Carpentry Tools and Equipment

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  • 7/25/2019 Carpentry Tools and Equipment


    The Claw Hammer

    A hammer with one side of the head split and curved,used for extracting nails.

    The Tape Measure

    A tape measure or measuring tape is a flexible ruler. Itconsists of a ribbon of cloth, plastic, fiber glass, ormetal strip with linear-measurement markings. It is acommon measuring tool. Its design allows for ameasure of great length to be easily carried in pocketor toolkit and permits one to measure around curvesor corners.

    The Chalkline

    A chalk line or chalk box is a tool for marking long,straight lines on relatively flat surfaces, much farther

    than is practical by hand or with a straightedge.It is an important tool inconstructionandcarpentry,the working of timber in a rough and unplanned state,as it does not require the timber to have a straight orsquared edge formed onto it beforehand.

    The Utility Knife

    A good utility knife is another asset for thewoodworker. There are many different kinds, but thekind that uses disposable blades is the most common.The blade retracts into the grip for safety. Thewoodworker will use the utility knife when cleaning outmortise oints or scribing wood, as well as many otheruses.

    The Chisel

    A long-bladed hand tool with a beveled cutting edgeand a plain handle that is struck with a hammer ormallet, used to cut or shape wood, stone, metal, orother hard materials.

    The Level

    !very woodworker needs a couple of levels. "ouprobably won#t need one of the $-foot levels used inconstruction, but %&' is a good length for many of thewoodworking proects you#ll do. (sually, you#ll alsoneed an &' level too, usually known as a torpedolevel. "ou#ll check the level and plum of your

    construction. )evel is hori*ontal, and plumb is vertical.+ost quality levels are made of either brass-edgedwood or of metal. There will be a bubble reading forlevel, and another one for plumb. hen the bubble isexactly between the lines, you have a level or plumbsurface. "ou can also get string levels and laserlevels, but the woodworker will use these types oflevels the most often.

    The Screwdriver

    crewdrivers are another must-have in thewoodworker#s set of hand tools. ot only will youneed /hillips and slot, or flathead screwdrivers, you#llneed star drivers and Torx drivers, too. A qualityconstruction is vital to a good set of screwdrivers. o

    many of them are made out of soft metal, and the firsttime you put any 0umph' behind them, they strip out,becoming absolutely useless.
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    The Nail Set

    The next hand tool every woodworker should have isa nail set. In fact, you should have several si*es. Theylook like awls, and you use them to drive nail headsinto the wood so they are flush or right below thesurface. This allows you to fill the holes and preparefor staining or painting. The nail setter will usuallyhave either a convex or concave surface to grip thenail better and keep it from sliding off and marring thewood.

    The Sliding Bevel

    If you#re going to be measuring a bunch of angles,

    a sliding bevel, or T 1evel, will be a handy tool. This isadustable, and you can lock it at the angle you wantto mark, making it much more time-savvy to markmultiple angles.

    The Layut S!uare

    A layout square 2sometimes also referred to as acombination square3 is a triangular-shaped measuringtool designed for making square marks or angles onstock.

    The layout square has three maor functions. 4irst andmost often, it is used for making square marks on apiece of stock. econd, a layout square has markings

    making it easy to determine an approximate angle ofa mark or cut. 4inally, a layout square allows the userto mark angles in a similar manner to the method fordetermining an existing angle.

    The Blck "lane

    A block plane is the key to versatility in yourwoodwork. "ou can flatten a piece of wood, add acurve to it, or square your work. hape or chamferyour stock using a block plane. 5nce you have apiece dovetailed, you can smooth the oint with yourblock plane, rather than spending endless timesanding. "our plane can ease the edges of a piece,taking the sharpness out of it.

    The Caliper

    A caliper 21ritish spelling also caliper, or in pluraltantum sense a pair of calipers3 is a device used tomeasure the distance between two opposite sides ofan obect. A caliper can be as simple as a compasswith inward or outward-facing points. The tips of thecaliper are adusted to fit across the points to bemeasured, the caliper is then removed and thedistance read by measuring between the tips with ameasuring tool, such as a ruler.

