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The Civil War 1861- 1865 www.Buschistory.net Topic 12

The Civil War 1861-1865

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The Civil War 1861-1865. www.Buschistory.net Topic 12. Key Background Events. 1 - 3/5 Compromise - 1787 2 - Missouri Comp - 1820 3 - Mexican Cession - 1848, 4 - Compromise of 1850 5 - Fugitive Slave Act - 1851 6 - Uncle Tom - 1852 7 -Kansas-Nebraska - 1854 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of The Civil War 1861-1865

Civil War Presentation

The Civil War 1861-1865www.Buschistory.netTopic 12Key Background Events1 - 3/5 Compromise - 17872 - Missouri Comp - 18203 - Mexican Cession - 1848, 4 - Compromise of 1850 5 - Fugitive Slave Act - 1851 6 - Uncle Tom - 18527 -Kansas-Nebraska - 18548 Sectionalism over Parties9 - Republicans 1854

10 - Bleeding Kansas 185611 -John Brown 1856-185912 - Sumner Brooks 185613 - Lincoln-Douglas 185814 - Election of 186015 - Secession - Dec 1860 16 - Fort Sumter 4/12/186117 - Bull Run July 21, 1861

Major ThemesSectionalismStates RightsSlaveryDoes the South have the right to Secede?War of Northern Aggression or - The War for Southern IndependencePreservation of the Union

What would have happened had theDemocrats not split?

How did theycompare?

The Divided United States in 1861

On April 12, 1861, General P.G.T. Beauregard, opened fire on Fort Sumter.

Shells flew for 36 hours.

At 2:30pm on April 13 Major Robert Anderson surrendered the fort and evacuated the next day.

No one was killed during the battle.The Civil War Begins.Key Events Turning PointsBull Run Sunday April 21, 1861, first actual battle, stunning Union defeatMcClellan replaces General Irvin McDowellAntietam April 16-18, 1862. Actually a draw, but Lincoln claimed victory for the UnionThe victory at Antietam led Lincoln to write the Emancipation Proclamation issued on Jan. 1, 1863Vicksburg May 18-July 4, 1863. Divided the Confederacy Grant appointed to lead the Union Army. Gettysburg July 1-3 1863. 165,000 fought. Total Casualties=51,112

The only known Photograph of Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before usthat from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotionthat we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vainthat this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedomand that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.A Timeless speech..From Atlanta to the endShermans March November- December 21, 1864, General William T. Sherman led some 60,000 soldiers on a 285-mile march, 75 miles wide, from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia. He cut a Bloody Swath. Shermans war of Total Destruction.Appomattox Following a series of defeats and ultimately losing the Appomattox campaign to Grant , Lee surrendered on April 9, 1865 to Grant. The town was Appomattox Court House in Virginia at the home of Wilmer McClean at 1:00 PM

Lincoln Assassinated - Abraham Lincoln is shot 5 days later and died on the morning of April 15, 1865. He was 56 years old. A brief look at Gen. ShermanI have already received guns that can cast heavy and destructive shot as far as the heart of your city; also, I have for some days held and controlled every avenue by which the people and garrison of Savannah can be supplied, and I am therefore justified in demanding the surrender of the city of Savannah, and its dependent forts, and shall wait a reasonable time for your answer, before opening with heavy ordnance. Should you entertain the proposition, I am prepared to grant liberal terms to the inhabitants and garrison; but should I be forced to resort to assault, or the slower and surer process of starvation, I shall then feel justified in resorting to the harshest measures, and shall make little effort to restrain my armyburning to avenge the national wrong which they attach to Savannah and other large cities which have been so prominent in dragging our country into civil war.

William T. Sherman , Message to William J. Hardee, December 17, 1864, recorded in his memoirsShermans surrender message to Confederate General William Hardee before taking Savannah

By the NumbersHow many soldiers?North 2,128, 948South 1,082, 119

Twice as many Union soldiers as ConfederatesWar DeathsApproximately 620,000 combat, accident, starvation, and disease

War Deaths in US HistoryApprox. 1,264,000 American soldiers have died in the nation's warsFacts about SoldiersAverage AgeUnion 25.8Confederacy unknown, by wars end boys and old men joined the fight

Wages per MonthUnion White - $13.00 Union Black - $7.00

Confederacy - $11.00

The DraftConfederacy was first April 1862, owners of 20+ slaves were exempt

Union 1863, you could pay $350 for a substitute, often the Irish went. Riots in July 1863African American SoldiersNorth Approximately 190,000At first they served as Grave Diggers and Supply PersonnelAfter the Emancipation Proclamation 150,000-170,000 fought in the Army and NavySouth Approximately 90,000Primarily servants and manual labor3/4/1865 Gen. Order 14 called for raising Black combat regiments. No records indicate that it actually occurred.Why two names for each Battle?Union commanders typically named battles after the nearest river or creek. Confederates typically named battles after the nearest city or town.

Ex. Bull Run and Manassas are the same battleKey Government ActionsApril 27, 1861: Writ of Habeas Corpus SuspendedAugust 6, 1861: The First Confiscation Act1861: Soldier Pensions1861: The Legal Tender Act aka "Greenbacks1862: Pacific Railway Act1862: Homestead ActJan. 1, 1863 Emancipation Proclamation1863: Conscription Act1864: The Wade-Davis BillMarch 3, 1865: The Freedmens Bureau and Freedman's Bank13th Amendment - Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865And now what? Lincoln Assassinated - Abraham Lincoln is shot 5 days after Lees surrender and died on the morning of April 15, 1865. He was 56 years old. The conspiracy fueled North-South distrust and now Reconstruction was doomed.