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    Govt Engg College , Bharatpur

    A

    Report on

    Summer Training taken at

    RAJASTHAN ATOMIC POWER STATION,RAWATBAHATA

    ON

    HOW TO PRODUCE ELECRICITY BY NUCLEAR FISSION

    AND PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER

    Submitted as a requirement for te !artia" fu""#""ment of de$ree of

    Ba%e"or of Te%no"o$&'E"e%troni%s ( Communi%ation)

    ofRa*astan te%ni%a" +niersit& of -ota

    B&

    Moit Pi!a".II semester B/Te%/ 'E"e%troni%s ( Communi%ation)01234

    Govt Engg College , Bharatpur

    Prepared By: Mohit Pipal

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    NUCLEAR POWER CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED

    (A Government of India enterprise)

    Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS)

    A

    REPORT ON

    VOCATIONAL TRAINING

    ATRAJASTHAN ATOMIC POWER STATION

    RAWATBHATA

    sessionFrom 02.06.2014 to 16.07.2014

    Submitted To: Supervised By: Guided By: Prepared By:

    Prepared By: Mohit Pipal

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    Mr. R.K. Sharma Mr. M.M.Gupta Mr. Mahaveer singhvi Mohit Pipal(Training Coordinator (S!"# (S!"C

    INDEX

    1. PREFACE

    2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    3. INTRODUCTION OF NPLCI

    MISSION OF NPCIL

    VISION OF NPCIL

    RAPS LOCATION & SITE CONDITIONS NUCLEAR ENERGY

    4. THREE STAGES OF INDIAN NUCLEAR POWER PROGRAM

    INTRODUCTION

    CHALLENGES FACED

    Statu !" #u$%a' (!)' *#'at+!# & "utu' (%a#

    ,. DESCRIPTION OF STANDARD INDIAN PHWR

    LAYOUT REACTOR

    REACTIVITY CONTROL MECHANISM

    FUEL DESIGN

    FUEL HANDLING

    PRIMARY HEAT TRANSPORT -PHT SYSTEM

    MODERATOR SYSTEM

    FUEL

    /. REACTOR AU0ILIARIES

    END SHIELD COOLING SYSTEM CALENDRIA VAULT COOLING SYSTEM

    VAPOUR SUPPRESSION SYSTEM

    ANNULUS GAS MONITORING SYSTEM

    LIUID POISON INECTION SYSTEM

    D2O EVAPORATION & CLEAN UP SYSTEM

    HEAVY WATER UPGRADING SYSTEM

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    Govt Engg College , Bharatpur

    FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM

    FIRE WATER SYSTEM

    ACTIVE PROCESS WATER SYSTEM

    R VENTILATION SYSTEM

    HEAVY WATER VAPOUR RECOVERY SYSTEM

    END SHIELD CALENDRIA TUE

    COOLANT TUE

    END FITTINGS

    SEAL PLUG

    SHIELD PLUG

    STEAM CYCLE

    . CONDENSING SYSTEM

    5. SAFTY DESIGN PRINCIPLES

    6. INDUSTRY VISIT

    FIRE7SECTION

    WATER TREATMENT PLANT

    INDUSTRIAL7SAFETY SECTION

    WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES

    RAPPCOF

    ENVIRONMNETAL SEVEY LA FIELD7ENGINEERING

    RC SHOP

    ESTATE MANAGEMENT

    18.PLC TRAINER

    TRADTIONAL CONTROL SYSYTEM DEVELOPMENT

    LADDER LOGIC & RELAYS

    PLC DL78/

    TYPES OF PLC PROGRAMMING OF THE DL78/

    PLC CONNECTIONS

    LADDER LOGIC INPUTS

    LADDER LOGIC OUTPUTS

    ADVANTAGES OF PLC

    PLC INSTALLED IN RAPS

    Prepared By: Mohit Pipal

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    PROECT WORK

    11.CONCLUSION

    Preface

    I M!9+t P+(a% tu:#t !" T9+': ;a' E%$t'!#+$ & C!

