Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War The Cold War Heats Up The Cold War Heats Up The Korean War The Korean War The Continuing Cold War The Continuing

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  • Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War The Cold War Heats Up The Cold War Heats Up The Korean War The Korean War The Continuing Cold War The Continuing Cold War The Cold War
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  • The Cold War What is it? What is it? It is a bitter state of indirect conflict that existed between the U.S. and the Soviet Union for more than four decades It is a bitter state of indirect conflict that existed between the U.S. and the Soviet Union for more than four decades Occurred from 1949 to 1989 Occurred from 1949 to 1989 Why is it called a cold war? Why is it called a cold war? Hot war is when there is actual fighting Hot war is when there is actual fighting The cold war there was no direct fighting between the U.S. and the Soviet Union The cold war there was no direct fighting between the U.S. and the Soviet Union
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  • Origins of the Cold War How did the Soviets cause the Cold War? How did the Soviets cause the Cold War? U.S. is upset that the Soviet Union Set up a non-aggression pact with Germany U.S. is upset that the Soviet Union Set up a non-aggression pact with Germany Soviet Union wanted to spread communism (the U.S. disliked the communist idea) Soviet Union wanted to spread communism (the U.S. disliked the communist idea) The Soviets make satellite nations out of the countries on their western border The Soviets make satellite nations out of the countries on their western border Nations that were subject to Soviet domination and serve as a buffer zone Nations that were subject to Soviet domination and serve as a buffer zone
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  • Origins of the Cold War How did the U.S. cause the Cold war? How did the U.S. cause the Cold war? After the Russian Revolution the U.S. would not recognize the communist government until 1933 After the Russian Revolution the U.S. would not recognize the communist government until 1933 The U.S. waited to open up a second front in Europe during WWII The U.S. waited to open up a second front in Europe during WWII U.S. asked Britain for help on the A-bomb and left the Soviets out U.S. asked Britain for help on the A-bomb and left the Soviets out U.S. wants to spread the ideas of liberty, equality, and democracy U.S. wants to spread the ideas of liberty, equality, and democracy
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  • Origins of the Cold War What are some other causes of the Cold War? What are some other causes of the Cold War? Argument over Poland Argument over Poland The Soviets want it to be a communist country The Soviets want it to be a communist country The U.S. wants to allow Poland to decide for themselves The U.S. wants to allow Poland to decide for themselves
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  • Declaration of War Two unofficial declarations of war Two unofficial declarations of war In February 1946 Stalin gives a speech where he predicted the ultimate triumph of communism over capitalism In February 1946 Stalin gives a speech where he predicted the ultimate triumph of communism over capitalism In March 1946 Winston Churchill gave a speech where he said that there was an Iron Curtain that has descended on Europe In March 1946 Winston Churchill gave a speech where he said that there was an Iron Curtain that has descended on Europe
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  • Fighting the Cold War How does the U.S. fight the Cold War? How does the U.S. fight the Cold War? Containment, what is it? Containment, what is it? The U.S. will resist any Soviet attempts to form Communist governments anywhere The U.S. will resist any Soviet attempts to form Communist governments anywhere Truman Doctrine, what is it? Truman Doctrine, what is it? The U.S. must help nations that are resisting conquest by armed minorities and help free people to stay free The U.S. must help nations that are resisting conquest by armed minorities and help free people to stay free How do they work together? How do they work together? Containment set out the U.S. aim for the Cold War while the Truman Doctrine gave us justification for what we did Containment set out the U.S. aim for the Cold War while the Truman Doctrine gave us justification for what we did
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  • Origins of the Cold War Why was 1945 a critical year in United States foreign relations? Why was 1945 a critical year in United States foreign relations? What were the postwar goals of the United States and the Soviet Union? What were the postwar goals of the United States and the Soviet Union? How did the iron curtain tighten the Soviet Unions hold over Eastern Europe? How did the iron curtain tighten the Soviet Unions hold over Eastern Europe? How did the Truman Doctrine complement the policy of containment? How did the Truman Doctrine complement the policy of containment?
