Nota Sains - Peta Minda

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zazolnizam

Text of Nota Sains - Peta Minda

Mind Maps Science http://zazolnizam.blogspot.com

SK Permatang Tok Mahat 14300 Nibong Tebal, SPS, Pulau Pinang

Mind Maps Science-018 UPSR 2011

Name : Class : Teacher : En. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar

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Mind Maps Science http://zazolnizam.blogspot.com

MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN TAHUN 4

1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas Give energy / Beri tenaga Grow / Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat Food / Makanan Air / Udara To breathe / Bernafas

Basic Needs of Human Keperluan Asas Manusia

Water / Air Drinks / Minuman Grow / Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat

Shelter / Tempat perlindungan To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada - danger / bahaya - extreme weather / cuaca melampau -sun & rain / matahari dan hujan

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar

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Mind Maps Science http://zazolnizam.blogspot.com

1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas Give energy / Beri tenaga Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat Food / Makanan

To breathe / Bernafas

Air / Udara

Basic Needs of Animals Keperluan Asas Haiwan

Types / Jenis : - holes / lubang - cave / gua - nest / sarang - beehive / sarang lebah Shelter / Tempat Perlindungan

Water / Air Drinks / Minuman Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat

To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada - danger / bahaya - extreme weather / cuaca melampau - sun & rain / matahari dan hujan

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar

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Mind Maps Science http://zazolnizam.blogspot.com

1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai keperluan asas Plants Have Basic Needs Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan Asas

Air / Udara

Water / Air

Sunlight / Cahaya matahari

With water / Ada air : - grow healthy / tumbuh dengan sihat - grow well / tumbuh dengan baik - not wilted / tidak layu

Without water / Tanpa air: - wilted / layu - turn yellow / menjadi kuning - die / mati

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar

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Mind Maps Science http://zazolnizam.blogspot.com

2.1 Analysing life processes in humans Analisa proses hidup manusia Nose/Mouth Hidung/Mulut Wind-pipe Trakea Lungs Paru-paru Inhale take in air Tarik nafas ambil udara Exhale give out air Hembus nafas- keluarkan udara Breathing Pernafasan Rate of breath Kadar pernafasan Number of chest movement in a period of time Bilangan pergerakan dada dalam sesuatu masa

Organs Organ

Purpose / Tujuan : - avoid danger elak bahaya - avoid getting hurt elak dapat luka - avoid getting injured elak dapat cedera - to survive untuk terus hidup

Respond To Stimuli Bergerak balas Terhadap Ransangan Organs OrganEyes Sight Mata - Melihat Nose Smell Hidung - Menghidu Tongue Taste Lidah - Merasa Ears Sound Telinga - Mendengar bunyi Skin Touch Kulit - Sentuhan

Life Processes of Humans Proses Hidup Dilalui Manusia

Reproduce Membiak

Excrete BerkumuhKidney ( urine + mineral salt ) Ginjal ( air kencing + garam mineral )

A process to produce their young or offspring Proses untuk menghasilkan anak

Defecate Bernyahtinja Faeces Najis

Lungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Paru-paru ( Karbon dioksida + wap air ) Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt ) Kulit ( peluh + garam mineral )

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar

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Mind Maps Science http://zazolnizam.blogspot.com

2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu proses hidup Behaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes Perlakuan yang boleh mengganggu proses hidup Smoking / Merokok

Effects / Kesan - Lung cancer Kanser paru-paru - Coughing Batuk

Drinking Alcohol / Minum Alkohol

Taking Drug / Mengambil Dadah

How to avoid / Bagaimana untuk hindari Occupied time with beneficial activities Memenuhi masa dengan aktiviti berfaedah Participate in a campaign Ambil bahagian dalam kempen Advise from their peers Nasihat daripada rakan sebaya

Effects / Kesan - Delay respond to stimuli Lambatkan ransangan terhadap ransangan - Lose ability to walk in straight line Hilang keupayaan berjalan dengan lurus - Can cause accidents Menyebabkan kemalangan

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar

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Mind Maps Science http://zazolnizam.blogspot.com

2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals Analisa proses hidup haiwan Animals Life Processes/Proses Hidup Haiwan

Excrete / Perkumuhan

Breathing / Bernafas

Reproduce / Membiak

Defecate / Bernyahtinja Organs / Organ To get rid of waste product from their bodies Untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan dari badan