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    Acno!ledge"ent

    T9 att+tu:@ %+ a#: u(9!'+a t9at a$$!

    Ku

    ($t:. I# (+t !" t' Prepared By: Mohit Pipal

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    Govt Engg College , Bharatpur

    IN#$%D&C#I%N #% NPCI'

    I#:+a Nu$%a' (!)' :=%!(a'at.

    H!)='@ !" t9 #+# (%a#t@ a%% 9a= # "a$: )+t9 a"t; ('!%at9a# at!

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    NPCIL MISSIONTo develop Nuclear Poer Tec!"olo#$ a"d

    Produce %" a &el' rel%a"ce (a""er NuclearPoer a& a &a'e) e"v%ro"(e"*all$ +e"%#"

    a"d a" eco"o(%call$ v%a+le &ource o'

    elec*r%cal e"er#$ *o (ee* *!e #ro%"#

    elec*r%c%*$ "eed& o' *!e cou"*r$

    Prepared By: Mohit Pipal

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    NPCIL ISION

    NPCIL !a& %*& v!"!on to have an!n"talle# nu$lear po%er $apa$!t&

    o' (),))) MW*e+ & the &ear

    ()(),

    Tis %a!a%it& %ou"d be ac!%eved +$ *!e

    develop(e"* o' (ore --.MW/e0 1

    2.. MW/e0 u"%*& o' Pre&&ur%&ed !eav$

    a*er reac*or&) %(por*%"# l%#!* a*er

    reac*or& a"d +$ *!e %"*roduc*%o" o' 'a&*+reeder reac*or&,

    Prepared By: Mohit Pipal

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    Figure: Nuclear power plants in INDIA

    Prepared By: Mohit Pipal

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    Prepared By: Mohit Pipal

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    $AP( '%CA#I%N AND (I#E C%NDI#I%N

    RAPS + %!$at: !# t9 at'# a# !" RANA PRATAP SAGAR %a -R.P.S. u(t'a< !"

    t9 R.P.S. :a< a$'! t9 $9a

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    Govt Engg College , Bharatpur

    N&C'EA$ ENE$G)

    Ma :"$t $!#='t: +#t! #'*; t9'!u*9 #u$%a' 'a$t+!#. T)! ('!$ ('!:u$ t9+

    1 Nu$%a' "++!#

    2 Nu$%a' "u+!#

    A #ut'!# +t (%+t +#t! t)! +* (a't 9+t )9# a 9a=; #u$%u %+ t9at !" u'a#+u

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    $!%%+: )+t9 a#!t9'U23, #u$%u & $au "++!#. A $9a+# 'a$t+!# + t9u t u(. A%!

    t9 #ut'!# 9a= t! %!): :!)#. T9 "u% +# a #u$%a' 'a$t!' $!#+t !" u'a#+u< t9at

    T9+ $!!%a#t +# tu'# t'a#"' +t #'*; t! t9 %+*9t )at'. U%t+

    "++!# 9a $!

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    T9 +#:ut'; )a #) t! t9

    u$9 $a(a+%+t+.

    C. (tatu* of nuclear po!er generation / future plan*:

    T9 #u$%a' (!)' ('!*'a

    :+*# $9a#* 9a= #

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    Govt Engg College , Bharatpur

    DE(C$IP#I%N %- (#ANDA$D INDIAN P+$:

    01 'A)%:T9 #u$%a' (!)' tat+!# +# I#:+a a' *#'a%%; (%a#: a t)! u#+t

    $!

    (#t'at: ; a%a'* #u

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    Govt Engg College , Bharatpur

    Fig: Typical cross section of 220MWe reactor building21 $EAC#I3I#) C%N#$%' MECANI(M(:

    Du t! t9 u !" #atu'a% u'a#+u< "u% & !# %!a: '"u%+#*@ t9 PHWR :! #!t #: a %a'*

    $ 'a$t+=+t;. C!''(!#:+#*%; t9 :=+$ 'Bu+': "!' $!#t'!% !" 'a$t+=+t; +# t9 $!'