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  • 1945A Critical Year As the end of World War II approached, relations between the Communist Soviet Union and its wartime allies, the United States and Great Britain, grew increasingly tense. As the end of World War II approached, relations between the Communist Soviet Union and its wartime allies, the United States and Great Britain, grew increasingly tense. At a meeting at Yalta in February, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin agreed on the postwar division of Germany but disagreed on the future of Poland. At a meeting at Yalta in February, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin agreed on the postwar division of Germany but disagreed on the future of Poland. In April, representatives of 50 countries, including the United States, adopted the charter for the United Nations, an organization dedicated to cooperation in solving international problems. In April, representatives of 50 countries, including the United States, adopted the charter for the United Nations, an organization dedicated to cooperation in solving international problems. On April 12, Roosevelt died unexpectedly, making Vice President Truman the new President. Truman continued Roosevelts negotiations with Stalin at the Potsdam Conference in July. On April 12, Roosevelt died unexpectedly, making Vice President Truman the new President. Truman continued Roosevelts negotiations with Stalin at the Potsdam Conference in July.
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  • Conflicting Postwar Goals American and Soviet Goals American Goals Wanted conquered European nations to experience the democracy and economic opportunity that the United States had fought for during the war Wanted conquered European nations to experience the democracy and economic opportunity that the United States had fought for during the war Wanted to develop strong capitalist economies, which would provide good markets for American products Wanted to develop strong capitalist economies, which would provide good markets for American products Soviet Goals Wanted to rebuild Europe in ways that would help the Soviet Union recover from the huge losses it suffered during the war Wanted to rebuild Europe in ways that would help the Soviet Union recover from the huge losses it suffered during the war Wanted to establish Soviet satellite nations, countries subject to Soviet domination and sympathetic to Soviet goals Wanted to establish Soviet satellite nations, countries subject to Soviet domination and sympathetic to Soviet goals Wanted to promote the spread of communism throughout the world Wanted to promote the spread of communism throughout the world
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  • Soviets Tighten Their Hold Communist Expansion in Eastern Europe Albania and Bulgaria: Communists secure control by silencing opposition in Albania; Soviet troops seize Bulgaria. Albania and Bulgaria: Communists secure control by silencing opposition in Albania; Soviet troops seize Bulgaria. Czechoslovakia: Although it desperately tried to remain democratic, Czechoslovakia became a Soviet satellite nation in 1948. Czechoslovakia: Although it desperately tried to remain democratic, Czechoslovakia became a Soviet satellite nation in 1948. Hungary and Romania: By arresting anti-Communist leaders in Hungary and forcing the appointment of a Communist prime minister in Romania, Communists achieved power in both nations. Hungary and Romania: By arresting anti-Communist leaders in Hungary and forcing the appointment of a Communist prime minister in Romania, Communists achieved power in both nations. East Germany: To make sure Germany could not threaten his nation again, Stalin established a totalitarian government, naming the state the German Democratic Republic. East Germany: To make sure Germany could not threaten his nation again, Stalin established a totalitarian government, naming the state the German Democratic Republic. Finland and Yugoslavia: Both countries maintained their independence from Soviet control - Finland, by signing a treaty of cooperation, and Yugoslavia, by following the leadership of Tito. Finland and Yugoslavia: Both countries maintained their independence from Soviet control - Finland, by signing a treaty of cooperation, and Yugoslavia, by following the leadership of Tito.
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  • The Iron Curtain Churchill coined the phrase iron curtain to describe the geographic and political divisions between Communist and capitalist nations in Europe.
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  • Containment and the Truman Doctrine The competition between the United States and the Soviet Union for world influence came to be known as the Cold War. The competition between the United States and the Soviet Union for world influence came to be known as the Cold War. The American policy of containment accepted the fact that Eastern Europe was under Communist control, but sought to prevent Communist governments from forming elsewhere in the world. The American policy of