctio

n an

d O

pera

tions

Luna

r Rob

otic

Mis

sion

s

Scie

nce

Rob

otic

Mis

sion

s

Mar

s Ex

pedi

tion

Des

ign

1st H

uman

O

rion

Flig

ht

7th

Hum

an

Luna

r La

ndin

g

Early

Des

ign

Act

ivity

Page 11: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

1111

Nex

t Ste

p in

Ful

fillin

g O

ur D

estin

y A

s Ex

plor

ers

Nex

t Ste

p in

Ful

fillin

g O

ur D

estin

y A

s Ex

plor

ers

The

Moo

n Th

e M

oon

––th

e Fi

rst S

tep

to M

ars

and

Bey

ond…

.th

e Fi

rst S

tep

to M

ars

and

Bey

ond…

.•

Gai

ning

sig

nific

ant e

xper

ienc

e in

ope

ratin

g aw

ay

from

Ear

th’s

env

ironm

ent

–Sp

ace

will

no

long

er b

e a

dest

inat

ion

visi

ted

brie

fly a

nd te

ntat

ivel

y–

“Liv

ing

off t

he la

nd”

–H

uman

sup

port

sys

tem

s

•D

evel

opin

g te

chno

logi

es n

eede

d fo

r ope

ning

the

spac

e fro

ntie

r–

Cre

w a

nd c

argo

laun

ch v

ehic

les

(125

met

ricto

n cl

ass)

–Ea

rth

asce

nt/e

ntry

sys

tem

–C

rew

Expl

orat

ion

Vehi

cle

•C

ondu

ct fu

ndam

enta

l sci

ence

–A

stro

nom

y, p

hysi

cs, a

stro

biol

ogy,

hist

oric

al g

eolo

gy, e

xobi

olog

y

Page 12: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

1212

Hig

h P

riorit

y Lu

nar E

xplo

ratio

n H

igh

Prio

rity

Luna

r Exp

lora

tion

Site

sS

ites

+Aris

tarc

hus

Plat

eau

Aris

tarc

hus

Plat

eau

+

+O

cean

usPr

ocel

laru

mO

cean

usPr

ocel

laru

m

Mar

e Tr

anqu

illita

tisM

are

Tran

quill

itatis

+Rim

aB

ode

Rim

aB

ode

+O

rient

ale

Bas

inFl

oor

Orie

ntal

e B

asin

Floo

r

+M

are

Smyt

hii

Mar

e Sm

ythi

i

+C

entr

al F

arsi

deH

ighl

ands

Cen

tral

Far

side

Hig

hlan

ds

+So

uth

Pole

-Aitk

enB

asin

Floo

rSo

uth

Pole

-Aitk

enB

asin

Floo

r

Sout

h Po

le+

Nor

th P

ole

+

Nea

r Sid

eFa

r Sid

e

1112

14

1517

16

56

31

7

24

21

20

17

16

13

9

3

Luna

Luna

Surv

eyor

Surv

eyor

Apo

lloA

pollo

Page 13: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

13

Moo

n M

aps

Moo

n M

aps

Page 14: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

1414

Hea

vy L

iftLa

unch

Ve

hicl

e

Cre

w L

aunc

h Ve

hicl

e

Eart

h D

epar

ture

Sta

ge

Orio

n -C

rew

Ex

plor

atio

n Ve

hicl

e

Luna

rLa

nder

Com

pone

nts

of P

rogr

am C

onst

ella

tion

Com

pone

nts

of P

rogr

am C

onst

ella

tion

Page 15: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

15

Fron

tier L

ife In

His

tory

Fron

tier L

ife In

His

tory

Cha

lleng

ing

phys

ical

ly,

emot

iona

lly, a

nd s

ocia

lly

Fron

tier w

as th

e gr

eat u

nkno

wn!

In o

rder

to s

urvi

ve, o

ne n

eede

d fo

od, w

ater

, and

she

lter

Had

to b

ring

ever

ythi

ng th

ey m

ight

ne

ed w

ith th

emW

ithou

t firs

t exp

lore

rs, d

isco

very

w

ould

hav

e be

en im

poss

ible

Exp

lore

rs in

his

tory

wer

e im

porta

nt

to th

e ex

pans

ion

of th

e hu

man

race

Page 16: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

16

Fron

tier L

ife O

n Th

e M

oon

Fron

tier L

ife O

n Th

e M

oon

Cha

lleng

ing

phys

ical

ly,

emot

iona

lly a

nd s

ocia

lly

The

luna

r fro

ntie

r is

the

grea

t un

know

n!

