Digital Literacy - 21st Century Workforce Development

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Dr. Niran Oyekale fiimaPresident / CEO, Commit Technology & Consult Limited+234(0)7031055234, (0)8183428803 commitechng@gmail.comDigital Fluency: Securing Today Empowering The Future

The Paradigm ShiftFrom

The Industrial Age


The Information Age


The Creativity AgeThese changes, among others, are ushering us toward a world where knowledge, power, and productive capability will be more dispersed than at any time in our history a worldwhere value creation will be fast, fluid, and persistently disruptive.The Implication

..Something Worth Pondering on?Think about the closing of one school year and begin the transformation into another, file away just one number: 65 percent..

..fully 65 percent of todays basic school pupils may end up doing work that hasnt been invented yet.

Source: Cathy N. Davidson, co-director of the annual MacArthur Foundation Digital Media and Learning CompetitionsThink back 50 years. could educators then have predicted how the Internet, which emerged globally in 1994, or the mobile phone, which appeared a few years later, would change the world?

Think a moment about this generation These technologies have not just become tools of learning, but networking and knowledge sharing, as well as innovation and entrepreneurship.

Think a moment further about this generation Think Again..A Fast Changing World..changing so fastThat the replication of more of the same knowledge and skills of the other days will not suffice to address the challenges of today, not to talk of the future

Imagine.A generation ago, teachers could expect that what they taught would last their students alifetime. Rapid economic and social changesdemand Nigeria to prepare the citizenry for jobs that are yet to be created, technologies that have not yet been invented and problems that we don't yet know will arise.Reality of Time Increasingly diverse customer base

Increasing complexity of business structures and organizations

Expanding mobile customers and increasing electronic communication

Increasing economic importance of digital commerce and digital contentResultant Changes in Business EnvironmentResultant Change to Process of Learning20th Century Classrooms21st Century ClassroomsTime-basedOutcome-basedFocus on memorization of discrete factsFocus on what students KNOW, CAN DO and ARE LIKE after all the details are forgottenLessons focus on lower level of Blooms Taxonomy knowledge, comprehension and applicationLearning is designed on upper levels of Blooms synthesis, analysis and evaluationTextbook-drivenResearch-drivenPassive learningActive learningLearners work in isolation classroom within 4 wallsLearners work collaboratively with classmates and others around the world the Global ClassroomTeacher-centered: teacher is center of attention and provider of informationStudent-centered: teacher is facilitator/coachLittle or no student freedomGreat deal of student freedomFragmented curriculumIntegrated and Interdisciplinary curriculumGrades averagedGrades are based on what was learnedResultant Change to Process of LearningLow expectationsHigh expectations If it isnt good, it isnt done We expect, and ensure, that all students succeed in learning at high levels. Some may go higher we get out of their way to let them do that.Teacher is judge. No one else sees student work.Self, Peer and Other assessments. Public audience, authentic assessments.Curriculum/School is irrelevant and meaningless to the students.Curriculum is connected to students interests, experiences, talents and the real world.Print is the primary vehicle of learning and assessment.Performances, projects and multiple forms of media are used for learning and assessment.Diversity in students is ignored.Curriculum and instruction address student diversity.Literacy is the 3 Rs reading, writing and mathMultiple literacies of the 21st century aligned to living and working in a globalized new millennium.The impact or response to these trends is either

For the most part - "technology focused" Precipitated or facilitated by technology or

Required of skills that are predominantly and significantly technology related. These trends don't seem to suggest a strong need to teach "technology for technology's sake, but technology for fluency"Understanding the TrendFluency Attained when an act is accomplished with no noticeable cognitive or mental effort.

Having a mastery of certain skills to the point of not requiring conscious attention.

Digital fluency An evolving aptitude that empowers the individual to effectively and ethically interpret information, discover meaning, design content, construct knowledge, and communicate ideas in a digitally connected world.

Digital fluency develops from digital literacy and requires that an individual be as comfortable using technology as they are reading the newspaper

Understanding the New Language Tremendous understanding of the past and current situations

Adaptability to the digital age

Imbibing new sets of global best practices

Re-tooling and re-skilling to global standards Success Determinants

IT capability to leverage technology for business differentiation

GAPNeed for Digital FluencySource: The 451 Group and The InfoPro - 201180% of all jobs and 98% of all college degrees requires capable and proficient use of computers and Internet

IT challenge: the need for expertise The number-one inhibitor cited by business and IT leaders is sourcing the right expertise when and how companies need to acquire it.

According to The InfoPro, when asked to name the number-one obstacle to adopting cloud services, ~60% of executives cited Lack of staff skills/shortage of expertise. They are reporting a competency gap; employees with relevant skills are difficult to come by. When you consider the rate of change in both business and technology that IT professionals must contend with in order to stay relevant, its no wonder this is the case.

According to these leaders, two factors comprise this issue: Sourcing Businesses typically go about acquiring IT expertise in three ways: 1) they hire it, 2) they outsource it, or 3) they acquire it through service providers or cloud services. The IT organization of the future will be much smaller and more nimble, focusing internal resources on deeper and broader business expertise while leveraging service providers who bring deep technology expertise. This represents a whole different mindset for people entering the workforce. Many new IT professionals will become consultants on contract rather than employees. Different expertise (next page)

15 The Great ExpectationsEmployers/Parents expect graduates to be:Creative and Job readyReady to thrive in the Digital Age Cope with the challenges of the 21st century

Think critically,

Solve problems

IT Capability GapData, transactions, and customer interactions are increasing exponentially2005Mankind created 150exabytes of digital data12010Created 8x more data12013Mobile appsdownload > 21B22014130M Enterprise usersin mobile cloud320202T devices connect tothe Internet4IT capability to leverage technology for business differentiation

GAPIT capability to leverage technology for business differentiation1.The data deluge: Businesses, governments and society are only starting to tap its vast potential, The Economist, Feb. 25, 2010. Insight: Application Stores; The Revenue Opportunity Beyond the Hype, Stephanie Baghdassarian, Carolina Milanesi; 16 December 2009.3. Juniper Research. Difference Engine: Chattering Objects, The Economist, Aug. 13, 2010. of this is driving a major shift in IT. In most organizations, IT is seen as an inhibitor to the rate of change and not as a catalyst. The biggest challenge CIOs face is the need to react much faster to business demands in order to use IT as a competitive differentiator. However, extensive HP research shows the typical IT department spends 70 percent of its budget on maintaining its existing infrastructure and only 30 percent on innovation to generate a competitive advantage for the business. As a result, CIOs are looking for new approaches that enable them to apply more resources toward proactively addressing their business needs. Through the use of cloud services, converged infrastructure, and strategic outsourcing, they can significantly reduce the time required to provision new servicesfrom months to hourswhile lowering the capital, deployment, and management costs to reallocate resources toward what truly differentiates. 17Widening Gap.. The Genesis?

Climbing the Tree from the Top Climbing the Tree Bottom-UpWrongRightThe Shortcomings


Low productivity


Inability to cope with the 21st Century challenges

Offices characterized by large volumes of files, file racks

Documents occupying a lot of spaces, some of which are obsolete and already turning yellow.

Retrieval of document usually difficult and an irrecoverable loss of important documents in case of fire incidence and other natural disasters

The LINKAGEResearches show that:

21st Century Skills = Innovative TP X Access to Technology

21st century skills can mean the difference between being successful in school or struggling every day, and having a career, or simply getting a job.

Nigeria needs a workforce that is skille