- 1. Religion in Parenting: Effects of Parental Religion on the
Decision to Parent and Parenting Practices for Pre-School and
School Age ChildrenKatherine J. Partridge Regent University
2. Religion and ParentingOverview Literature Review Case Study
Importance Constructs Theoretical Framework Method Participants
Measures Procedures 3. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE 4. Case Study 5.
Importance As of 2008 it is estimated that over 75% of the United
States population reported a Christian affiliation (United States
Census Bureau, 2012) One study found 21% of parents would seek
parenting advice from clergy and this number increased for parents
who claim to be Christian and use corporal punishment (Taylor,
Moeller, Havmas, & Rice, 2013). Several calls have been made to
research the relationship between religion and the family (Mahoney
et al., 2001; Holden, 2001; Mahoney, 2010). 6. Constructs Religious
Variables Religion Spirituality (Zinnbauer & Pargament, 2005)
No distinction for this study (Pargament, 1999) Measurement Gorsuch
(1990) BAV Model Beliefs Attitudes Values Parenting Adaptive
Parenting Maladaptive Parenting Abusive Parenting 7. Theoretical
Framework Relational Spirituality Phases of family life Formation
Maintenance Transformation Methods of religious influence
Relationship with the divine Investment in spiritual properties
Relationship with spiritual communities 8. Formation Relationship
with the divine Investment in spiritual properties Relationship
with religious communities 9. Hypothesis 1a) The level of
religiousness related with the decision to parent a child will be
related to measured religious variables b) Religiousness related to
the decision to parent a child will be higher as the method of
becoming a parent is more involved. 10. Maintenance Relationship
with the divine Investment in spiritual properties Relationship
with religious communities 11. Transformation Relationship with the
divine Investment in spiritual properties Relationship with
religious communities 12. Hypothesis 21) Parental religiousness
along with their view of God in the parenting role will be
predictive of consistency, appropriateness, expectations,
monitoring, harshness, and positive techniques in parenting which
will be moderated by the level of conservatism. More specifically,
it is expected that a) high parental religiousness and view of God
in the parenting role will be predictive of more consistency,
appropriateness, and monitoring as conservatism increases. b) By
contrast, those who are high in religiousness and view of God in
the parenting role will decrease on monitoring, expectations, and
consistency as conservatism decreases, however, positive practices
will increase. 13. METHOD 14. Participants Target Population 250
parents of children ages 2-12 Recruitment Parent-Training Clinical
Trial Participants Outreach Events Compensation Gift Card Drawing
15. Measures Parental Religiousness Global Religious Behavior 5
global religious behaviors rated on a 5pt-likert scale Religious
Beliefs Christian Conservativism Scale (Hill & Hood, 1999) 7
items rated on a 5pt-likert scale Religious Attitudes Attitudes
Toward Christianity Scale (Francis, 1992) 7 items rated on a
5pt-likert scale Religious Values Sacred Qualities of Parenting
Scale (Mahoney et al., 1999) 10 items rated on a 7pt likert scale
Manifestation of God in Parenting Scale 14 items rated on a
7pt-likert scale 16. Measures Contd. Parenting Decision to become a
parent Age of each child Method of becoming a parent How much
religion influenced decision to parent each child rated on a
5pt-likert scale Parenting Practices Inventory (WebsterStratton,
Reid, & Hammond, 2001) 72 items rated on a 7pt-likert scale
Seven subscales (Harsh Discipline, Harsh for Age, Inconsistent
Discipline, Appropriate Discipline, Positive Parenting, Clear
Expectations, and Monitoring) 17. Procedure Religion and the
decision to parent a child Exploratory analysis Correlations
Religion and Parenting Practices Hierarchical Regression Step 1:
Demographic variables Step 2: Religious variables (Behaviors,
Conservativism, Attitudes) Step 3: Religious values variables
Outcome Variables Each of the 7 subscales will be used as the
outcome variable resulting in 7 different regression models 18.
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