Text of Cave at Qumran, probably used for storage Ruins of water system at Qumran
Cave at Qumran, probably used for storage
Ruins of water system at Qumran
Composition of the Gospels3 stagesEventsOral traditionWritingLukeDate: ca. 80-90 CEAudience: mostly GentileProcess: interview eyewitnesses, correlate to historical eventsFocus: Jesus ministry among the poor
Source theoryMark: narrative (ca. 69-70 CE)Q (source): sayingsNot extantMatthew and Luke (ca. 80-90 CE)Draw on Mark and QAdd unique materialMatthew: for Jewish audienceLuke: for Gentile audienceJohn: largely distinct (ca. 90 CE)
Luke 4When Jesus came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the synagogue on the sabbath day, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place where it was written: The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to bring good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to let the oppressed go free, to proclaim the year of the Lords favour. And he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant, and sat down. The eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him. Then he began to say to them, Today this scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.
Luke 6: Sermon on the PlainThen Jesus looked up at his disciples and said: Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God. Blessed are you who are hungrynow, for you will be filled. Blessed are you who weep now, for you will laugh. Blessed are you when people hate you, and when they exclude you, revile you, and defame you on account of the Son of Man. Rejoice on that day and leap for joy, for surely your reward is great in heaven; for that is what their ancestors did to the prophets. But woe to you who are rich, for you have received your consolation. Woe to you who are full now, for you will be hungry. Woe to you who are laughing now, for you will mourn and weep. Woe to you when all speak well of you, for that is what their ancestors did to the false prophets.
Characteristics of the KingdomWho?What?Where?When?How different?From life under Roman occupation?From kingdom of Satan (p. 61)?
The Kingdom and MoneyWhy cant the rich enter the kingdom?What is the problem with money?How do people today spiritualize or ignore these passages?Why do religions (cf. Islam) care so much about what people do with their money?What is the alternative? What way of life does Jesus offer?
The Kingdom and PrestigeWho had honor in Jesus time?Who did not?How did Jesus challenge these values of honor and shame?
The Kingdom and SolidarityMajor difference between Kingdom of God and of SatanInclusive vs. exclusiveNew form of kinshipBasis: compassion, even for enemyHow did Jesus challenge peoples bonds of soliarity?How did he encourage something different?