    #: #!t 9a= %a'* 'a$t+=+t; )!'t9. ta#:a': 'a$t!' :+*# a' ('!=+:: )+t9 "!u'

    ;t< "!' 'a$t+=+t; $!#t'!%@ =+.

    Prepared By: Mohit Pipal

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    3.a. R*u%at+#* '!:

    3.. S9+< '!:

    3.$. A:>ut' '!: "!' #!# !=''+:

    3.:. Natu'a% !'!# a::+t+!# +# t9

    $!

    T9 '*u%at+#* ;t

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    Govt Engg College , Bharatpur

    -!g. /0 Ele1ent 'uel un#le 'or (() MWe Rea$tor"

    51 -&E' AND'ING:O#7(!)' "u%%+#* + a "atu' !" a%% PHWR@ )9+$9 9a= =';

    %!) $ 'a$t+=+t;. I# t9+ t;( !" t9+ 'a$t!'@ '"u%+#* t! $!

    t9 9at *#'at: +# "u% + '"'': a ('+

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    T9 9a:' ta< *#'at!' (u

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    Govt Engg College , Bharatpur

    (u'+"+$at+!# ;t< $!#+t !" ta+#% t% I!# $9a#* 9!(('@ +*9t #u

    A%u

    at #!'

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    t9 )at' $!!%a#t t9 ('+

    t9 u% !" t9 9at + '

    Prepared By: Mohit Pipal

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    +++. T!

    u+%:+#* + ('!=+:: t! %+!+#t. It + a $%!: %!!( '$+'$u%at+#*

    ;t< )9+$9

    9;:'+: "!'

    'i;uid poi*on in

    t9 'a$t!' u#:' 9ut:!)# tat "!' ('!%!#*: :u'at+!#. T9+ + a# +#:(#:#t ('!$

    Prepared By: Mohit Pipal

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    Govt Engg College , Bharatpur

    ;t< a#: + t9 '(%a$$t+!# !" !'!# (!+!# :+'$t%; +#t! t9

    D=o evaporation and clean up *y*te"

    D2O =a(!'at+!# a#: $%a# u( ;t< (u'+"+ :!)#*'a:: 9a=; )at' t! a %=%

    )9+$9 + #!t 9a'

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    'a$t!' + t! u(*'a:: "!' u +# 'a$t!'@ +#$ t9 +!t!(+$ (u'+t; 'Bu+': + t!

    u(*'a:: "!' u +# 'a$t!'@ +#$ t9 +!t!(+$ (u'+t; 'Bu+': "!'

    )at' + a

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    F+' )at' ;t< $!

    $9a#*'.

    Rb ventilation system

    R + :+*#: a a :!u% $!#ta+#

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    9a=; )at' t9at $a( +#t! t9 u+%:+#* at

    t'+t+u< %! a#: t'+t+u< '%a t9'!u*9 ta$.

    T!

    a$$+:#t.

    Coolant tube

    Prepared By: Mohit Pipal

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    Govt Engg College , Bharatpur

    C!!%a#t tu + t9

    Shield plug

    T9 9+%: (%u* )9+$9 #!'

    t9 HP7LP. C!u(%+#* a$9 '!t!' + u((!'t: +# t)!

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    a ta< t'a+#' a $!

    T9 ta< "'!< t9 '9at' 9a=+#* a ('u' !" 4.,(+* a#: t

    *#'at!' 188

    G!='#!' =a%= (!+t+!# $!#t'!% tu'+# (: a#: %!a: a#: t9u a' '(!#+= t! t9

    *!='#!' =a%= -t)! !# a$9 a# a' $!##$t: ;

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