In o

rder

to s

urvi

ve, s

pace

ex

plor

ers

will

nee

d fo

od, w

ater

, sh

elte

r, an

d ai

r

Our

luna

r exp

lore

rs w

ill n

eed

to

brin

g ev

eryt

hing

they

’ll n

eed

with

th

emTh

e ex

plor

ers

will

set

up

habi

tat

mis

sion

s, s

cien

ce m

issi

ons,

&

com

mer

cial

ven

ture

sFu

ture

gen

erat

ions

will

use

the

know

ledg

e ga

ined

from

thes

e in

itial

m

issi

on to

jour

ney

thro

ugh

out t

he

gala

xy

Page 17: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

17

His

tory

of S

pace

Life

Sci

ence

His

tory

of S

pace

Life

Sci

ence

Mer

cury

M

ercu

ry

Pro

ject

Pro

ject

Gem

ini P

roje

ctG

emin

i Pro

ject

Page 18: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

18

Apo

llo S

pace

Life

Sci

ence

Apo

llo S

pace

Life

Sci

ence

•C

ardi

ovas

cula

r eva

luat

ions

•V

estib

ular

ass

essm

ent

•Li

ght f

lash

inve

stig

atio

ns•

Rad

iatio

n sh

ield

ing

and

effe

cts

•C

linic

al b

ioch

emis

try•

Effe

cts

of c

osm

ic ra

ys•

End

ocrin

olog

y, e

lect

roly

te a

nd

fluid

vol

ume

asse

ssm

ent

•E

xerc

ise

resp

onse

•H

emat

olog

y an

d im

mun

olog

y st

udie

s•

Met

abol

ism

and

hea

t dis

pers

ion

durin

g E

VA

•M

icro

bial

resp

onse

s•

Nut

ritio

nal s

tudi

es•

Ske

leta

l res

pons

e

Page 19: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

19

Sky

lab

Spa

ce L

ife S

cien

ceS

kyla

b S

pace

Life

Sci

ence

••M

uscu

lar D

eM

uscu

lar D

e --co

nditi

onin

g an

d co

nditi

onin

g an

d its

Pre

vent

ion

its P

reve

ntio

n••

Rad

iolo

gica

l Pro

tect

ion

and

Rad

iolo

gica

l Pro

tect

ion

and

Med

ical

M

edic

al D

osim

etry

Dos

imet

ry••

Mic

robi

olog

y S

tudi

es

Mic

robi

olog

y S

tudi

es

••Im

mun

ity In

Imm

unity

In-- v

itro

vitro

••P

ulm

onar

y Fu

nctio

n an

d P

ulm

onar

y Fu

nctio

n an

d E

valu

atio

nE

valu

atio

n••

Bon

e M

iner

al M

easu

rem

ent

Bon

e M

iner

al M

easu

rem

ent

••Th

e E

ffect

s of

Pro

long

ed

The

Effe

cts

of P

rolo

nged

E

xpos

ure

to W

eigh

tless

ness

E

xpos

ure

to W

eigh

tless

ness

on

Pos

tura

l Equ

ilibr

ium

on

Pos

tura

l Equ

ilibr

ium

••

Bio

Bio

-- Ass

ay o

f Bod

y Fl

uids

A

ssay

of B

ody

Flui

ds

••S

peci

al H

emat

olog

ical

Effe

cts

Spe

cial

Hem

atol

ogic

al E

ffect

s ••

Sle

ep M

onito

ring

Sle

ep M

onito

ring

••H

uman

Ves

tibul

ar F

unct

ion

Hum

an V

estib

ular

Fun

ctio

n

Page 20: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

20

Car

diov

ascu

lar

Psy

chos

ocia

l

Stre

ssor

sS

tress

ors

Bon

e

Cen

tral n

ervo

us s

yste

m

Sen

sory

per

cept

ion

Mus

cle

Sle

ep

Nut

ritio

n

Page 21: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

21

Stre

ssor

sS

tress

ors

Gra

vity

Gra

vity

Isol

atio

nIs

olat

ion

••G

ravi

ty e

ffect

s on

the

Bod

y G

ravi

ty e

ffect

s on

the

Bod

y -- A

dapt

atio

n (b

one

and

Ada

ptat

ion

(bon

e an

d m

uscl

e lo

ss, a

ltera

tions

to

mus

cle

loss

, alte

ratio

ns to

th

e im

mun

e sy

stem

, th

e im

mun

e sy

stem

, ch

ange

s in

car

diac

func

tion)

