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MAJOR CIVIL WAR BATTLES

MAJOR CIVIL WAR BATTLES. Fort Sumter April 12, 1861 Civil War Begins PGT. Beauregard (C) fired at Anderson (U) Confederates set up headquarter

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  • MAJOR CIVIL WAR BATTLES
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  • Fort Sumter April 12, 1861 Civil War Begins PGT. Beauregard (C) fired at Anderson (U) Confederates set up headquarter in Wilmer McCleans front Yard Who Won? Neither
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  • Anaconda Plan 1861 General Winfield Scotts idea Blockade of Confederate Parts Control the Mississippi Ends war in 90 days That was the plan
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  • Raising $$ For the War 1861 Both North and South used war bonds to raise money The North taxed citizens Realized victory would not be easy for either side
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  • 1 st Battle of Bull Run Manassas, VA: July 21, 1861 1 st major battle of the war Many came to watch!! North ends up retreatingfalling apart. Realized victory would not be easy for either side Neither side won this battle
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  • 2 nd Battle of Bull Run Manassas, VA: August 28, 1862 General Lee and his right hand man Stonewall Jackson solidly beat the North South/Confederates won
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  • Antietam Maryland: September 17, 1862 TURNING POINT OF THE WAR General McClellan in charge of Union Troops Found plan of Lees wrapped in a cigar Bloodiest Battle of the War 24,000 die in 24 hours
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  • Emancipation Proclamation Issued: September 1892 Went into Effect: January 1893 Did not want to lose support from border states Never intended to end slavery Stated: All slave within states still at war with US on 1/1/1863 are freed
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  • Chancellorsville Virginia: May 3, 1863 South/Confederates wins although lose General Stonewall Jackson Dies
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  • Vicksburg Mississippi: July 4 th, 1863 Confederates surrenders here Union now controls Mississippi North/Union win this battle
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  • Gettysburg Pennsylvania: July 1, 1863 3 day battle resulting in Lees losing 1/3 of his troops Four Score Speech harmony Union Soldiers killed here (pg. 366) Beginning of the end for the South
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  • Shermans March to the Sea Tennessee to the Atlantic May 1864-December 1864 100,000 Union Soldiers marched South to East through Georgia Destroying everything needed to end the war
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  • Appomattox April 9, 1865 Lee Surrenders to Grant in a house in Appomattox Parlor of McCleans house UNION WINS
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  • Lincolns Assassination April 14, 1865 Fords Theatre-John Wilkes Booth kills President Andrew Johnson becomes President