    The Clamp

    A clamp is a fastening device used to hold or secureobects tightly together to prevent movement orseparation through the application of inward pressure.In the (nited 6ingdom and Australia, the term crampis often used instead when the tool is for temporaryuse for positioning components during construction

    and woodworking7 thus a 8 cramp or a sash crampbut a wheel clamp or a surgical clamp.

  • 7/25/2019 Carpentry Tools and Equipment


    The Hand Saw

    In woodworking and carpentry, hand saws, alsoknown as 9panel saws9, 9fish saws9, are used to cutpieces of wood into different shapes. This is usuallydone in order to oin the pieces together and carve awooden obect. They usually operate by having aseries of sharp points of some substance that isharder than the wood being cut. The hand saw is a bitlike a tenon saw, but with one flat, sharp edge.

    The #eather Bard

    4eather boards are important for achieving smooth,quality cuts. "ou#ll use a feather board with all kinds of

    saws and other cutting surfaces to push the materialpast the cutting edge. "ou can make your own featherboards, or purchase them instead. +ost woodworkersfind it easier to ust make them to suit their ownneeds.

    The Saw Hrse

    aw horses, of course, are a natural in anywoodworking shop or construction site. There areactually patterns available that you can use to buildyour own stacking sawhorses. If you build yoursawhorses properly, they#ll hold up to :;; lbs. apiece.They#re even fairly cheap to build. "our saw horseswill serve countless uses around your shop, from

    providing backup as you saw and drill, to extendingyour work surface while using power saws.

    The $rk Bench

    A workbench is sturdy table at which manual work isdone. They range from simple flat surfaces to verycomplex designs that may be considered tools inthemselves. orkbenches vary in si*e from tiny

    ewelers# benches to the huge benches used bystaircase makers.

    The Tl Strage System

    Tool storage is totally up to your own personal style.ome people are ust messy, and leave things piledaround. They simply remember that they left themoisture meter on the router table.

  • 7/25/2019 Carpentry Tools and Equipment


    do have their place in your shop. The steady power

    that comes with a corded drill makes it a better tool for

    extended use, especially when using large bits such

    as paddle bits.

    The abre aw

    !very woodworker should have a sabre saw. 5ften

    called a igsaw, it will allow you to cut curves and

    patterns in your stock materials.

    The Circular Saw

    A circular saw is a power-saw using a toothed orabrasive disc or blade to cut different materials usinga rotary motion spinning around an arbor. A hole saw

    and ring saw also use a rotary motion but are differentfrom a circular saw. ?ircular saws may also be looselyused for the blade itself.

    The "alm Sander

    A good palm sander is vital to any woodworker#spower tool collection. The palm sander will use @sheet of sanding paper, and is small enough to getinto tight places. the palm sander. The randomorbital sander uses hook and loop 2elcro3 to fastenthe sanding disks to the sanding pad. The randommovement of the disk helps to avoid sanding patternsinto your wood. "our main precaution with this tool isto make sure that your hardware supply store has

    discs in stock in every grit. 5therwise, you#ll have asander that you can#t use because you can#t findsanding pads for it.

    The Ta'le Saw

    ow, we start getting into the first permanent fixture inyour woodworking shop > the table saw. 5f course,table saws can be loaded in the bed of your truck, so,technically, they#re portable. 1ut, the table saw is notone you can pick up with one hand and head to theworksite. The table saw will be the workhorse of yourshop, so get a good one. "ou#ll use it to rip, miter,shape, square, groove, and oin, so a good saw thatsuits your needs is vital.

    The %ip #ence

  • 7/25/2019 Carpentry Tools and Equipment


    "our table saw should have a rip fence. "ou#ll wantone with fine-tuning adustment that runs parallel tothe blade. ome rip fences have an adustment knobon each end of the fence, others on ust one end. Themain thing to look for is torque. hen you move thefence, do both ends move evenly, or does the far endhand upB This can be a real problem, and you#ll saveyourself a lot of frustration and stock lumber if youhave a rip fence that stays parallel to the cuttingblade.




  • 7/25/2019 Carpentry Tools and Equipment


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