chan

ges

in c

ardi

ac fu

nctio

n)••

Isol

atio

n ef

fect

s on

Is

olat

ion

effe

cts

on

inte

rper

sona

l beh

avio

r, in

terp

erso

nal b

ehav

ior,

chan

ges

in th

e im

mun

e ch

ange

s in

the

imm

une

syst

emsy

stem

••R

adia

tion

effe

cts

on h

uman

R

adia

tion

effe

cts

on h

uman

sy

stem

s (im

mun

e, e

yes)

, sy

stem

s (im

mun

e, e

yes)

, ef

fect

s on

food

and

ef

fect

s on

food

and

m

edic

atio

ns, e

ffect

s on

m

edic

atio

ns, e

ffect

s on

in

stru

men

tsin

stru

men

ts••

Ligh

t/Dar

k cy

cle

impa

cts

on

Ligh

t/Dar

k cy

cle

impa

cts

on

circ

adia

n rh

ythm

, cha

nge

in

circ

adia

n rh

ythm

, cha

nge

in

slee

p ha

bits

ove

rall

slee

p ha

bits

ove

rall

perfo

rman

cepe

rform

ance

Rad

iatio

nR

adia

tion

Ligh

t/dar

k tra

nsiti

ons

Ligh

t/dar

k tra

nsiti

ons

Page 22: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

22

Spa

ce &

the

Hum

an B

ody

Spa

ce &

the

Hum

an B

ody

•A

troph

y of

mus

cles

•Lo

ss o

f bon

e m

ass

•C

hang

es in

blo

od v

olum

e an

d ca

rdio

vasc

ular

sys

tem

•Is

sues

with

food

and

nut

ritio

n•

Cha

nges

in th

e im

mun

e sy

stem

•C

hang

es in

bal

ance

, han

d-ey

e co

ordi

natio

n•

Exp

osur

e to

radi

atio

n

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23

Hum

an F

acto

rsH

uman

Fac

tors

-- Beh

avio

r and

B

ehav

ior a

nd

Per

form

ance

Per

form

ance

•Is

olat

ion

from

fam

ily•

Sle

ep &

wor

kloa

d•

Soc

ial i

nter

actio

n•

Psy

chol

ogic

al w

ell-

bein

g•

Priv

acy

and

pers

onal

sp

ace

•R

ecre

atio

nal

activ

ities

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24

Env

ironm

enta

l Fac

tors

Effe

ctin

g E

nviro

nmen

tal F

acto

rs E

ffect

ing

Hum

ans

in S

pace

Hum

ans

in S

pace

•C

lean

wat

er•

Nut

ritio

us fo

od•

Bre

atha

ble

air

•A

ccep

tabl

e no

ise

and

vibr

atio

n lim

its•

Exp

osur

e to

ra

diat

ion

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25

Med

icin

e an

d H

uman

M

edic

ine

and

Hum

an

Hea

lth in

Spa

ceH

ealth

in S

pace

•M

edic

al s

uppo

rt•

Hea

lth

asse

ssm

ents

•E

xerc

ise

•P

erso

nal h

ygie

ne•

Sta

bilit

y of

ph

arm

aceu

tical

s

Page 26: Space, the final frontier...10 NASA’s Exploration Roadmap 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lunar Lander Development Lunar Lander Development Lunar Heavy

26

As

I sta

nd o

ut h

ere

in th

e w

onde

rs o

f the

unk

now

n at

Had

ley,

I so

rt o

f re

aliz

e th

ere'

s a

fund

amen

tal t

ruth

to o

ur n

atur

e, M

an m

ust e

xplo

re .

. .

and

this

is e

xplo

ratio

n at

its

grea

test

.

~Dav

e Sc

ott,

Com

man

der A

pollo

15,

upo

n be

com

ing

the

7th

man

to

wal

k on

the

Moo

n, 3

1 Ju

ly 1

971.