Lay Eggs / Bertelur butterfly rama-rama bird burung

Give Birth / Lahirkan anak cat kucing tiger harimau bat kelawar whale paus

Lungs/ Paru-paru - monkey monyet - bird burung - whale paus

Gills/Insang Lungs- fish book ikan - crab - prawn ketam udang

Moist skin/Kulit lembap - frog katak - earthworm cacing tanah

Trachea Structre/Sistem Trakea - insects serangga

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar

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Mind Maps Science http://zazolnizam.blogspot.com

2.4 Understanding the life processes in plants Memahami proses hidup tumbuhanplants respond to stimuli. water, sunlight, touch, gravity. tumbuhan bergerak balas terhadap ransangan air,cahaya matahari,sentuhan,graviti

various ways plants reproduce throughseeds, spores, suckers, stem cutting, leaves, underground stem. berbagai cara tumbuhan membiak melalui.bji benih, spora, anak pokok,keratan batang, daun, batang bawah tanah

the part of plant that responds to water bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap ransangan

roots akarthe part of plant that responds to gravity. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap graviti

plants reproduce. tumbuhan membiak Seeds balsam, corn, durian Biji benih-keembung, jagung,durian Spores fern, mushroom Spora-paku-pakis,cendawan Suckers banana, pineapple Anak pokok-pisang,nenas Stem cutting hibiscus, rose, tapioca plants need to reproduce why Keratan ensure the survival of the species. to batang- bunga raya,mawar,ubi kayu mengapa tumbuhan perlu membiak Leaves bryophyllum, untuk memastikan kemandirian begonia spesisnya Daun-setawar,begonia Stem potato, onion, ginger Batangkentang,bawang,halia

Life processes plants undergo Proses hidup tumbuhan

roots akar

the part of plant that responds to sunlight. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap cahaya matahari shoot pucuk

the part of plant that responds to touch. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap sentuhan

Permul aaan eksperi men

Akhir ekspe rimen

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar

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Mind Maps Science http://zazolnizam.blogspot.com

3.1 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from danger Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai ciri dan perlakuan khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada bahaya

Specific characteristics and behaviour Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas

Special characteristics Ciri-ciri khas

Special behaviour Tingkah-laku khas

Sharp claws ( tiger, cat ) Kuku tajam ( harimau, kucing ) Thick and hard skin ( rhinoceros ) Kulit tebal dan keras ( badak sumbu ) Hard shell ( tortoise, snails ) Cengkerang keras ( kura-kura, siput ) Hard scales ( pangolin, crocodiles ) Sisik keras ( tenggiling,buaya ) Spines ( porcupine ) Berduri ( landak ) Horns ( buffalo, seladang ) Tanduk ( kerbau, seladang )

Pretend to be dead ( beetle, ) Berpura-pura mati ( kumbang ) Camouflage ( cameleon ) Menyamar ( sumpah-sumpah ) Spray black ink ( squid ) Mengeluarkan dakwat hitam ( sotong ) Poisonous sting or fang ( centipede, snake ) Sengat atau taring berbisa ( kala jengking, ular )

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar

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Mind Maps Science http://zazolnizam.blogspot.com

3.2/3.3 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from extreme weather Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas untuk melindungi diri daripada cuaca melampau

Specific characteristics and behavior Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas

Hot weather Cuaca panas Wrinkled Skin (Elephant ,hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Kulit berkedut (Gajah. badak sumbu, kerbau) Wallowing (Elephant, hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Berkubang (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) Humps (Camel) Bonggol (Unta)

Cold weather Cuaca sejuk Thick Fur (Polar bears) Berbulu tebal (Beruang kutub)

Fat Layers Under The Skins (Penguins, seals, and whales) Lapisan lemak di bawah kulit (Penguin, anjng laut, ikan paus) Small Ears (Seals and Walruses) Telinga kecil (Anjing laut, singa laut)

Hibernate (Polar bears) Berhibenasi (Beruang kutub)

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar

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Mind Maps Science http://zazolnizam.blogspot.com

3.4 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from enemies Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada musuh The specific characteristics Sifat-sifat khas

Produces latex Keluarkan getah

Have thorns Berduri

Poisonous Beracun Have fine hairs Berbulu halus Close leaflets when touch Daun tertutup bila disentuh

SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar

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