Nursing Art, Science & Profession

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Nursing as an Art, Science & ProfessionBy B. Sunil S De SilvaRN, BScN, MScN (Res)

Dpt. of Health Sciences, The Open University of Sri Lanka.

Objectives Discuss what is art & science of nursing. Explain the general criteria for professions. Discuss the importance of nursing associations.

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Nursing as an Art Oldest of the art & youngest of the sciences. Originally nursing was only considered as art. Called born nurses (natural / untaught). Art improved by practice. Need little education as nurses only carry out doctors orders.4/22/2011 Nursing as an art, Science & Profession 3

Nursing as a Science Gradually, as the body of scientific knowledge grew, nurses aware of the basic principles for practice. These principles summarized as procedures but never tested. Nursing borrowed its science from other disciplines. What was unique to nursing? Leeds to develop nursing theories by nursing scholars.4/22/2011 Nursing as an art, Science & Profession 4

The Art & Science of Nursing Nursing scholars has already proved the art & science of nursing. The art has long been accepted. The science has been recognized recently.

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Nursing as a Profession Do you think nursing is a profession? Should nursing be considered as a profession?

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General Criteria for Profession A body of knowledge on which skills & services are based. Deliver unique service to other humans. Colleges & University based education. Control of standards for practice. Responsibility & accountability of members their own actions. Career commitment by members. Independent function.4/22/2011 Nursing as an art, Science & Profession 7

A Body of Knowledge Knowledge from other disciplines. Develop own body of knowledge & its own theories. Both used for the practice of nursing.

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Unique Service to other Humans Virginia Hendersons Definition of Nursing was confirmed this status. Person-centered practice. Nursing delivers a unique service to the society.

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University Based Education Present trend of promoting University based education internationally as well as locally. BScN will be the basic qualification to enter to Nursing Profession.

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Control of Standards for Practice A standard is an authoritative or criterion to judge Quality of practice Developed by Professional Nursing Organizations. E.g.; certified / licensed / registered. To get licensed or registered as a nurse, they need to meet the standards of professional organization. E.g.; ANA, CNA, ICN.4/22/2011 Nursing as an art, Science & Profession 11

Responsibility & Accountability Accountability means assuming responsibility for your actions & accepting the end results of your behaviour. A code of ethics essentials to a profession Need to accountable; Patient Health care colleagues Hospital or your field Yourself.4/22/2011 Nursing as an art, Science & Profession 12

Career Commitment A Career is major life work, a long-term commitment, involves long term planning and requires long training or education. Is nursing a career? More women. No intention of continuing work or education.

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Independent Function Dependent Carried out the orders of the doctors

Independent Nurse initiates a/c own knowledge & skills

Collaborative Activities performed either jointly or a result of joint decision.4/22/2011 Nursing as an art, Science & Profession 14

Additional Criteria An active and solid professional organization.

Recognized social worth and contribution.

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Can we conclude that nursing is a profession?

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The End Nursing as an Art, Science and Profession

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